Irrawaddy River or Ayeyarwady River is a river that flows from north to south through Myanmar. The Irrawaddy River, Burmese Ayeyarwady, the main river of Myanmar (formerly Burma), which flows through the centre of the country. Explore the Irrawaddy River with cruises to famous destinations such as Mandalay and Mingun. Widespread flooding has affected many rivers, including the Irrawaddy (Ayeyarwady). Burma rewards travelers with fascinating ancient treasures and iconic views of life along the peaceful Irrawaddy River.

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Irrawaddy or Ayeyarwady Rivers (Burmese: ??; MLCTS: erawa. ti morning, pronounced[?èjàw?dì mj??], also written Ayeyarwaddy) is a stream that runs from the north south through Myanmar. It' the biggest flow of the land and the most important trade route. Starting from the junction of the rivers N'mai and Mali[4], it runs relatively evenly from northern to southern direction before it ends in the Andaman Sea through the Irrawaddy Delta.

Already in the 6th c. the flow was used for commerce and transportation. After developing an expansive web of watering channels, the flow became important to the British Empire after colonizing Burma. It is still so essential today, as a significant amount of (export) goods and transportation flows across the canal.

The rice is grown in the Irrawaddy Delta, which is watered with riverside ricepack. The Myanmar Army in 2007 concluded a contract for the building of seven hydropower plants with a combined capacity of 13,360 MW in the N'mai and Mali Creeks, which include the 3,600 MW Myitsone Dam at the junction of the two creeks.

Potential affected wildlife includes the critically populated Irrawaddy dolphin and the Irrawaddy freshwater sharks, a critically extinct animal. Kachin tribe called the Kachin valley Mali-Nmai-Hka. Burma's name Irrawaddy is a Pali name for the Ravi Rivers of India, Ir?vat? Irrawaddy River divides Myanmar from Northeast to Sort and flows through the nine-armed Irrawaddy Delta into the Indian Ocean.

Irrawaddy River originates at the junction of the rivers N'mai(Nam Gio) and Mali in the state of Kachin. The N'mai and Mali rivers both find their source in the Himalaya glacier of Upper Burma at 28 N. The east side of the two, N'mai,[9] is the largest and climbs in the Languela glacier just north of Putao.

10 ] It is not navigable due to the heavy currents, while the smaller west side, the Mali-Fluss, is negotiable despite some canals. Therefore, the Mali is still named by the local people with the same name as the major one. Bhamo, about 240 kilometers southwards of the Mali-N'mai junction, is the most northerly of the cities that can be reached by boating all year round, although most of the monsoon can' t be used by boaters.

Under Bhamo, the stream swings keenly west and leaves the Bhamo floodplain pool to cross the second canyon. Approximately 100 kilometers northerly of Mandalay, near Mogok, the stream flows into the third gorge. The course of the Katha-Mandalay rivers is remarkable flat and flows almost southwards, except in the vicinity of Kabwet[13], where a leaf of rock has bent the stream strongly to the west.

The Irrawaddy and its affluents vary widely throughout the year due to the monsoon rainfall that occurs between mid-May and mid-October. Mean runoff near the deltas ranges from a high of 32,600 m3 (1,150,000 cu ft) to a low of 2,300 m3 (81,000 cu ft) per second.

Northwards in Sagaing, the flow line shows a 38% reduction in flow rate in relation to the river's confluence with the deathland. Due to the monsoon nature of the rains, the highest point is in August, the low point in February. was once common in Asia but is no longer known in Burma, but still occurs in the Irrawaddy Rivers.

One of the best known types in the fluvial area is the Irrawaddy whale (Orcaella brevirostris), an euryhalin type of ocean whale with a high and round brow, which has no apex. The Irrawaddy River's north-south course can be divided into various eco-regions. Nmai and Mali brooks, which make up the Irrawaddy, spring from high and isolated hills near the Tibetan-Boundary.

That part of Burma, which stretches just northern of Myitkyina and the Irrawaddy Concentration, is completely outside the tropical. Irrawaddy's catchment area is approximately 255 81 sqkm. 38 ] The central basins consist of the central Irrawaddy and the lower Chindwinleys. Located within the arid area, it is almost exclusively made up of flats overgrown by the teak-dominated Irrawaddy Moist deciduous forest region, which surrounds dryer areas of arid wood.

Antarctic dolphins and migrating animals include the Great Kormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo), a large number of Anatidae, the Coots ( "Fulica atra"), about thirty different migrating bird types, the Bearded Terns (Chlidonias hybrida), the Caspic Ternsull (Hydroprogne caspia) and the Brown-headed Seagull (Larus brunnicephalus), which is very well known.

The Charadrius Mongolius is one of the most abundant hibernating coastal birds. It is a small sandpiper (Charadrius mongolus) that can be found in several thousand groups along the outside coastline of the deltas. Irrawaddy River has five great creeks. 48 ] The streams connecting the Irrawaddy are from N to S: . The Irrawaddy is still the most important trade route in the state.

In spite of Mandalay's location as the most important railway and motorway junction in North Burma, a significant part of people and goods transport flows across the city. The Irrawaddy Delta is one of the largest areas of paddy cultivation in the word, so one of the most important goods in transport is travel. The teakwood - Myanmar is one of the world's leading exporter - is driven across the water as large floats.

The Irrawaddy will continue to provide about 1,300 km of transport from Hinthada to Bhamo (1,080 km) all year round, but from Bhamo to Myitkyina (200 km) for only seven month. The Irrawaddy River Basin has more than 3,200 kilometers of waterway and a system of connection sewer.

Sittang is suitable for smaller craft, but the Salween River is less than 160 km from the ocean due to its canals. The Chindwin River is used for year-round transport by steamship or steamboat to Homalin - about 640 km from the Irrawaddy meet.

Sailing continues to Tamanthi, 92 km above the Homalin water. Chindwin Valley has no railway and is very dependent on the water. Hinthada, near the peak of the deltas, is the railway hub for routes to Kyangin and Bassein (Pathein). The Burmese military regime in May 2007 concluded an accord with China Power Investment Corporation to build seven hydropower plants along the Irrawaddy, Mali and N'Mai Rivers in Kachin State.

Like other large hydroelectric power plant developments, the Myitsone Reservoir will change the hydrologic properties of the stream, e.g.[62] This can adversely impact fertilization as far as the Irrawaddy Delta, Myanmar's main paddy growing area. Passing through or past the following cities: . was reconstructed in 1954 after the war destroyed the 1934 build old Irrawaddy and was the only one until 1998.

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