Is Burma SafeBurma is safe
Tourism should not avoid Burma.
"This is no longer the case; the overwhelming bulk of our hotel and restaurant facilities are now private property and staffed by native staff. They are freelance or work for private tourism companies. Most of the time, the driver works for private tourism companies. "We believe that preventing trips to Burma will have little influence on the Burmese administration and army, but a deeper influence on the country's population."
Myanmar 2018 Crime and Security Report
Burma was taken as SEVEL 1: Regular Precautionary Measures, according to the U.S. State Department at the time of the release of this document. Special areas of the countryside are characterised as levels 2 (increased caution), 3 (rethink travel) and 4 (do not travel), mainly due to civilian disturbances and the existence of landmines.
The U.S. Embassy in Burma assumes no liability for the occupational skills or probity of the individuals or companies listed in this document. Rangoon has been rated by the U.S. State Department as a low-risk place for crimes against or affecting the U.S. government's formal interests. Myanmar offers an unparalleled chance for US corporations to penetrate an up-and-coming and potentially profitable business that has been almost completely taboo for many years.
The IMF, multi-lateral investment bankers and other research sources from the non-governmental community say Burma has the capacity to become the next border in Asia if it can harness its rich physical resource, young workforce and geo-political closeness to some of the world's most vibrant economy.
Rangoon's Rangoon residents are experiencing night-time robbery, small-time crimes, trespassing and murders like in other major metropolises in Southeast Asia. Altthoguh some business establishments and restuarants turning to tourist are beginning to open accepts and Burma is still largely a pure money company. Travellers who often have to take large amounts in their own currencies with them should refrain from issuing money or other valuable items to the general public. 2.
Travellers are prevented from reacting to unwanted occasions to earning. A contract partner of the US administration was attacked in 2016 and mugged on his way home after work. Burmese residents should monitor all workmen in their place of abode. Intra-ethnical conflict, community force and worship stress make certain areas outside Rangoon taboo.
Travellers should check the U.S. Embassy website and the Burma Consular Section page for the latest itineraries. Visiting permits must be obtained from the governments of the countries in question before travelling to sensible areas. Foreign nationals travelling outside Rangoon or other large towns or locations may face a challenge without a Myanmar translator who can help them interact with non-English-speaking people.
Despite the government's awareness of key highways ( "Rangoon-Mandalay" motorway) and some security enhancements by the global public, many streets are still not reliable or may be invious after rain. US ambassadors are not allowed to travel outside the big towns after nightfall, but it is generally allowed to travel in towns at noon.
The driver is often anxious and has little regard for the pedestrian, the right of way of other car owners or general road trafficafety. However, drunken or addicted to drugs is a big problem and represents a considerable hazard for the visitor, especially at the time. Out of Rangoon, riders are struggling with omnipresent motorcycles that often suffer from a shortage of the right signal and security equipment.
Visitor should only ride in natural light and use roadworthy cars. Visitor should familiarise themselves with the flood-prone areas and travelling in four-wheel driven cars; unfavourable meteorological conditions can prolong the expected journey time by several long and exhaust fog. Transport is available in Rangoon and some parts of the state. Taxi services are a more dependable means of transport in Rangoon.
It is generally regarded as safe, but many are poorly serviced and/or have no seat belts. Travellers are recommended to be especially careful when taking a taxi too early in the morning. Travellers should also take the chance to watch the rider to see if he/she appears to be affected by alcohol or intoxicants. U.S. Federal Aviation Administration has not evaluated the International Civil Aviation Organization's adherence to security regulations.
Security data from Burma's merchant airlines is not readily available, and there is little information on governance of the country's merchant avionics. Petrol filling station and policing are restricted outside Rangoon and other large metropolitan areas, so drivers should make appropriate plans. Yangon has been rated by the U.S. State Department as a moderate risk site for terrorism against or affecting the U.S. government's formal interests.
Governments are vulnerable to the threats of terror and work with them. No indications exist that Burmese counterterrorist organisations have operating capabilities. It is not a state-sponsored supporter of acts of terrorism and does not deliberately allow alien combatants to cross the state.
Yangon has been identified by the US State Department as a place of moderate danger to U.S. administration policy against or against U.S. federal interests. Burma's key challenges are how the various peoples of the Burmese nation can surmount a story of war in order to coexist and unite the nation by means of politics.
Burma has been at risk of extinction since it gained sovereignty in 1948. It is one of the longest in the history of the planet and has included all important nationalities. As of 2011, the regime has been negotiating ceasefires with 14 ethnically armed groups (EAGs), although the fighting continues (including those in which some of the groups that approved the truce have been involved).
The National Ceasefire Agreement (NCA) was concluded by the US and eight ESAs in October 2015, but many ESAs, particularly in the northern and northeastern regions, did not do so. Current conflicts between the administration and the EAECs do not always match the NCA territories; non-signatory groups in the south-east have not had a bi-lateral ceasefire for many years and have not come into conflict with the administration, while battles have taken place in parts of Kachin, Kayah and Shan states that fall under the NCA.
This clash is occasional, but with the EAGs in Chin, Kachin, Rakhine and Shan the level of force has increased considerably. During the second half of 2017, fighting between the Burma Army and the EAGs led to losses on both sides. The result is a forked system of power in which the civil regime cannot fully monitor what the army and intelligence do.
Protesters who violated the law on peaceful assembly by protests without authorisation have been detained by the state. Myanmar has 135 official ethnical groups. Although Burma's multi-ethnicity is a fountain of nationally proud, it has also resulted in a long, savage story of violence in ethnical and religious wars. Myanmar has 18 ethnically armed groups (EAGs) that represent various minority groups.
The majority of these groups are deeply distrustful of the main administration, and many want to build a federation of armies that includes minority groups as well as the Burmese who rule the Burmese armed forces (known as "Tatmadaw"). Several EAECs in frontier areas are continuing to carry out crime related activity (drug production/trade, stone/woodmuggling, traffic in humans ) to support their continuing clash with NCB.
Inter-communal tensions between the Rakhine and Rohingya communities in the state of Rakhine are high. Rohingya are an ethnical group that is not formally recognised by the Myanmar authorities and which many in Burma regard as irregular migrants. Rakhine are Buddhists and Rohingya Muslims, so the dispute sometimes assumes a spiritual aspect, but the Rakhine also profoundly reject the repression perceptions of their Bamar co-religionaries leading the federal state.
Since the Rohingya administration does not recognise Rohingya as a minorities, the Rohingya people have to go through a review to be regarded as Myanmar people. You are often not able to obtain identity papers or travelling papers. Rohingya are confronted with abuses, institutionalised forms of harassment and barriers to free mobility, as well as a shortage of educational, livelihood and primary care.
Dozens of policemen, troops and civil servants were murdered in the assault along with a large number of members of that group. Bangladesh and Burma remain working on a return mechanism, but the Arza assaults have shown that this will not be an easiest one. Responding to these incidents, both Al-Qaeda on the Indian subcontinent (AQIS) and ISIS followers in the Philippines appealed to violence -stricken activists - to visit Burma to start aggression.
Road floods are widespread throughout South Burma during the rainy period (typically May-October). In Rangoon, there is no rainwater discharge system. This means that low-lying parts of Rangoon and main roads often experience torrential floods. Myanmar is vulnerable to hurricanes during two periods of the year (peaks in May and November).
Larger seismic distortions are also present and should be taken into account in the development of possible emergency response planning. Burma's infrastructures are below average in comparison to its neighbours and will take considerable investments and years of work to update. One of the greatest problems is an old, insufficient electricity network, which leads to a large number of outages, even in the large conurbations, as there is still more electricity than is available.
Burma's telecommunication and broadband infrastructures are inferior, although accessibility is constantly being expanded. Travellers should be aware that they may not have mobile network connectivity and consider redundant/alternative communications, especially when travelling outside the city. Myanmar has been host to a number of large open gatherings, such as a Pope patronage in December 2017, the Pan-Asian Games and a meeting of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN), all of which took place without serious safety conspirator.
The TI's Corporate Perceptions Index shows Burma has risen in recent years from 147 in 2015 to 136 in 2016 and 130 in 2017. However, it is a serious obstacle to investments/trade and pervades the governments and the business community. U.S. corporations can gain an edge by submitting or tendering for a project, even though the U.S. federal authorities have taken clear measures to increase visibility and assessment of key tendering procedures and fight corrupt practices.
U.S. corporations generally find that Burmese civil servants and businessmen are less likely to look for or await "relief payments" or other presents than elsewhere in Southeast Asia. It has focussed on the preparation and adoption of trade legislation, such as the Investment Act of October 2016 and the Business Act of December 2017 (expected to be implemented in August 2018).
Myanmar is suffering from an obsolete judicial system and obsolete law; many law are obscure and often manipulated. The 2016 World Bank reports that Burma ranks 18th out of 25 in East Asia and the Pacific for setting up a new company and 3rd (23rd) for contract enforcement and protection of majority shareholders.
The interest of the goverment in the activity of aliens is continuing. By controlling the country's phone networks and ISPs, the authorities can intercept phone and email messages. Don't talk about itineraries or other deals in an open place. Whilst aliens can be considered prosperous, there is still a view that crime against Americans and other Westerners is being more thoroughly prosecuted and severely penalized than crime against Myanmar citizens.
By 2017, a U.S. administration official was hit and seriously wounded by a car; the tourist police was the first at the crime site and took the man to a health care institution. It liaises with top level prosecution authorities and is available to US residents during their time in Burma.
In Rangoon, there is very little access to good health and extensive healthcare except for the smallest care outside the city. The American Citizen Service keeps a listing of doctors, health centers and chemists in Rangoon, Yangon, compiled by the Embassy Health Unit. Emergency evacuations can be organised at any of the above institutions and by the large Bangkok hospitals .
Though it is slowly evolving, Burma is still a largely cash-based population. SOS and Victoria hospitals are accepting payment in advance, but most healthcare institutions in Burma demand that the patient pays before they receive treatment. It is recommended that all passengers take out a policy covering emergency medical evacuation in the event of a serious incident, personal injuries or sickness.
Evacuating a patient medically can be costing tens of thousands ofthe millions of US dollar, according to the seriousness of the emergency, so all travellers should make sure that their insurances offer adequate cover. When travelling with a group, make sure that your passengers know that you have travel health and know where to find the information if you are out.
People with serious medical concern or using diluents (except aspirin) will not be allowed to travel to Burma. Travellers are recommended to consult a doctor before travelling to Burma to make sure that appropriate vaccination and precautionary measures are taken. Before arriving in Rangoon, all travellers to Burma should be vaccinated.
Long periods outside Rangoon call for vaccinations against Japan' s encephalitis and prophylactic anemia. Gastro-intestinal disorders, TB, dengue fevers, malaria, rabies encephalitis and Japan' are a serious threat to travellers in Burma. CDC provides supplemental information on Burma vaccine and medical advice. US nationals travelling to Burma should register for the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP).
US nationals who want to do dealings in Burma should seek counsel on the website of the Embassy's Economic Department. Only those traveling on an official basis and funded by companies registering with the Ministry of Commerce are eligible for the government's Visa-on-arrival programme. Burma's e-visa programme allows visitors to obtain a visas on-line rather than sending a physical application to an Embassy or Customsulate.
Visa applications can still be made to the Burmese embassy and consulates in the USA.