iquique.cl/] is located in the north of Chile.
sspan class="mw-headline" id="History">History
is a seaport and municipality in the north of Chile, and is the capitol of the province of Iquique and the Tarapacá region. It is also the headquarters of the Greater Iquique. Initially a Peruan town with a large Chilenian populace, it was captured by Chile in the Pacific War (1879-1883).
It is one of only two free harbours in Chile today. Iquique was part of the viceroyalty of Peru during cold periods, just as much of South America was at that period, and stayed part of Perú until the end of the nineteenth cenury. The early evolution of Iquique was largely due to the exploration of rich minerals, in particular the existence of large amounts of natrium citrate in the Atacama Desert (then part of Perú's territory).
Charles Darwin travelled to Iquique on the Beagle in July 1835 and described it as a place "very poor in daily needs such as drinking and burning wood". It has been hit by several quakes, among them the 1868 Arica quake, the 1877 Iquique quake and the 2005 Tarapacá quake.
Iquique 2014 quake happened with a instant size of 8. 2 on April 1, 2014. In 1879, conflicts between Bolivia and Chile led to the Pacific War. Iquique Battle was held on 21 May 1879 in the port of Iquique, today as Navy Day, an anniversary in Chile.
As a result of the conflict, Chile gave up this part of the Peruvian area. In the course of the years there was a strong migration from other parts of Chile to this area, which was designated as Norte Grande. During the following years the further export of saltpetre from Chile (mainly to Europe ) contributed considerably to the town' s growth, attracted aliens and led to fast growing residentialisation.
The town was hit by the Santa María de Iquique massacre in December 1907, when the Chilean army, under the leadership of General Roberto Silva Renard, opened fire on hundreds of saltpetre workers and their women and sons who gathered at the Santa María school. Quilapayún folklore group released an albums in 1970 in memory of the occasion (Cantata Santa María de Iquique).
Before Iquique became part of Chile, it was home to some of Peru's greatest protagonists, Alfonso Ugarte (elected mayor in 1876), Ramon Zavala, a wealthy saltpetre-maker; he was the first to be appointed mayor of Peru in 1876; Later Guillermo Billinghurst, Peru's presiding officer (who came to Iquique in 1914 after the fall - at that time already under Chilenian domination - to survive his last years), and Ramon Castilla, three-time Peru's presiding officer, who was borne in San Lorenzo de Tarapacá and die in the desert of Tiviliche, Tarapacá, who in 1825 was living in Iquique during his term as governor of Tarapacá.
In Chile's constituencies, Iquique is also represented in the Chamber of Deputies by Ms Marta Isasi (Ind.) and Mr Hugo Gutiérrez (PC) as part of the 2. region, which covers the whole of the Tarapacá region. Fulvio Rossi Ciocca (PS) and Jaime Orpis Bouchon (UDI) represent the municipality in the Senate as part of the First Senate Circle (Arica and Parinacota Region and Tarapacá Region).
In Iquique, there is one of the biggest duty-free trading ports in South America, the Zona Franca of Iquique (Free Zones of Iquique), traditional named Zofri. In Iquique, too, there is an important industrial sector, especially Quebrada Blanca, Cerro Colorado and Doña Inés de Collahuasí. panorama on Iquique.
The 2002 National Statistics Institute (INE) survey showed that the municipality of Iquique had an area of 2,835 square kilometres. Thereof 214,586 (99.2%) were living in metropolitan areas and 1,833 (0.9%) in the countryside. Iquique is home to 56% of the Tarapacá region's people. Unique geographic location in the Tarapaca area.
It has a unique temperate dessert environment (Köppen BWn) with low temperature all year round and almost no rain. There are flights to Iquique from Diego Aracena International Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional Diego Aracena) (IATA: IQQ, ICAO: SCDA). The Iquique is the home of the Deportes Iquique soccer club. Iquique Santo Tomas University Campsite.
The Iquique Skate Park. Commons Wikimedia has related news about Iquique.