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of Ioannina ( Greek: ???????? [i. o?anina] (list)), in Greece often referred to as Yannena (????????[??anena]), is the capitol and biggest town of the local unity of Ioannina and Epirus, an administration district in northwestern Greece. The number of inhabitants is 112,486, according to the 2011 nationwideensus. The Ioannina is situated 410 km from Athens to the north-west, 260 km from Thessaloniki to the south-west and 80 km from the harbour of Igoumenitsa in the Ionian Sea.
Later on Ioannina blossomed in the 15th century (13th to 15th century). In 1430 Ioannina succumbed to the Ottomans and was until 1868 the administration centre of the Paschalik of Yanina. It was an important centre of Greek enlightenment between the eighteenth and nineteenth century. 2 ] Ioannina was transferred to Greece in 1913 after the Balkan wars.
There are two clinics in the town, the General Hospital of Ioannina "G. Hatzikosta" and the University Hospital of Ioannina. This is also the site of the University of Ioannina and several divisions of the ?echnological Educational Institute of Epirus, whose head office is in Arta. Ioannina is the official and historic name, while the common and common ?annena or ?annina (Greek: ????????, ????????) is the popular version of the Greek language.
Only in 879 does the name Ioannina appear for the first moment in the documents of the Fourth Council of Constantinople, which relate to a Zacharias, bishop of Ioannine, a suffragan of Naupaktos. Greek archeologist K. Tsoures dating the battlements of Byzantium and the northeast stronghold of Ioannina Castle to the tenth centuries, with supplements in the latter eleventh centuries, among them the southeast stronghold historically attributed to the short-lived Norman conquest of the town under the Bohemond of Taranto in 1082.
After the Fourth Crusade, the agreement on the division of the territory of Byzantium gave Ioannina a promise to the Venetians, but in this case it became part of the new state of Epirus, established by Michael I Komnenos Doukas. In spite of friction with the locals, who tried to deport the fugitives in 1232, they were finally successfully resettled and Ioannina grew in size as well as in importance economically and politically.
After the battle of Pelagonia in 1259, much of Epirus was invaded by the Nicaea Empire and Ioannina was besieged. Soon however, the Epirote emperor Michael II Komnenos Doukas, with the support of his younger Son John I Doukas, succeeded in recovering Arta's assets and exonerating Ioannina, thus driving the Nikaner out of Epirus.
Ioannina soon passed to the Serbian emperor Stephen Dushan and stayed part of the Serbian empire until 1356, when Dushan's half-brother Simeon Uro? was expelled by Nikephoros II Orsini. but Ioannina was not taken prisoner. 1366/67, after recovering Epirus and Thessaly, Simeon Uro? named his son-in-law Thomas II. Preljubovi? as the new sovereign of Ioannina.
While Thomas turned out to be a profoundly disliked sovereign, he fended off consecutive efforts by ethnic Albanians, among them a surprising assault in 1379, the collapse of which the Ioannites traced back to the interventions of their protector Michael. In 1384, after Thomas' assassination, the people of Ioannina proposed their town of Esau de' Buondelmonti, which Thomas' dowager Maria marries.
1389 Ioannina was sieged by John Bua Spata, and only with the help of an Ottoman military Esau was able to fight off the Albanians. In spite of the continuing Ottoman Expansion and the conflict between Turks and Albanians near Ioannina, Esau succeeded in securing a time of rest for the town, especially after his second wedding with Spata's daugther Irene at
After Esau's deaths in 1411, the Ioannites summoned the Count of Kephalonia and Zakynthos, Carlo I. Tocco, who had already extended his rule to Epirus for ten years, as new sovereign. When Ioannina became the summers capitol of the Tocco domain, Carlo I passed away there in July 1429.
1430 an Ottoman military arrived before Ioannina, newly from the captivity of Thessaloniki. During Ottoman domination Ioannina stayed an administration center as the headquarters of the Sanjak of Ioannina and lived through a era of comparative solidity and wealth. Dionysius's past achievements were dependent on the surprising elements, so the town' s Greeks were not aware of the intention of the battles.
In 1618, Aslan Pasha built the Aslan Pasha Mosque in its place, which today houses the Ioannina Municipal Ethnographic Museum. According to his estimates, the total number of herds was 4,000. In spite of the oppression and conversion in the seventeenth centuries and the importance of the Moslem people in the matters of the town, Ioannina maintained its Catholic predominance throughout Ottoman domination, and the Greeks maintained a predominant role; Turkish was used by Ottoman civil servants and the military forces, and the Albanians used Albanian, but the lingua franca and mother tongue of most residents was Greeks, even Tourkoyanniotes, and was sometimes used by the Ottoman government itself.
Ioannina was a flourishing town in the last part of the seventeenth centuries in terms of populations and commerce. 33 ] The residents carried on their trading and craft operations, which enabled them to deal with important trading centres in Europe such as Venice and Livorno, where traders from Ioannina founded trading and bank centres.
Also the ioannite díaspora was cultural active: In Venice, Nikolaos Glykys (1670), Nikolaos Sarros (1687) and Dimitrios Theodosiou (1755) founded privately owned printers in charge of over 1,600 issues of Ottoman distribution in Greece, and Ioannina was the center through which these volumes were directed to Greece.
They were important historic, epistemological and scholarly works, among them an albums of Zosimades' own finances, as well as works for use in the school of Ioannina such as the Arithmetica of Balanos Vasilopoulos and medicinal works. The man from Tepelenë cultivated close relationships with the most important contemporary Europeans, and his farm became a magnet for many of the troubled spirits who became the main actors of the Greek Revolution (Georgios Karaiskakis, Odysseas Androutsos, Markos Botsaris and others).
Though Ali Pasha perpetrated a series of acts of atrocity against the people of Ioannina, which culminated in men sacking locally recruited and drowned in the lake nearby, this era of his reign coincided with the city's greatest economical and spiritual wealth.
Ali Pasha's attempts to detach himself from the lofty porte alerted the Ottoman authorities, and in 1820 (the year before the Greek War of Independence) he was found guilty of betrayal, and Ioannina was sieged by Turk forces. Zosimaia was the first important education institution founded after the eruption of the Greek War of Independence (1828).
39] It was a school for free art (Greek, philosophy and foreign languages). A large part of Ioannina was devastated by fire in 1869. Foreign based community of villagers from Ioannina financed the building of most of the town' s church, school and other stylish public utility facilities.
Ottoman Empire's first Ottoman Empire institution, the Ottoman Banque, opened its first Greek office [in need of clarification] in Ioannina, demonstrating the city's strength in global commerce in the nineteenth cenury. Towards the end of the nineteenth centuries, there were indications of widespread political activity in some parts of the urban area.
Thus, in 1877, the ethnic leaders of Albania sent a note to the Ottoman authorities calling, among other things, for the creation of ethnic linguistic colleges in Albania and various Muslim Albanians of the Vilayet, and founded a commission in Ioannina to defend ethnic right. 40 ] The people of Greece in the area authorised a commission to communicate to the EU authorities their wish to unite with Greece, and Dimitrios Chasiotis subsequently issued a note in Paris in 1879.
The Ottoman National Census of 1881/1893 showed that the town and its surroundings (the Sanjak of Ioannina Cassa Central) had a total of 4,759 Muslims, 77,258 Orthodox (including Greeks and Albanians), 3,334 Jews and 207 foreigners. In fact, even the town' s celebrity Moslem households chose to direct their offspring to mature facilities in Greece, especially the Zosimaia.
Consequently, the predominance of the Greeks remained in the city: the protocol of the municipal government was kept in Greeks, and the offical Vilayet paper, founded in 1868, was bi-lingual in Turks and Greeks. However, the defence of Greece in Kalpaki repulsed the attacking Italians. As early as April 1941, Ioannina was intensely attacked by the Germans during talks leading to the surrender of the Greeks military.
Ioannina University was founded in 1970, when the city's universities were part of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. Panayiotis Aravantinos, a native of Greece, says that a monastery ruined in the eighteenth centuries carried an epigraph dating back to its founding at the end of the nineteenth centuries A.D. The present monastery is situated in the old walled part of the town known as "Kastro", at 16 Ioustinianou St., in the middle of the town.
Ioanniote Jews murdered in the Holocaust have their identities carved in stones on the wall of the temple. The Ioannina is situated at an altitude of about 500 meters (1,640 feet) above sealevel, on the west bank of Pamvotis See (????????). Situated within the town of Ioannina, it is the capitol of the autonomous area of Ioannina and the Epirus area.
The Ioannina is situated 450 km north-west of Athens, 290 km south-west of Thessaloniki and 80 km eastern of the harbour of Igoumenitsa in the Ionian Sea. Inhabitants of the municipality of Ioannina. Demographic counts, 1981-2011. Ioannina' s most remarkable attraction is the populated Pamvotis lake islet, which is known as the Isoannina islet.
Veli Pasha's Madrasah and mosque are located centrally in the city, and the Kaloutsiani Madrasah is situated in the area of the same name. 72 ] The now dilapidated "Archbishop's House" near the football-stadion is the only old manor house that survive the fire of 1820.
73 ] Some of the remarkable sights in the center of the town also date from the later Ottoman age. Ioannina' s urban clock tower, built by the town' s Periklis Meliritos architects, was built in 1905 to mark the jubilee of Abdul Hamid II, and the adjoining VIII Division head office was built in the end of the nineteenth and early nineteenth centuries.
74 ] Some neo-classical structures such as the post offices, the old Zosimaia school, the Papazogleios weaving school and the former trade school date from the later Ottoman era, as do some arches in the city's old trade center such as Stoa Louli and Stoa Liampei. Universidad de Ioannina (Greek: ???????????? ?????????, Panepistimio Ioanninon) is a college situated 5 km south-west of Ioannina, Greece.
In 1964, the Aristotle Universität Thessaloniki established the campus as an autonomous institution of the Aristotle Universität Thessaloniki. In 1970, it became an autonomous school. This is a fully self-managed public institution belonging to the technology field of Greek tertiary education. Headquartered in Arta, it has its headquarters and administration center, with departments in Ioannina, Preveza and Igoumenitsa.
Ioannina has the Faculty of Health and Social Professions of the Institute. The Ioannina is known throughout Greece for its silverware, with a large number of stores that sell jewellery, bronze and ornamental objects (serving tray, replicas of signs and sabers, etc.). Ioannina is a well-known area for the manufacture of Feta cheeses.
Apsaras, Michael, who was a nobleman from the fourteenth centuries. Joseph Elijia (1901-1931), Jew poetic poet of Greece. He was Vasileios Goudas (1779-1845), warrior of the War of Independence. Ioannidis ( 1965 ), doctor and Epidemiologist. Psalidas Athanasios (1767-1829), a learned man who was one of the leading figures in contemporary Greece's Enlightenment. Nicolaos Sarros (1617-1697), editor, proprietor of one of the first Greeks printers in Venice.
Vilaras Ioannis (1771-1823), writer and scientist. The Ioannina is home to a large sporting club named PAS Giannina. It is an inspirational source for many old and new supporter of the entire Epirus area, also outside Ioannina. Also in Ioannina boating is very much appreciated; the sea has housed several important cultural activities and is the location for part of the Greek Championship.
The Ioannina National Airport serves Ioannina. Egnatia Odo's motorway, part of the E90, goes past Ioannina. Since 2007, Air Sea Lines has discontinued its services from Corfu to Ioannina. Intercity busses (KTEL) run to Athens (6-6.5 hours) and Thessaloniki (3 hours) every day. Ioannina' is a partner: Uh... (in Greek).
Brought back on 26 March 2013. "Lieux de Pouvoir to Lieux de Mémoire: The monuments of the medieval castle of Ioannina through the centuries". <font color="#c400c4">(newscaster) PLUS-Pisa University Press. p. 188. "Ioannina Basin after the Roman conquest. At Liampi, K.; Papaevangelou-Genakos, C.; Zachos, K.; Dousougli, A.; Iakovidou, A. Numismatic history and economy in Epirus during antiquity (in Greek).
Coin history and economy of Epirus in antiquity (University of Ioannina, 3 to 7 October 2007). pp. jumps up to: a p d p ?????? ?????????: ????????? (in Greek). Ministry of Culture of Greece. Returned May 14, 2014. Edizioni Plus - Paradise University Press. p. 132. "Refugees, Mixed Population and Territorial Patriotism in Epiros and Western Macedonia after the Fourth Crusade".
Brought back on October 21, 2010. PRINCESSON University Press. p. 41. Brought back on October 18, 2010. European University Press. p. 348. Greece's air traffic was used in Epirus until the arrest of Jannina on 21 February 1913. "Subsequent exchanges between Greece and Turkey have eliminated all those of Turkic descent, leaving only about twenty Moslem ethnic descendants by 1940.
By 1973, only eight Muslims were left, who lived together in an old building in the center of Ioannina. Brought back on October 18, 2010. "The story of a two-thousand-year-old Jewish community in Ioannina, Greece: Spring up ^ Ioannina, Cadmus Press, Philadelphia, 1990; p. 47.
Ioannina, Greece. Withdrawn 2013-03-26. Leap up ^ "Population and residential unit count 2001 (incl. area and mean height)" (PDF) (in Greek). Withdrawn 2013-03-26. Returned on December 6, 2017. Returned on December 6, 2017. Returned on December 6, 2017. Returned on December 6, 2017. Returned on December 6, 2017. Hop up ^ "Jewish Synagogue | Travel Ioannina". www.travelioannina.com.
Tourist Department of the town of Ioannina. Returned on December 6, 2017. Returned on December 6, 2017. Tourist Department of the town of Ioannina. Returned on December 5, 2017. Tourist Department of the town of Ioannina. Returned on December 5, 2017. Tourist Department of the town of Ioannina. Returned on December 5, 2017. Hop up ^ "The Clock Tower Travel Ioannina". www.travelioannina.com.
Tourist Department of the town of Ioannina. Returned on December 5, 2017. Hop up ^ "The Building of the VIII Merarchia Ioannina". www.travelioannina.com. Tourist Department of the town of Ioannina. Returned on December 5, 2017. Skip up ^ "Architecture | Travel Ioannina". www.travelioannina.com. Bounced 2017-12-05. Skip up ^ "Municipal Ethnographic Museum of Ioannina | Travel Ioannina". www.travelioannina.com.
Returned on December 8, 2017. Returned on December 8, 2017. Returned on December 8, 2017. Returned on December 8, 2017. Skip up ^ "Municipal Art Gallery of Ioannina | Travel Ioannina". www.travelioannina.com. Returned on December 8, 2017. Returned on December 8, 2017. University of Ioannina - History. The University of Ioannina. Retracted 2016-02-03. Climb to ^ "CWTS Leiden Ranking 2013 - University of Ioannina".
Center for Science and Technology Studies at Leiden Technical School. Retracted 2016-02-03. Leap Up ^ Rankings. ch (SERI) 2015 - Universidad de Ioannina Retracted 2016-02-03. Skip up ^ "Ranking of academic divisions with the average index h". Returned on March 5, 2012. "Ancient Greek Songs in the New Land 1923-1950 (Review)".
Returned on January 21, 2011. of EKEBI (in Greek). The National Book Center of Greece. Founding father was 1619 in Ioannina and in 1647 in Venice he went to Micha?l Stamatelatos, Ph?tein? Vamva-Stamatelatou, platform up.
Lemesos (Limassol) municipality. Bounced 2013-07-29. The University of Michigan Press. "Ioannina." This is Oxford University Press. p. 1006. This is Cambridge University Press. ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????????, ??????? ????????? (in Greek). Epirus, 4000 years of ancient Greece and civilisation. Commons Wikimedia has related Ioannina to the medium. Vikivoyage has a guidebook for Ioannina. Ioannina, the valley of communities in Yad Vashem, on the website of Yad Vashem.