Interactive MyanmarMyanmar interactive
Human Rights Council conducts interactive dialog with the High Commissioner for Human Rights on the state of Myanmar
Earlier this evening the UNHRC had an interactive dialog with the United Nations High Commissioner for human Rights Zeid Ra'ad Al Hussein on the Rohingya's position on it. He also listened to a presentation on Burundi and Georgia by the Deputy High Commissioner for human Rights, Kate Gilmore. In presenting his speech, the High Commissioner said that Myanmar had in recent months contested claims that its police had conducted an ethnical purge operation that had led over 700,000 Rohingyas to escape to Bangladesh since August 2017.
In order to guarantee a reliable inquiry, the High Commissioner called on the Government of Myanmar to immediately give Yanghee Lee, the Special Rapporteur on the State of Myanmar's Human Rights, immediate assistance. It called on the Security Council to bring Myanmar to the ICC and asked the UNHRC to advise the General Assembly to establish a new non-partisan and autonomous internal structure to complement the fact-finding missions.
Myanmar, as the affected state, said that many of the claims in the High Commissioner's speech were erroneous, false and deceptive, leading to sensations that exacerbated the whole picture. It was a highly complicated issue, involving terror, the constitutional state, illicit immigration and other elements. Terror group Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army had perpetrated horrible and appalling deeds.
Burma was concerned that the High Commissioner had not mentioned these horrors. Burma did its best to return the refugees as quickly as possible. It would be best if the multinational fellowship could help by objective comprehension of the current state of affairs and support for long-term reconstruction and sustainable socio-economic growth in the state of Rakhine.
Through interactive dialog, the participants voiced their concerns about the worsening state of affairs and regretted the wide-spread and systemic attack on the Rohingya people. Presenters urged the government to put an immediate end to the violent acts and to guarantee responsibility. Ministers also demanded immediate contact with aid agencies and stressed the need for returning home those who have been internally displaced. 2.
Encouraging the Government of Myanmar to cooperate with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, they reaffirmed the High Commissioner's call for the creation of an international accounting mechanism. Ministers also welcomed the recent signature of the Memorandum of Understanding between Myanmar and the United Nations, which gave rise to hopes and called on Myanmar to honour its obligations.
The Maarij Foundation for Peace and Development ; Human Rights Now ; Minority Rights Group International ; Commission internationale de juristes ; Amnesty International ; Christian Solidarity Worldwide ; Asian Forum for Human Rights and Development Forum-Asia und Human Rights Watch. Subsequently, the Council was briefed by Deputy High Commissioner for Human Rights, Kate Gilmore, on verbal updatings on Burundi under point 2 of the High Commissioner's General Affairs and on Georgia under point 10 on providing political support and strengthening capacities.
Mrs Gilmore said that the humanitarian conditions in Burundi had deteriorated further. Bourgeois limitations and suggested amendments to the constitution had caused a multitude of problems with people. Burundi's government did not cooperate in implementing UNSCR 36/2 by annulling the visa of professionals sent to the state.
On Georgia, Ms Gilmore warmly welcomes the advances made in the adoption of laws to establish a mechanisms to investigation allegations of non-compliance by prosecution services and policies to tackle the problem of gender-based crime. He relied on his partnerships with the public administration and civic circles to further address these questions. However, it regretted that the High Commissioner's failure to implement this motion was characterised by a failure of openness and teamwork.
Georgia, as the affected state, said that the occupation forces and their regimes had once again refused the office of High Commissioner entry to the Georgia region of Abkhazia and Tskhinvali/South Ossetia, totally ignoring the Council resolutions on co-operation with Georgia. Georgia's government had launched a new peacemaking effort to ease cross-border trafficking and increase opportunities for Abkhazia and Tskhinvali.
Without impartial intergovernmental surveillance, however, the position would only deteriorate and immediate entry to the office of High Commissioner had to be guaranteed. On Thursday 5 July at 9.00 a.m., the Council will have general discussions on items 2 on the High Commissioner's General Affairs and 10 on providing financial support and strengthening it.
The President of the UNHRC, VOJISLAV ?UC, said that in Council Res. S-27/1 adopted at the 27th Extraordinary Council meeting, the Council asked the High Commissioner to monitor developments regarding the humanitarian status of the Rohingya population and to bring the Council up to date orally.
The High Commissioner for Human Rights, ZEID RA'AD AL HUSSEIN, said Myanmar has in recent month contested claims that its police have participated in an ethnical purge that has led over 700,000 Rohingyas to escape to Bangladesh since August 2017.
Myanmar and Bangladesh concluded an Accord on the Settlement of Repatriations in January and the Memorandum of Understanding was initialled in May between the Government of Myanmar, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and the United Nations Development Programme to support Bangladesh's repatriations and to provide favourable terms for them.
A commission of inquiry has been set up to inquire into breaches of the law. Nevertheless, not a Rohingya fugitive had come back under the official frame. As Rohingya displaced millions of people have fled the state of Rakhine, and since mid-June there have been 11,432 new immigrants in Bangladesh. They described force, prosecution and murders in an interview with the Office of the High Commissioner.
Burma has said on several occasions that the cause of the crises was the supposed assault by the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army on several policing stations. That was deceptive, since the pursuit of Rohingya began much sooner. At least since 1978, the associated erosion of Rohingya's juridical status and human and environmental protection laws has become more intense.
The Rohingya had to give the country registry documents they had had since 1951 in 1989 in return for the nationality control documents they had never received. For the Rohingya, the latest type of documentary evidence requested was the Rohingya Nazi test map, which did not give nationality. A large number of returnees questioned by the Office of the High Commissioner said that intolerable pressures had been put on them to do so.
Myanmar's honesty towards the return of refugees would not be judged by the number of treaties that have been concluded, but by the fact that Rohingya is a citizen with the same privileges as other people. Granting nationality to some 120 000 IDPs would be a sign of real will. Burma had a model of investigatory whitewash, even after the 2012 and 2016 fires.
A further in-house enquiry would once again euphemise horrific crime. In order to guarantee a reliable enquiry, the Yanghee Lee government, Special Rapporteur on the State of Myanmar's Humane Right, had to give immediate permission. It called on the Security Council to bring Myanmar to the ICC and asked the UNHRC to advise the General Assembly to establish a new non-partisan and autonomous global monitoring system to complement the fact-finding missions.
It would also provide a context for the re-integration of the Rohingya, who should be involved in the discussion of their own futures. Failure to describe the Rohingya as such, even in the Council's formal papers, added irreverence to the infringements they had undergone. The Myanmar declaration, which spoke as the affected state, said that the search for a lasting settlement to the Rakhine problem was one of the government's top-priority.
Whilst the north of Rakhine was the centre of interest internationally, the story was unfortunately imperfect and deceptive. Unconfirmed claims had been brought forward as facts, leading to sensations that worsened the whole picture. Burma noted that many points in the High Commissioner's speech were inaccurate.
Burma had been prepared to welcome the authenticated repatriates since January 2018 and was still waiting for the formal announcement from Bangladesh. Things in Rakhine state, especially in the north of Rakhine, were highly complicated. This was a huge scale issue, covering questions of diplomacy, regional integration, terror, the constitutional state, respect for man and legal migrants.
In the aftermath of the assaults by the terror group of the German armed forces in the township of Maungtaw on the outskirts of the township in August 2017, the safety of the area in the north of Rakhine had worsened considerably. Burma was concerned that the High Commissioner did not refer to such a horrific act of terrorism in his speech.
At the beginning of the rainy period, the human rights situations in the refugee and refugee camps would become serious. Burma did everything it could to bring back the authenticated refugees as quickly as possible to prevent another human catastrophe. It would be best if the multinational fellowship could help by objective comprehension of the current state of affairs and support for long-term reconstruction and sustainable socio-economic growth in the state of Rakhine.
The European Union said that information provided by United Nations agencies indicated a wide-spread and systemic assault against the Rohingya Fellowship and assaults by militants. In the light of infringements and inadequate accessibility for elected officials, the European Union has asked how remedies can be provided for the victim.
Pakistan, on the name of the Organization for Islamic Cooperation, noted that despite the existence of two-way reparations agreement, not a word of Rohingya was permitted to returne. Myanmar's recent Memorandum of Understanding with the United Nations provided a source of trust, and Myanmar must honour its obligations. Burma has been urged to allow unimpeded entry to United Nations organisations.
Myanmar's Maldive Islands said reports of serious violation of Myanmar's humanitarian law could not be ignored. Burma must grant the state of Rakhine full and unhindered entry to the United Nations facilities. The Qatar authorities are concerned about the worsening of the Rohingya in Myanmar. It is imperative that the government put an end to these acts of force and conduct a dialog to promote tranquillity and stabilization.
It was the government's duty to defend Rohingyas. The Finnish question was how the multinational fellowship could help to secure liability for breaches of fundamental freedoms. In Myanmar, Pakistan noted that refusal of UNHCR continues to restrict humane grass-roots grass-roots support for Rohingya. Pakistan, a refugee nation for many years, acknowledged Bangladesh's effort to provide protection to Rohingya and called on the global fellowship to provide more aid.
The Jordanian authorities asked the Government of Myanmar to cooperate with the Office of the High Commissioner. Concerns have been expressed about barbarous assassinations and tortures that constitute breaches of public order and lead to the expulsion of ten thousand Rohingya. Lebya greeted the Secretary-General's nomination of the new Special Envoy for Myanmar.
The Rohingya Muslims were subjected to torture, murder and violence against their wives, while the entire world remains quiet. This horrific level of violence was recorded in the document, which points to the presence of ten thousand Rohingya refugee wives who became pregant as a result of the military's systemic warfare. The focus in Kuwait was on alleviating the deteriorating human rights conditions in Rakhine State, where 120,000 people had escaped.
Kuwait has chaired the donors' conference since October last year and, as a member of the Security Council, insisted on making the Rohingya question a topprioritisation. In co-sponsoring the High Commissioner's monitoring of developments, the Belgian delegation took note of his call for the establishment of an internal accounting system.
In what way could the Return Memorandum of Understanding be implemented transparently while safeguarding respect for fundamental freedoms? Myanmar has asked Switzerland to normalise its relationship with all aspects of people. She was horrified by the serious breaches and infringements of fundamental freedoms which made it necessary to set up an independent commission of inquiry.
To ensure a secure, volunteer and worthy repatriation, it was essential to allow the country to gain contact with human rights organisations. The Japanese noted the importance of meeting the human needs of the Rohingya refugees during the wet seasons. He hoped Myanmar would work faster and saw the creation of an independent commission of inquiry by Myanmar as a good one.
The French said the Burma affair was not getting any better and was not just a relief effort. Mr Rohingyas was still exposed to serious breaches of international law in Burma. Clarifying the breaches of the law and restoring philanthropic aid to those in need was vital. There was grave concern in Iraq about the violation of people' s freedoms and the Rohingya crime.
We regretted that this fellowship remained exposed to race, religion and other forms of discriminatory practices. None of the IDPs were able to go home last year. Concerns about the humanitarian conditions in Myanmar have come as a deep shock to Denmark at the horrors of Burma's Burmese police force that resulted in the flight of over 700,000 escapees to Bangladesh.
The Council strongly encouraged Myanmar to invite the Special Rapporteur without further delay to attend and commended the creation by Myanmar of an independent commission of inquiry. The Australians were ready to work with Myanmar to provide a framework for the secure, volunteer and worthy returns of all Rohingya. The Spanish authorities noted with alarm that there were still breaches and infringements of fundamental freedoms in the State of Rakhine.
The Rohingya kids who had to escape their homes were particularly susceptible to atrocities. Refugee returns must be secure, optional and in accordance with public international laws. The Netherlands said that the Rohingya had been suffering from a long record of systemic violation of fundamental freedoms. UN agencies had denounced breaches of Myanmar's basic principles of democracy, civil liberties and respect for fundamental freedoms.
There is a need for the government to take action to persecute those who violate and violate fundamental freedoms. They asked how the Netherlands could help to avoid amnesty. The continued aftermath of the Myanmar relief effort, Tunisia said, was sufficient cause for the UNHRC to give priority to this issue. It is imperative that the multinational corporation take concrete action to compel the Myanmar government to defend its own nation and examine all atrocities.
Burma must make the repatriation of Rohingyas to the state of Rakhine easier in a secure and worthy manner. The Indonesian government took cognisance of the National Independent Commission of Inquiry and called on the government to take steps against those who violate inequities. Cox' Bazar refugee numbers were worrying. The Malaysian government has been supporting Myanmar's current effort to find durable responses to the Rohingya community's needs.
Myanmar needs the Humanitarian Council to work in a constructive manner. Canadians said much remains to be done to safeguard the Rohingya community's prerogatives. The Canadian authorities asked what action could be taken to assist in the follow-up to the High Commissioner's upcoming recommendation. Bangladesh's challenge was recognised and Azerbaijan was in sympathy with the Bangladeshi tribe that had protected the expelled Rohingya.
In spite of Myanmar's many obligations, the Rohingya communities were looted, their land seized and the United Nations was not admitted. The United Kingdom said it has helped to contribute 129 million to the Rohingya disaster since August 2017 and is committed to the secure and volunteer repatriation of migrants. What could the global fellowship do to help the domestic accounts pay?
The Swedish authorities said that the extraordinary meeting on the Rakhine state was conducted while the flight of several hundred thousand refugees was at the heart of worldwide publicity. Misdemeanours against mankind had been perpetrated and reference to the International Criminal Court had to be mooted. It was dismayed to learn that the circumstances in Myanmar were not favourable to the return.
Besides the Bangladeshi migrants, the volunteer returns of IDPs had to be accelerated, among them 120,000 Rohingya. The Egyptians followed with great alarm the developments in the Rakhine state and strongly denounced the violent breach. The Council urged the Government of Myanmar to stop the fighting immediately, bring the culprits to justice and secure the refugee returns.
The Saudi Arabia strongly denounced all breaches of international law and the lack of adequate means of accessing international assistance. The Rohingya minorities have been subject to such discriminations on ethical, religion and race grounds was unfortunate. He urged the government to take measures to tackle the causes of Rohingya discriminations and to allow them to safely go back.
The Lebanon welcomed the appointment of the Special Envoy to Myanmar by the Secretary General during the seventy-second meeting of the General Assembly. He welcomed Bangladesh's effort, endorsed Rohingya's right to go home and urged Myanmar to honour the terms of the treaty that had been ratified. It was very unfortunate, Iran said, that many of the Rohingya homes that had escaped horrors had been burnt and strongly denounced the Rohigya Muslims' systemic aggression.
Iran' s Red Cross and society had sent Rohingya tribes foods, relief and health care for them. The Iran called on the government of Myanmar to put an immediate end to the war. The Maarij Foundation for Peace and Development said it followed with disquiet the act of imprisonment, expulsion and denial of the basic humanitarian freedoms of the Rohingya population.
More than 700,000 Rohingya had escaped to Bangladesh. He urged the Myanmar government to end the oppression and declared that the acts were noisier. The Human Rights Now said that the interviewees had covered systemic violation, acts of sexually assault against a woman and child and torture among the outrages. The cessation of immunity from punishment through accountsability for these offences was an important stage in the Rohingya's secure repatriation.
The Minority Rigths Group International said the dispute has worsened in the states of Kachin and Shan. These areas were used by the civilian as protection for humans, and the army had fired indiscriminately. In addition, the government has evaded responsibility for its action against the Rohingya people. The International Commission of Jurists emphasized that Myanmar is obliged to examine and pursue breaches of international humanitarian law.
Fairness must not be further slowed down, there must be the establishment of internationally accountable machinery and discrimination against Myanmar's legislation. Violation of people' s freedoms was the cause of the philanthropic crises. Since last August, Amnesty said the army has murdered tens of thousands, been raping wives and children and burned them.
It called on the UN Council of Ministers to endorse the immediate reference of the case to the International Criminal Court by the UN Security Council. Mr Christian Solidarity Worldwide said the Rakhine disaster has worsened quickly and dramatically as tens of thousands trafficked civil servants have escaped systematically violating people. The Rohingya attacked an organized camp to pursue the Rohingya people and make them stateess.
There is a need for the world to encourage the voice of restraint and to work for it. Asia Forum on Humankind and Development - Asia said it interrogated Rohingyas on the run off Myanmar and got first-hand reports of atrocities. Rohringya trafficked woman and child in shelters were at great danger of becoming a victim of people traffick.
The Rohingya crises continues undiminished, Human Rights Watch said. About 500,000 Rohingya stayed in the state of Rakhine, actually as inmates in their own village. Burma was not prepared to tackle the causes of the war. The Rohingya migrants languish in crowded warehouses. Closing remarks ZEID RA'AD AL HUSSEIN, United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, noted that there had been a noteworthy consensus on the Rapporteur's work.
Responding to the Myanmar mission, which spoke of the Myanmar government protecting the basic humanitarian values of all, he said it should be ashamed and not make ridiculous declarations. Measures have been taken to examine the option of involving the International Criminal Court in relation to regional competence for the expulsion-offence.
Up to this date, he called on Myanmar to allow the Council and High Commissioner's Office to enter North Rakhine. When the government was serious, it had to allow the mechanism of respect for people. When the Security Council refers the matter to the International Criminal Court, it establishes competence for a whole series of crimes.
If there were no such facility, at least those states that are willing and able to operate a single judicial system would be better able to do so if there were an open, non-partisan and autonomous system. On the Memorandum of Understanding, which several delegations asked about, he said that the Office of the High Commissioner and the Special Rapporteurs had no copy of it.
Circumstances of returning would not be secure unless the Council and its office mechanism had been given contact with North Rakhine to determine that the circumstances were intact. In conclusion, as this was the last occasion on which he addressed a solemn sitting of the Human Rights Council and did not hold extraordinary meetings, the High Commissioner asked whether a Member State of the Council could expel 700 000 persons from its own land within three week with a minimum reply from the global fellowship, and how many other States in this room began to do so.
There was a call for the Council to give this serious thought. KATE GILMORE, Deputy High Commissioner for Human Right, said that the humanitarian conditions in Burundi continue to worsen. Bourgeois limitations and suggested amendments to the constitution had caused a multitude of problems with people.
Burundi's government did not co-operate in implementing UNSCR 36/2 by annulling the visa of professionals sent to the state. Recently, the government confirmed its readiness to work with the Office of the High Commissioner. Ms Gilmore called on the Burundian Government to renew its commitment to the cause of respect for fundamental freedoms.
Ms Gilmore warmly applauded the advances made in the adoption of laws to establish a system for investigating suspected infringements by prosecuting bodies and combating home abuse. He relied on his partnerships with the public administration and civic circles to further address these questions. It was requested in the 37/40 resolutions that the Office of the High Commissioner be given entry to Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
It had not yet been authorised by the controlling authority. It was important to have easy and effective accessibility to the areas in order to guarantee an impartial assessment of the local conditions of people. The declarations of the affected countries Burundi, which speak as the affected state, related to the application of UNSCR 36/2, which had been launched by the African Group and adopted by the UNHRC at its thirty-sixth meeting on 27 September 2017 - a UNSCR that had been warmly welcome by Burundi.
From that point on, the High Commissioner for Human Rights has been implementing this motion with a degree of openness and co-operation. What explanation can there be for the fact that the President of the Commission of Inquiry, who was refused entry to the country for clear and known reason, became a pioneer in the swift application of this motion at a moment when the two institutions were separated?
Everyone was, however, conscious of the fact that the High Commissioner for Human Rights had an offi ce in Burundi. The Burundian authorities were astonished to have received a message from the High Commissioner for Human Rights to congratulate them on facilitating the dispatch of a panel of specialists who had come in under the terms of UNSCR 36/2.
Firstly, the tasks of the three-member expert group to be sent to Burundi by the High Commissioner have been clearly identified by UNSCR 36/2. Secondly, the tasks of the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Burundi were established by a Memorandum of Understanding between Burundi and the Office.
Third, it was not known how the use of staff from the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights could be mistaken for that of human rights council specialists in a particular county, Burundi. Georgia, as the affected state, said that the occupation forces and their regimes had once again refused the office of High Commissioner to the Georgian territories of Abkhazia and Tskhinvali/South Ossetia, totally ignoring the Council resolutions on co-operation with Georgia.
Territories that had been invaded were dark gaps that were not accessible to the global fellowship and without a system for assessing the humanitarian state. The Georgian IDP Archil Tatunsahvili had been arbitrarily arrested and assassinated by the Georgian occupying regimes in Tskhinvali. The Georgian parliament adopted a motion for a decision in March instructing the government to draw up a register of persons accused or sentenced for serious breaches of fundamental freedoms in the Abkhazia and Tskhinvali area.
Its principal objective was to pursue the introduction of restrictions on individuals on the lists at world level. Tskhinvali's IDP homes were demolished as part of the so-called Russia-investing program, and the lack of health care, ownership, training and free mobility of the locals was also persist.
Georgia's government had launched a new peacemaking effort to ease cross-border trafficking and enhance the livelihoods of the Abkhazians and Tskhinvali. Without impartial intergovernmental surveillance, however, the position would only deteriorate and immediate entry to the office of High Commissioner had to be guaranteed.