Information about Democracy in MyanmarMyanmar democracy information
Myanmar's Democratic Republican Democratic party is struggling with democratization
Myanmar's National League for Democracy (NLD) seemed destined for the years to come when the shackles of repressive politics were lifted in 2012. It would exploit the appeal of its leadership Aung San Suu Kyi and the coastal government to win the 2015 election over a governing coalition under the leadership of widely scorned former general.
However, the democratic process is chaotic, and even its most ardent supporters can fall when the true intergovernmental and policy issues arise. It is facing a burgeoning demand agenda and the governing Union and Solidarity Development Partys ( "USDP") has shown a knack for policy manoeuvres that improves its prospects.
Part of the NLD's inner disarray is a logical result of shifting its emphasis from resisting a hateful army regime to electoral victory in another state. Myanmar has 135 recognised ethnical groups, many of which are living along its east, west and north frontiers. Several of them have never given in to govern through an external power, which has complicated the role of the Burmese NLD, the mostly Ethhnic NLD, in establishing an efficient nationality.
However, the Greens are also charged with mistreating domestic polls and postponing the first convention until the second weekend of March. Hundreds of angry members turned over from the Pathein political group a few month ago, and recently members of the Mandalay political group met to protests against electoral scams. There are also rumours that the ageing leadership is ruling out political decision-making on the part of political youths, which could lead to more breakaway, which could strengthen the NLD's rivals or form the nucleus of new political groups before the 2015 poll.
She has also made Aung San Suu Kyi's new part a compromise that has estranged some potential NLDists. Although her silences about the Rohingya human rights situation in Myanmar are less of a problem than among multinational donor groups, Aung San Suu Kyi's silences about the Kachin state outlawed her.
It may be expensive for the National Democratic Party to remain silent when it realizes that it must depend on a number of political groups to build a governing government after the 2015 election, as the National Democratic League did in 1990 when it allied itself with the UNDD. Meanwhile, the USDP has enhanced its governance, also thanks to changes in staffing that have encouraged technocratic leaders and their experiences with the exercising of government.
As the USDP has progressively advocated recent policy liberalisation, and as the economy's liberalisation begins to raise standards of livelihood, there is no question that the USDP's leadership will try to enhance its image. Eventually, the USDP will use the traditional separation and regular tactics of the past to subvert its enemies by promoting rivalry and mistrust across racial boundaries.
Since November 2011, the USDP and the army have made an aggressively violent attempt to negotiate cease-fire agreements with eleven groups, which will then invite them to regist. Failing this, this policy will enforce the Myanmar people' s implied adoption of the 2008 constitution and will also pose new demands on the National Liberation Front (NLD) in the constituencies of minorities.
If the NLD cannot strengthen its relations with ethnic-based political groups - either because of concern over the choice of regional leaders or because of its secrecy about the Kachin - then it can compete with them instead of forming a alliance. This result would split the opposition's votes and give the benefit to the USDP.
In an attempt to increase the population of the apostate NLD rival, the National Democratic Force, President Thein Sein on February 6 named one of his MPs the first non-USDP secretary of state. If Thein Sein believes he can be successful, he can also motivate the pro-democracy group, 88 Generation Student (88 GS), to found a group.
Myanmar's ethical authorities are approaching those of Aung San Suu Kyi, and a 88GS side would call into question the NLD's pro-democracy credibility. As Aung San Suu Kyi is probably conscious of this, she will be vigilant not to overburden and alienate interests. Thein Sein and his office will pursue the USDP's reform, some of which aims to progressively legitimise both the army and the USDP while consolidating their preferential economical and policy stances.