Interdegree studies (also called "interdegree education" or "IPE") refer to opportunities where people from two or more healthcare and welfare occupations study together during all or part of their vocational studies with the aim of promoting cooperative practice in order to ensure customer- or patient-oriented healthcare. Intraprofessional teaching includes both studying with other professionals and studying with other professionals, for example in the teaching profession, and studying about other occupations.
Intraprofessional study and teachings can take place at an academical establishment, but also on a regular basis in working settings where the student gains hands-on and application experiences. The associated concepts are "multi-professional education", "joint learning", "joint learning" and "interdisciplinary learning". "Unlike multi-professional training, inter-professional training is a form of interaction based on teamwork.
Its main application areas are healthcare and welfare, where a collaboration and patient-centered approach will enhance the efficiency of healthcare and the well-being of healthcare and welfare people. We have a discussion about the efficiency of inter-professional training in facilitating teamwork.
Recognising the importance of promoting inter-university learning as one of the innovations that can help address the challenges facing the world' s healthcare system, the World Organisation for Public Health (WHO) set up a WHO Study Group on Inter-university Learning and Collaborative Practice in 2007 to provide a better appreciation of this topic in a broader international setting.
Its task was to advise Member States on how to use inter-professional cooperation to increase the number of healthcare workers and make them more adaptable so that they could meet the needs of their communities in an efficient and effective way while maximising uptake. WHO study group involved several different stakeholders and implemented a work programme culminating in the WHO Action Plan on Intermediate Education and Collaborative Practice in March 2010.
This framework emphasises the state of the art in inter-professional cooperation around the globe, points out the mechanism for effective cooperative team work and sets out a number of measures that policy makers can use in their own healthcare systems. This provides policies and concepts that can help healthcare policy makers to put into effect the most advantageous aspects of inter-professional training and cooperative practices in their own jurisdictions.
WHO's study group comprised nearly 30 top educational, practical and political specialists from all regions of the globe. The overall management was assumed by the co-chairs Prof. John HV Gilbert (University of British Columbia & Canadian Interprofessional Health Collaborative) and Dr. Jean Yan (World Health Organization) and a secretary under the direction of Steven J. Hoffman (World Health Organization).
As a result, a progress study describes the need to respond to changes in (university) training and hospital settings in order to establish and ensure inter professional cooperation. In 2012, a global committee was set up to oversee the All Together Better Health (ATBH) meetings, which take place every two years and span the worldwide alliances.
This World Committee's governance was reorganized in 2015 with Prof. Andre Vyt as its first Chairman. Inter-professional training (IPE) is becoming an increasing part of the US healthcare syllabus. While IPE programmes have been in place at various colleges since the 1960', inter-professional educational programmes are expanding as they are seen more and more as a means of minimising mistakes in medicine and enhancing the healthcare system.
4 ] The following faculties of medicine currently have inter-professional programmes as part of their curriculum: VA's Office of Academic Affiliations (OAA) has the legal mandate "To Educate for VA and the Nation" and runs initial and continuing professional development programmes for university and healthcare professionals (https://www.va.gov/oaa/oaa_mission.asp). Acknowledging the importance of inter-professional learning, OAA has set up a series of actions to promote inter-professional learning infrastructures in VA.
The Centers of Excellence in Primary Care Training, founded in 2010, were developed in collaboration with the Academic Affiliate Partner of the VA in order "to promote the transformational nature of primary healthcare training by training medical program alumni to work in and manage patient-centered interdisciplinary nursing staff.
You can find an example of some of these works in "Centers of Excellence in Primary Care Education": Inter-professional teamwork lessons in training and the world of work 2011-2016" https://www.va.gov/OAA/docs/VACaseStudiesCoEPCE.pdf. Center for the Promotion of Inter-professional Training (CAIPE), 1997. Inter-professional training - a defining factor. World Health Organization, 2007.
The World Health Organization Study Group on Intraprofessional Training and Collaborative Practices, eingesehen am 15. April 2011. World Health Organization, 2010. A framework for inter-professional training and collaboration. Kathryn Roethel (March 19, 2012). U.S. News & World Report. Released April 5, 2012. The Patients' Rights Alliance (9 April 2012).
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