n p??n?nsj?l?/, also known as Iberia /a??b??ri?/, is located in southwestern Europe. It is the flag of Spain and the largest airline. Iberia English's latest tweets (@Iberia_en). You can read reviews, compare customer reviews, see screenshots and learn more about Iberia. You can download Iberia and enjoy it on your iPhone, iPad and iPod touch.
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Iberian Peninsular satelite picture. Iberia, [a] also known as Iberia,[b] is situated in southwestern Europe. It is mainly split between Spain and Portugal and covers most of its territories. Andorra and a small part of France on the north-eastern border of the Gibraltar and Gibraltar on the southern shore, a small peninsular which constitutes an area of the United Kingdom beyond the sea.
It is the second biggest in Europe after Scandinavia with an area of approx. 582,000 sqkm. Iberia is a term derived from the Roman term "Hiberia", which is derived from the old Greeks' term ?????? (Ib?ría) from the Roman Empire and refers to what is now known in English as the Iberian Empire.
Strabo's'Iberia' was separated from Keltik? (Gaul) by the Pyrenees and encompassed the whole landmass to the SW (he says "west") from there. 4 ] The substantive "Hiberia" was abandoned when the Romans chose to call the westernmost part of the Lusitania-penninsula ("Portugal" today) and the rest of the area "Hispania" ("modern Spain").
The collapse of the Holy Roman Empire and the introduction of the new Castilian in Spain made the term "Iberia" appear for the first case as a straightforward "descendant" of the Hiberia, the Hiberaldi. From the Phoenicians, the Greeks arrived in the Iberian Peninsula by travelling west on the Mediterranean.
Hecataeus of Miletus was the first to use the word Iberia, which he coined around 500 B.C. Herodotus of Halicarnassus says about the Phocaeans that "it was they who..... lberia. "7 "7] According to Strabo, with Iberia, former Iberians meant the land "on this side of ?????? (Ib?ros)" as far as the Rhône in France, but at present they are setting the Pyrenees as a border.
But Iberia identified Iberia as the Mediterranean side as far as Gibraltar, although the Atlantean side has no name. Elsewhere  he says that Saguntum "lies at the seaside base of the chain of mountains between Iberia and Celtiberia. "Strabo  describes the Carthusians as the" men of the Pyrenees, different from the Celts or Celts.
Charles Ebel says that the old springs in Latino and Hiberia (Greek: Iberia) use Hispania and Hiberia as syonyms. Hiberia, a literal translation of the Roman name, means "land of the Hiberians". It is a derivation of the Ebro that the Romans named Hiberus. Therefore, Hiber (Iberian) was used as a concept for the people who lived on the Ebro.
3 ] The first reference to Ipacatos Hiberos ("restless Iberi") in ancient Rome was made in 200 B.C. by the annalistic writer Ennius Virgil relates to the Ipacatos Hiberos in his georgian. 16 ] Hispania was the name given by Latin geographical artists and other authors of fiction from the period of the latter Republic of Rome to the whole of Hispania. The general vocabulary used on the Pyrenees soon gave way to Latin, with the exception of the Vascones, which was retained as a linguistic isolation by the Pyrenees' barriers.
Iberian Peninsula has always been connected to the Ebro, Ib?ros in Old Greek and Ib?rus or Hib?rus in Latin. Plinius goes so far as to claim that the Greeks had named "all of Spain" Hiberia because of Hiberus. 17 ] The Ebro Treaty of 226 B.C. between Rome and Carthage sets the boundary of Carthage's interest in the Ebro.
Polybius  says to this limit that the "native name" is Ib?r, apparently the primal term, removed from its Greek or Roman -os or -us conclusion. These indigenous people, which geographical scholars and history scholars place along the Mediterranean coasts from today's south of Spain to today's south of France, are characterized by a legible writing that expresses a still unfamiliar Iberian.
" It is not known whether this was the local name or whether it was given by the Greeks for their domicile on the Ebro. Faith in Polybius sets certain limits to etymologization: if speech is not known, the meaning of words, even the Iber, must not be known. Whereas in the contemporary Vasque country the term ibar means "valley" or "irrigated meadow", ibai means "river", but there is no evidence of the Ebro's ecology with these basque name.
There is the Ibar in Serbia, but there is no evidence of the Ebro with this Serb name. Schematical rocks from the Iberian Peninsula. Iberian Peninsula has been populated for at least 1.2 million years, as the remnants of the Atapuerca mountains show.
The Neanderthals first set foot on the Iberian half of the Iberian halfway through the lower Palaeolithic, around 200,000 people. Starting in the south of France, this civilization stretched as far as the northern part of the French-Penninsula. Some 40,000 years ago, anatomical people from the South of France arrived on the Iberianpeninsula. Here this genetic homogenous populations (characterized by the M173 in the Y chromosome) evolved the M343 resulting in the haplogroup1b, which is still the most frequent haplogroup in contemporary men in Portugal and Spain.
On the Iberian Peninsula, contemporary man evolved a number of different civilizations, such as the Ayurignacian, Gravetian, Solutreic and Magdalenic civilizations, some of which are shaped by the complicated shapes of Upper Palaeolithicism. Various different muegalithic civilizations evolved on the Iberian halfway. A deep-sea shipping civilization from the oriental Mediterranean, the so-called Cardium civilization, also expanded its impact on the oriental shores of the promontory, possibly as early as the fifth century.
They may have had a connection to the later evolution of Ibérico man. It was from this center that bronzes were distributed to other crops such as Levante bronzes, southwestern Spanish bronzes and Las Cogotas. During the Late Bronze Age, the Tartessos township evolved in the area of contemporary West Andalusia, characterised by Penenician influences and the use of south-western Palaeohispanic writing for its Tartessic tongue, which is not related to the Spanish of Iberia.
The northwest of Iberia (modern northern Portugal, Asturias and Galicia) saw the development of a distinct cultural tradition, the Castro civilization, with a large number of fortifications and some fortifications. In the Iron Age, beginning in the seventh millennium BC, the Iberian Peninsula was made up of highly diverse agricultural and civilizational complexes, either pre-Celtic or celtic ('Lusitans, Celtiberians, Gallaeci, Astures, Celtici and others), Iberian peoples in the east and south, and Aquitaine peoples in the west of the Pyrenees.
Phoenicians, Greeks and Carthaginians travelled by sea, gradually settling on the Mediterranean coastline and establishing trade settlements there for several centages. In 1100 BC Phoenicians established the merchant settlement of Gadir or Gades (now Cádiz) near Tartessos. It was in the eighth millennium BC that the first Hellenic settlements, such as emporions (modern empúries), were established along the Mediterranean coastline to the west, with the southern coastline left to the Phoenicians.
Greeks gave the name Iberia after the Iber ( "Ebro") rivier. The Carthaginians came to the Mediterranean Sea in the 6th and 6th millennium BC and fought with the Greeks for power over the western Mediterranean. Its most important settlement was Carthago Nova (today Cartagena, Spain). During the Second Punic Wars against the Carthaginians in 218 BC, the first Romans forces entered the Spanish Empire, but it was not until Augustus that it was annexed after two hundred years of conflict with the Gallic and Spanish peoples and the Phoenician, Grecian and Carthaginians.
Trajan, Hadrian, Marcus Aurelius and Theodosius I, the younger Seneca the philospher and the writers Martial and Lucan were descended from Iberian family. During the early fifth c., Teutonic tribes entered the penninsula, namely the Suebians, the Vandals (Silingi and Hasdingi) and their ally, the alans.
It was only the Suebi Empire (Quadi and Marcomanni) that would survive the advent of another flood of Teutonic invasion, the Visigoths, who invaded the entire Iberian Peninsula and drove out or partly incorporated the Vandals and alans. In 584-585 the Visigoths finally captured the empire of Suebi and its capitol Bracara (today's Braga).
It would also invade the Byzantine Empire provinces (552-624) of Spain in the southern part of the Balearic Islands and peninsulas. During Tariq ibn Ziyad, the Muslim military ended up in Gibraltar and in an eight-year long battle all but the northerly empires of the Iberian halfway through the Umayyad invasion of Hispania.
Ale-Andalus (Arabic: ???????, tr. al-?Andal?s, possibly "land of the vandals"), is the Arabian name given to today's south of Spain by its Muslim Berbers and Arabian occupying forces. Between the 8th and 15th century, only the south of the Iberian Peninsula was part of the Muslim part. It took three hundred years for the Muslims to be expelled from their lands[quote required].
Over a further four hundred years, only the south of the Iberianpeninsula has become a Romansh-speaking and Arabic-speaking Moslem country, together with the bags of a large majority of Arabic-speaking Sephardic Jews[quote required]. In the Middle Ages, the mainland was home to many small states, such as the Kingdom of Castile, the Crown of Aragon, the Kingdom of Navarre, the Kingdom of León and the Kingdom of Portugal.
It was part of the Almohad Caliphate until it was eventually eradicated by Castile in the 1230s. Moriscos rebelled several rebellions and were eventually evicted from Spain at the beginning of the seventeenth cent. Maps of Spain and Portugal, dating about 1705-1739, by H.A. Chatelain. Except for a short time ( (1580-1640), Portugal was the only country in which the entire political part of the entire Arabian Empire was under Iberia.
Afterwards, the peninsular now comprises Spain and Portugal (with the exception of the Portuguese Azores and Madeira and the Canary and Balearic Isles; and the Spaniards Ceuta and Melilla), Andorra, the French Cerdagne and Gibraltar. Iberia is the most westerly of the three large peninsulae in South Europe - the Iberian, the Italian and the Balkanpeninsulae.
Its south-eastern and eastern borders on the Mediterranean and northern, western and south-western borders on the Atlantic. Pyrenees are located on the northeastern border of the Peninsular, where they border on the whole of Europe. It is located very near the NW African coastline, divided by the Straits of Gibraltar and the Mediterranean Sea.
30 ] It is about in the middle, slightly offset to the east and slightly inclined to the West (the traditional center of the Iberian Peninsula has long been regarded as a geafe just to the south of Madrid). Underwater aquatic habitats of the Iberian Peninsula's coastline were thoroughly investigated in the course of wells.
Finally, the northern part of the volcano falls into the Bay of Biscay (an abyss), the western part into the 4,800-meter ('15,700-foot) plains of the Tejo Mountains and the western part into the plains of the Tejo River abs. These characteristics' southerly boundary is indicated by Nazaré Canyon, which divides the main plateau and goes directly into the depth.
This is the Ebro, Douro, Tejo, Guadiana and Guadalquivir. The seasonality of all Iberian Peninsular streams varies from season to season. Like the Douro, the Tagus is the longest stream on the entire length of the French Channel and runs west with its lower course in Portugal. Guadiana runs south and marks the last section of the Guadiana between Spain and Portugal.
Iberian Peninsula is largely hilly. The Prebaetic system, which begins westwards of the Sierra Sur de Jaén and reaches the Mediterranean coast in the province of Alicante. Iberian Peninsula contains stones from all geologic eras, from Edacaran to modern times, and almost every type of stone is there.
At the heart of the Iberian peninsula is a Hercyan kratonic bloc known as the Iberian Massif. On the western side, the mainland is bordered by the mainland border, which is created by the low-magma opening of the Atlantic Ocean. Most of the eastern part of the Herkyn Folk Belt is covered by Mesozoic and Tertiary rock, but it is still covered by the Sistema Ibérico and the Catalan Mediterranean system.
There are two main climatic conditions in the region. However most of Portugal and Spain have a Mediterranian weather with different rainfall and temperature, according to latitudes and location opposite the seal. In the centre of Spain there are also more localised semi-arid climatic zones with temperature similar to a continuous mediaeval one. At other extremes, high mountain ranges such as the Sierra Nevada and areas with very low precipitation and desertification and semi-arid climatic zones such as Almería, Murcia and South Alicante.
38 ] Spain's average temperature on the shores of the Middle Sea in summers is 30°C (86°F). The temperature in the whole of Spain is more even, although inland there is often frost, although the daily maximum values are usually above zero. Portugal has the hottest Algarve seasons, very similar to Huelva in Spain, while most of the Atlantic coastline of Portugal has wet and cool soils.
Iberian Peninsula by area: policy breakdown: France3,191,05933,56312,9596%French Cerdagne is located on the southern side of the Pyrenees, which borders Spain and France. 45 ] For example, the Segre stream, which flows westwards and southwards to hit the Ebro, has its spring on the Médoc.
Pyrenees are often regarded as the northeast border of the Iberian Peninsula, although the coast of France lies just off the mountains to the northern side of Europe. Iberian Peninsula's most important cities are Madrid, Barcelona, Lisbon, Valencia, Porto, Seville, Bilbao, Braga, Malaga, Central Asturias (Gijón-Oviedo-Avilés), Alicante elk, Murcia and Coimbra.
There are several other remarkable towns on the promontory, such as for example: Moose (230,354), Oviedo (225,973), Badalona (220,977) and Terrassa (215,678) in Spain and Braga (181,874), Amadora (175,558), Coimbra (102,455) and Setúbal (90,640) in Portugal. Iberian Peninsular forests are different eco-systems. Though the different areas are characterised by pronounced flora, there are some common features on the entire pennine.
Except for Basque, which is of little known origins, all contemporary Latin is of Vulgar Latin and belongs to the Western Romance world. In the course of time ( "prehistory"), many different tongues have been used on the peninsula, which have contributed to the creation and diversification of the contemporary tongues of Iberia, but most of them have died out or been forgotten.
It is the only non-Indo-European tongue that has survived in Iberia and Western Europe. Nowadays, Spanish (about 30 to 40 million speakers), Portugese (about 10 million speakers), Catalan (about 9 million speakers), Galician to about 3 million people) and Basque to about 1 million speakers are the most widely spread in the Iberian Peninsula.
Hispanic and Portuguese have spread beyond Iberia to the whole globe and have become internationalised. The coastline is so long that it is a favourite for fish, especially sardine, tunnel fish and anchovy. The other Iberians also use an English script, though not the same letter, because their words are not the same.
Spacey word: cartography, literary and empire in early modern Spain. Geography (in ancient greece and English). Rapprochements to the Spanish story. "Iberia: The Iberian Peninsula: Spain". The majority of the data from web resources on Spain and Portugal includes the coastal lines of the individual countries' own island and is therefore not a dependable guidebook for the peninsula's coastal line.
Iberian Peninsula - Atlantic Coast". Standard Climate Values, Spain". It covers only the Spanish continental populations (excluding the Balearic Islands, Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla), the Portuguese continental populations (excluding Madeira and the Azores), Andorra and Gibraltar. of France and Spain in the Pyrenees. "Migratory patterns of the curlew sandpiper Calidris Ferrruginea on the southwest coast of the Iberian Peninsula" (pdf).
"Dissemination of wading birds hibernating on the Iberian Peninsula 1978-1982" (PDF). "Left Iberian Peninsula." "Iberian Peninsula genetics reduction through Y chromosomal analysis: consequences for demographic change" (PDF). "```beriaNature: Guidebook on the Spanish countryside, fauna, climate, fauna, landscape and geography". "Ethnological map of pre-Roman Iberia (ca. 200 BC).