Is Myanmar in AsiaMyanmar in Asia
The Southeast Asia or Southeast Asia is a sub-region of Asia, comprising the lands of southern China, eastern India, western New Guinea and northern Australia. Southeast Asia borders Far Eastern Asia to the N, the Gulf of Bengal to the N, Oceania and the Pacific Ocean to the NW, and Australia and the Indian Ocean to the SW.
It is the only part of Asia that is partially located in the southern hemisphere, although most of it is in the northern hemisphere. Southeast Asia is currently defined as two geographical regions: The mainland of Southeast Asia, also called Indochina in historical terms, includes parts of East India (India extends from South Asia to Southeast Asia), Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Myanmar and West Malaysia.
Nautical Southeast Asia, also known as East India and Malay Archipelago, consisting of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands of India, Indonesia, East Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines, East Timor, Brunei, Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Southeast Asia " was first used in 1839 by the US minister Howard Malcolm in his travel in Southeast Asia.
It only enclosed the continental section and ruled out the maritime section in its definitions of Southeast Asia. 10 ] The concept was formally used by the Allies in the middle of the Second World War when the South East Asia Command (SEAC) was founded in 1943. 11 ] SEAC popularized the use of the concept of "Southeast Asia", although what made up Southeast Asia in the early period was not defined, e.g. the Philippines and a large part of Indonesia were expelled from SEAC, while Ceylon was implicit.
But in the latter part of the 1970' the concept of "Southeast Asia" and its territory was more or less used. 12 ] Although the definition of "South-East Asia" may differ from a culture or language point of view, the most commonly used today covers the territory of the following states ( "sovereign states and dependant territories").
Of the eleven states in Southeast Asia, ten are members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), while East Timor is an observatory state. GDP (/km2)GDP (nominal), per head, * Administration center in Putrajaya. ý Statistic subdivisions for Asia are convenient and do not imply assumptions about the policy or other affiliations of lands or territories:
Two sub-regions are subdivided into Southeast Asia: Mainland-Southeast Asia (or Indochina) and Maritime Southeast Asia (or the similarly Malay archipelago) (Javanese: Nusantara). Southeast Asia: Southeast Asia: Because of their special fauna characteristics, the easterly half of Indonesia and Eastimor (east of the Wallace line) are regarded as a biogeographical part of Oceania (Wallacea).
The tribes of Southeast Asia, especially those of austronese origin, have been seafaring for millennia, some of which reached the Madagascar Islands, becoming the forefathers of the Malagasy population. 37 ] The crossing of the Indian Ocean supported Madagascar's colonization and trade between West Asia, the east coastline of India and China's south shore.
Plinius the Elder chronicled in his own story Chryse and Argyre, two mythical isles full of golden and sterlingite. The majority of the inhabitants of Southeast Asia were animistic and concerned themselves with ancestry, the outdoors and so on. 40 ] Reconverted to Hinduism or Buddhism, and adopted Hindu or Buddhist beliefs to strengthen their legality, raise their rank above that of their colleagues, and ease trafficking with southern states.
Over the Bay of Bengal, Indochina and the Malay Archipelago it then expanded to Southeast Asia and led to the creation of several thousand Shiva sanctuaries on the Indonesian Isles as well as Cambodia and Vietnam, which developed together with Buddhism in the area. 44 ] Theravada Buddhism came to the area in the third quarter via sea trading lanes between the area and Sri Lanka.
Theravada is still the dominating Buddhist practice in today's Southeast Asian continent by Thai, Myanmar and Cambodian Buddhists. The Mahayana Buddhism establishes footprint in Southeast Asia, which has been carried by China friars on their way to Nalanda during their passage through the area. North Vietnam was under China's control from 111 BC to 938 AD.
Viet Nam was successfully ruled by a number of China ruling dictatorships, among them the Han, Eastern Han, Eastern Wu, Cao Wei, Jin, Liu Song, Southern Qi, Liang, Sui, Tang and Southern Han. Occidental influences began in the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries with the Portuguese arriving in Malacca, Maluku and the Philippines, the latter later inhabited by the Spaniards.
During the seventeenth and eighteenth Century, the Dutch founded the Dutch East India, the Dutch Indochina and the British Straits. In the nineteenth centuary, all South East Asiatic lands except Thailand were colonized. Thailand also permitted foreign academics to come to his own land to evolve his own educational system, as well as to send Thai members and Thai academics to receive higher training from Europe and Russia.
In Indonesia, the occupying regimes Sh?wa perpetrated violence against the civilian population, such as the Manila carnage and the introduction of a system of hard labor, such as that of 4 to 10 million Roma. 85 ] According to a later UN study, four million Indonesians were killed as a consequence of famines and hard labor during the war.
86 ] The Allied forces that overthrew Japan in the Southeast Asia theater of the Second Word War then fought with nazi forces that had been given the necessary sovereignty by the occupying state. Southeast Asia embossed chart. In Southeast Asia, Indonesia is the biggest nation and the biggest island in the whole wide globe by area.
Geologic ascents in the area have also created some stunning peaks that culminate in Puncak Jaya in Papua, Indonesia at 5,030m on New Guinea and is the only place where you can find icy icebergs in Southeast Asia. Southeast Asia's highest hill is Hkakabo Razi (5,967 meters), located in the north of Burma, which shares the same ridge as Mount Everest.
South China Sea is the most important sea in South East Asia. Philippines, Vietnam, Malaysia, Brunei, Indonesia and Singapore have integrated flows that run into the South China Sea. South-East Asia is bordered in the south-east by the continent of Australia, a border that passes through Indonesia. South-East Asia chart of the Köppen climatic class.
Most of Southeast Asia is located in the hot, wet tropical regions, and its mild and temperate climates can generally be described as monsoons. Southeast Asia's wildlife is varied; the orang-utan, the Malaysian tappir, the Sumatran rhino and the borneic cloud aleopard can also be found on the Borneo and Sumatra isles.
To find tigers of three different subtypes are on the isle Sumatra (Sumatra tiger), on the peninsula Malaysia (Malay tiger) and in Indochina (Indochinesischer tiger), which are all threatened by extinction. Komodo dragons are the biggest lizards in the world and live on the Indonesian isles of Komodo, Rinca, Flores and Gili Motang.
Filipino eagles are the birds of the Philippines. Among scholars, it is regarded as the world' s biggest eagle and is indigenous to the Philippines' woods. Bubalo's rugged Asiatic aquatic ox and Bubalo's native island gardens such as Bubalo were once widely used in Southeast Asia; today the native Asiatic aquatic ox is found throughout the entire area, but its other relations are scarce and at risk.
Birdlife such as peacock and drone lives in this sub-region as far as Indonesia. A four-pronged swine, also found in Indonesia. The line follows a today known cut-off point and divides Asiatic (western) and Australian (eastern) varieties.
Concerns about the environmental impacts of mankind's activities in the area have grown as the rate of growth has accelerated and the population of Southeast Asia continues to grow. However, a significant part of Southeast Asia has not significantly altered and continues to be an unchanged home for game. Indonesia, for example, has established an important system of protected areas and protected areas for this work.
South East Asia's flat water is the most biodiverse in the world's corals, aquatic animals and mollusks. Conservation International says sea studies suggest that the Raja Ampat (Indonesia) has the highest variety of sea creatures on earth. The variety is significantly greater than in any other area of the triangle of corals, which consists of Indonesia, the Philippines and Papua New Guinea.
Walshark, the biggest kind of catfish in the wide range of marine life and 6 kinds of marine tortoises can also be found in the South China and Pacific Seas of the Philippines. Southeast Asia is a region full of wildlife and vegetation, while Southeast Asia is faced with heavy logging, which means habitats are being lost for various threatened wildlife such as the orang-utan and the Sumatraniger.
It is predicted that more than 40% of wildlife in Southeast Asia could be extinct in the twenty-first Century. As a response, several Southeast Asian nations concluded the ASEAN agreement on cross-border fume emissions to fight fume inhalation. Indonesia, as an emergent country, is the biggest country in this area.
The new industrialized nations are Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and the Philippines, while Singapore and Brunei are rich industrialized states. Southeast Asia remains highly agricultural-independent, but Vietnam is making considerable advances in the development of its industry sector. Southeast Asia's crude is abundant. 17 telecom operators have been awarded the contract to construct the Asia-America Gateway subsea gateway to link Southeast Asia with the United States to prevent interference recently created by the severing of the Taiwan to United States subsea cables during the 2006 Hengchun earthquake.
This is a cake diagram showing the demographic breakdown of the Southeast Asian region (with Indonesia divided into its main islands). South East Asia has an area of approximately 4,500,000 sq km (1.7 million sq. miles). With 261 million inhabitants, Indonesia is the most populated nation in the atlantic.
In South-East Asia, the spread of religion and humanity is varied and depends on the state. About 30 million Chinese from abroad also reside in South-East Asia, mainly on Christmas Island, in Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand, and as Hoa in Vietnam. Humans of South East Asiatic origin are known as South East Asians or Aseanites.
Nowadays the Javanese are the biggest ethnical group in Southeast Asia, with more than 100 million inhabitants, mainly in Java, Indonesia. Vietnam' s second biggest ethnical group in Southeast Asia is made up of some 86 million inhabitants, a significant majority, especially in neighbouring Cambodia and Laos.
Thais are also an important ethnical group with around 59 million inhabitants, the vast majority in Thailand. There is a clear dominance of the Indonesian and Sundanian communities, with several hundred indigenous groups living in the islands, among them Madureses, Minangkabau, Bugis, Balinese, Dayak, Batak and Malay. Whereas Malaysia is divided between more than half of the Malaysians and a fourth of the Chinese and also the Hindu population in the west of Malaysia, Dayaks is the largest in Sarawak and Kadazan-dusun the largest in Sabah, located in the east of Malaysia.
Malays are the majorities in Western Malaysia and Brunei, while they form a significant minorities in Indonesia, Southern Thailand, Eastern Malaysia and Singapore. The Chinese are the predominant people in the city-state of Singapore, but the town is a multi-cultural crucible with Malay, Indian and Eurasian people, who also call the islands their home.
Chams are a significant ethnic group in central and southern Vietnam, including central Cambodia. The Khmer are the largest group in Cambodia and form a significant ethnic minorities in South Vietnam and Thailand. Hmong are the minorities in Vietnam, China and Laos. In the Philippines, the groups Visayan (mainly Cebuanos and Hiligaynons), Tagalog, Ilocano, Bicolano and Central Luzon (mainly Kapampangan and Pangasinan) are important.
Southeast Asian nations practise many different faiths. Islam is the most widely practiced religion among the people, with about 240 million followers or about 40% of the total populace focused in Indonesia, Brunei, Malaysia, southern Thailand and the southern Philippines. Cambodia is the world's most populated Muslim state.
The Buddhism is prevalent in Vietnam, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Burma and Singapore. Ancestral cult and Confucianism are also widespread in Vietnam and Singapore. The Philippines, East Indonesia, East Malaysia and East Timor are dominated by Christianity. Philippines has the biggest Latin Catholics in Asia. Because of the tradition of Portugal, East Timor is also predominantly roman-Catholic.
There is no single South East Asia region that is religionally homogenous. Hinduism dominates the world's most densely populated Islamic state, Indonesia, on Bali. Christendom also dominates the remainder of the Philippines, New Guinea and Timor. Bags with Hindu populations can also be found in South East Asia in Singapore, Malaysia etc.
The Garuda (Sanskrit: Garu?a), the penny that is the mountain (vahanam) of Vishnu, is a nationwide icon in Thailand and Indonesia; in the Philippines golden pictures of Garuda were found on Palawan; in Mindanao were also found golden pictures of other hinduistic deity. There are Christians throughout Southeast Asia; the vast majority are in East Timor and the Philippines, Asia's biggest Christian state.
There are also older religions in isolated areas of Sarawak in East Malaysia, the Highland Philippines and Papua in East Indonesia. Sakka ( "Indra") is venerated as a natural in Burma Mahayana Buddhism is practiced in Vietnam, under the influence of local animation, but with a pronounced ancestors.
IndonesiaIndonesian, English, Dutch, Batak, Javanese, Sundanese, Minangkabau, Buginese, Banjar, Papuan, Dayak, Acehnese, Amberese Balinese, Betawi, Madurese, Musi, Manado, Sasak, Makassarese, Batak Dairi, Karo, The Mairasi, East Cenderawasih Language, Lakes Plain Language, Tor-Kwerba, Nimboran, Skou/Sko, border language, Senagi, Pauwasi, Mandarin, Hokkien, Cantonese, Hakka, Teochew, Tamil, Punjabi, Bengali and Arabic. With more than 700 different language versions on over 17,000 isles throughout the entire Indonesian peninsula, Indonesia is the second most multilingual nation on earth, just behind Papua New Guinea.
Indonesia's main Indonesian is Bahasa Indonesia, which is widely used in education, politics, business and other informal settings. Indonesian tongues. Jakarta/West Java/Banten, Indonesia. Southeast Asia has a very varied culture: On the continent of Southeast Asia, it is a mixture of Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos and Thai (Indian) and Vietnamese (Chinese) civilizations.
Whereas in Indonesia, the Philippines, Singapore and Malaysia, the civilization is a mixture of Aboriginal Austronesian, Muslim, Indo-Aryan, Western civilizations and Chinaman. Singapore/Vietnam have more China influence as Singapore, although it is a South East Asia country in geographical terms, is home to a large China minority and Vietnam has had much of its past under China's control.
Hindu influences in Singapore can only be seen in the Tamil migrants, who to a certain degree affected Singapore's cooking. During the whole of Vietnam's story it had no immediate impact from India - only through contacts with the Thais, Khmer and Cham. In Southeast Asia, rice cultivation has been going on in the entire sub-region for millennia.
A few tragic samples of these paddy fields inhabit the Banaue Terraces in the Luzon hills of the Philippines. Stilts can be found all over Southeast Asia, from Thailand and Vietnam via Borneo to Luzon in the Philippines and Papua New Guinea. There is a wide range of metal processing in the area, especially in Indonesia.
The Philippines has a multifaceted multicultural impact, mainly from the time of Spain and America, contacts with Indian culture and trade in China and Japan. Southeast Asian art has an affiliation with the art of other regions. Dancing in much of Southeast Asia involves both the movements of your arms and your legs to convey the emotions and significance of the tale that the dancer will tell the people.
The majority of Southeast Asia brought dancing to their courts; especially the Khmer Empire, which was strongly Indian Hinduist, was the representative of the Khmer King in the early seventh cent. Puppet theatre and shadows were also a popular way of entertaining in the past few hundred years, one of them being Wayang from Indonesia.
In some countries of South East Asia, Hinduism, which was introduced to them hundreds of years ago, has had a strong influence on contemporary music. Indonesia has maintained many Hindu styles of practice, civilization, as well as fine and literary expressions, despite its Islam ist rejection of certain artistic expressions. The Khmer and classicism of Indonesia were pointed out to represent the lives of the Giants, but for the South East Asia spirit the lives of the Giants were the lives of the people themselves - happy, earthly and yet givin.
Tai, who came to Southeast Asia later, introduced some of China's art tradition, which they soon abandoned in favor of the Khmer and Mon tradition, and the only signs of their former exposure to China's art were the temple styles, especially the pointed ceiling and lacquered ware.
Southeast Asian tradition is as diverse as its many ethnical and culturally diverse. Among the courtly and popular types, gong-chime groups and orchestra make up the vast majority of the genre (with the exceptions of the lowlands of Vietnam). The Gamelan and Angklung Orchestra from Indonesia, Piphat / Pinpeat Ensemble from Thailand and Cambodia and the Kulintang Ensemble from the Philippines, Borneo, Sulawesi and Timor are the three most important types of musicians that have shaped other local traditions.
Southeast Asian histories have resulted in a plethora of different writers, both inside and outside the area. Southeast Asian dictionaries were more abugida, until the Europeans arrived, using words that also ended in consonant and not just sung. It would have been more sustainable than wood in the tropics of Southeast Asia.
Nowadays in Malaysia, Brunei and Singapore, the Malai languages are usually spoken in Romansh. In the past and present, the use of Tibetan letters has only been observed in Vietnam and more recently in Singapore and Malaysia. Acceptance of Mandarin letters in Vietnam goes back to 111 BC, when it was invaded by the Chineses.
The use of written in China is, however, declining, especially in Singapore and Malaysia, as the younger generation is for the Latin type. "Southeast Asia Region Map". Nationsa Online is an on-line guidebook with many different facets of the world's national and cultural heritage: geographical, economic, scientific, human, cultural, environmental, travelling and tourist, governance and historical.
Asien in the Origin of Europe, Volume III. Indonesia, Malaysia & Singapore Manual. Historical construction of Southeast Asian studies: Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. "Southeast Asia." of Southeast Asian Studies. South-East Asia: Background and Migration in Southeast Asia (1 ed.). in Southeast Asia (Laos) at 46 ca.
"Additional Proofs of Small Growing Hominids from the Later Pleistocene of Flores, Indonesia". Balearic Islands: Singapore: Library Press. Filed on April 26, 2013 at Wayback Machine. Nola Cooke, Tana Li, James Anderson - The Tongking Gulf Through History - page 46 2011 - "Nishimura actually proposed the stage ?ông S?n belongs to the latter part of the metals era, and some other learned people in Japan argue that, against the usual assumption that the Han incursion ?ông S?n is cultural, ?ông S?n S?n artifacts,....".
Vietnam Fine Arts Museum 2000 "..... the bronzed cylindric glasses, barrels, weapons and instruments, cleverly engraved and part of the world-famous ?ông S?n civilization of millennia; the round sculpture, the decorative architectonic sculptures..." This is a story of early Southeast Asia: Nautical Trade and Social Development, 100-1500.
South-East Asia: An historical encyclopedia, from Angkor Wat to East Timor. This is a story of early Southeast Asia: Nautical Trade and Social Development, 100-1500. South-East Asia, Religions Section 3. South-East Asian story. Religive Traditions and Nation Building in Vietnam". Eastasia. This is a story of early Southeast Asia: Nautical Trade and Social Development, 100-1500.
Vietnam SCIENCE 2002 Page 42 ?y bAN KHAA ?y xã Vi?t Vi?t Nam - 2002 "The first phase of the first millenium A.D. (the time of the BAC Thuoc) moved all of Southeast Asia into a powerful intercultural exchange with the outside worlds, on the one side with China....".
The Myanmar years: Historical and cultural aspects of a southern country. Crimson and Soil: A world story of genocide and destruction from Sparta to Darfur. Vietnam's history: from Hong Bang to Tu Duc. It'?s a global story. Non-camped fugitives, English teachers in Thailand and Burma. Empiree chinesische Militärgeschichte: 8000 v. Chr. - 1912 A.D. iUniverse. p. 408.
South-East Asia: Rao, B.V. Asian Heritage. Old story. Private sector role in poverty reduction in Asia. Muslims and Islam in Southeast Asia. Everyday life through trade: buy and sell in world affairs. Belief and evolution. Muslims in Malaysia: Development and Heritage. "in Southeast Asia."
It' a story of the world economy. It' a story of the world economy. Congress Bibliothèque, 1992, "Indonesia: Climate change impacts - South-East Asia". Biodiversity in the crisis in Southeast Asia. It' a story of the world economy. Expatriates Chinese entrepreneurs create a new economic superpower in Asia. Expatriates Chinese entrepreneurs create a new economic superpower in Asia.
SE Asia Stocks-Jakarta, Manila achieved new records, others solid". Bull Markets raises PSE index to the top of Asian stock markets | Manila Bulletin. Burma". CIA - The World Factbook - East Timor. CIA - The World Factbook - Malaysia. CIA - The World Factbook - Thailand.
CIA - The World Factbook - Vietnam. Fletcher's a Historie de l'architecture, Architectural Press, 20 ans. Auflage. Farah, Paolo Davide (2015) Energy investments and environmental issues in Southeast Asia, in: