Is Burma and Myanmar the same CountryAre Burma and Myanmar the same country?
Deep view of messages from all over the continents
Myanmar's democratic symbol Aung San Suu Kyi has been denounced by the country's election agencies for using the name'Burma' for the state. Myanmar's election committee first referred to Suu Kyi with the honorary suffix "Daw. "Daw Aung San Suu Kyi named Myanmar'Burma' in her address to the World Economic Forum in Thailand on June 1, 2012.
"Daw Aung San Suu Kyi re-named Myanmar'Burma' in her speech during her Europe touring. "The state is supposed to be known as "The Republic of the Union of Myanmar", nobody has the right to call (the country) Burma," the appeal said in a state paper. In 1989, the army regime altered the name as Europe's place-holders became increasingly scarce on the Asiatic mainland.
By the mid-80s, the UN had begun to use the China system for romanisation, which led to a move from Beijing to Beijing for the Russian capitol China. Burma - supposedly an old concept that refers to the heart of the land - was elected to better mirror the variety of the country's people - less than 70 per cent of whom are Burmese people.
Burma's then capitol, Rangoon, was also named the centre of Myanmar's Yangon centre of influence - later by a new capitol, Naypyidaw, at the generals' bid. The National League for Democracy of Aung San Suu Kyi, however, has made an exemption from the naming and said that the government has no authority to make such a move.
"I am a little confused about the amount of arguments about the name when you have a nation with such an awful track record in terms of respect for mankind, but I have been told that it is really important," Farmaner said before he added that the election agencies that criticised Suu Kyi did not have their prioritisation in order.
" Asia specialist Lowell Dittmer of the University of California, Berkeley, states in his novel "Burma or Myanmar: The Struggle for National Identity" that the "new" name Myanmar comes from a penniline. Burma, on the other side, was inferred from the pronounced name in the Burmese vernacular, Bamar.
During the British colonisation of the land between 1826 and 1948, it was taken over and used internationally. Myanmar has become an acronym for the entire population of the Burmese population and is still widely spoken. Doittmer has defined those nations that call Myanmar "realists" who believe labels can be used to put downward pressures - and Nenists who do not.
It is argued that with the name "Myanmar" the refusal of government control over the country's opponents will be sanctioned even after the 1990 election victory. "The world' s heads of state and government are struggling with the country' s name, especially since the recent reform initiated by Prime Minister Thein Sein. UK Prime Minister David Cameron uses the name Burma, while recent US President Barack Obama addresses also use this name.
However, on a visit to the U.S. at the end of last year, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton was inclined to avoid controversies by using the word "this country". "The name Burma is still used by many nations, among them the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom. Meanwhile, the United Nations uses Myanmar as well as the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, China, Germany, India, Norway and Japan.
Bruxelles has found its own way out of the problem by naming the Burma/Myanmar state. "A number of EU member states call it Burma, while others call it Myanmar," said EU spokesperson Susanne Kiefer. "Burma Campaign UK's Farmaner claims that a general transformation in Myanmar could be possible if more democracy reforms are attained.
"Perhaps a democratic regime will be changed at a later date, but the Opposition will not tolerate it from a regime that has taken over by force of arms. At only a minuscule percentage of the National League for Democracy seat in a parliamentary assembly ruled by the successors to the pro-military ruling group, it seems that renaming the nation - or retaining it - is a long way off.