Iasi

Jasi

The Iasi is the main political, economic and cultural centre of the province of Moldova and one of the oldest cities in Romania. IASI (International Association of Structural Integrators) is the professional member organisation for structural integration. class="mw-headline" id="Etymology_and_names">Etymologie und Namen[edit]

<font color=#38B0DE>-=Ia?i=- Proudly Presents US: ; Romanian: Jassy or Iassy)[8][9] is the second biggest town in Romania [7] and the district headquarters Ia?i. Ia?i is situated in the historic Moldavian area and has always been one of the main centers of Romania's economic, political, cultural, educational and art scene.

From 1564 to 1859 the town was the principal town of the Principality of Moldova, then of the United Principalities from 1859 to 1862 and from 1916 to 1918 the principal town of Romania. This town is considered historic: Prut was known as Alanus Fluvius and the town as Forum Philistinorum.

In Hungary the name of the town (Jászvásár) means Jassic Market; the outdated Rumanian name Târgul Ie?ilor (and the once popular Ia?ii) and the old Jassenmarkt can have the same meanings. Archeological research shows the existence of man in the present area of the town and its surroundings dating back to ancient times.

For the first time, the name of the town is included in a 1408 deed. Since there are still older than 1408 monuments, e.g. the Armenian church, which is thought to have been constructed in 1395, it is certain that the town did indeed survive before its first preserved inscription. About 1564 Prince Alexandru L?pu?neanu transferred the Moldovan capitol from Suceava to Ia?i.

Vasile Lupu founded the first Greek replacement college in 1640 and opened a print shop in the Byzantine monastery of Trei Ierarhi (Monastery of the Three Hierarchies; constructed 1635-39). From September 15 to October 27, 1642 the Synod of Jassy (also called the Council of Jassy) took place in the town.

1643 the first book in Moldova was released under Ia?i . In 1513 the town was burnt down by the Tatars, in 1538 by the Ottomans and in 1686 by the emperor Russians. The peace of Ia?i ended the 6th Russian-Turkish war in 1792.

In 1822, a Turkish invasion of the town in 1822 resulted from a Turkish revolution maneuver and cast under Alexander Ypsilanti (?????????? ?????????) and Filiki Eteria (?????? ???????) (1821, at the beginning of the War of Independence). Much of the town was hit by a serious fire in 1844. For two years during the First World War, Ia?i was the capitol of a greatly diminished Romania after the Central Powers occupied Bucharest on December 6, 1916.

The Jassy Conference was held at Ia?i in November-December 1918. The Ia?i website is also of great importance in Judaic prehistory, with the first recorded record of the Sephardic Jews of the end of the sixteenth cenury. By the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries, at least one third of the town had become Jews due to the wide-spread Russian-Jewish and Galician-Jewish migration to Moldova.

1855 Ia?i was home to the first Yiddish-language paper Korot Haitim and 1876 the site of what was probably the first ever commercial Yiddish-language play founded by Avraham Goldfaden. HaTikvah's words, the Israeli folk hymn, were penned by Naftali Herz Imber on Ia?i Jews on Ia?i play an important part in the preservation of folk music, as interpreters and composition.

The pogrom Ia?i was one of the well-known instances of the axes' violence against the Jews during the Great War, while the full extent of the Holocaust was generally unfamiliar to the Allied Powers. In northeastern Romania, at the junction of the Jijia Plain and the Bârlad Plateau, Ia?i used to be the hub of the historical trading route through Moldova from the Kingdom of Poland, the Habsburg Monarchy, the Tsarist Empire of Russia and Constantinople.

Situated in the Bahlui River basin, a branch of the Jijia River (Prut River branch). The Ia?i itself is surrounded by vines and orchards, partially on top of a hill, partially in the middle of a small town. Part of the centre of the town is on the 25 metre long river terraces of the Bahlui River (the so-called Palat Terrace).

From this core, after the Middle Ages, the town developed southwards and northwards on the Bahlui River meadow and the neighbouring uplands. On the ridge Ia?i (Romanian: Coasta Ia?ilor) (the northernmost mound of the Bârlad plateau) you will find the southerly part of the city. Taking into account the current expansion of the administration borders, the urban area has a height of 320 metres (1,050 ft) between the 34th and the 18th centuries.

It' s a widely held opinion that Ia?i is constructed on seven hillocks (Romanian: coline): The Ia?i has a moist continent with four different seasonal variations (Köppen climatic rating "Dfb" - summers damper than winters, subtypes European). The website Ia?i shows historic memorials, 500-year-old cathedrals and convents, as well as modern architectural styles, many of which are registered in the National Register of Historic Heritage.

Cuza University ( 1897 ), a mix of Neoclassic and Baroque periods, hosts the renowned Hall of Lost Steps, where the works of the artist Sabin B?la?a can be admired; "The National Theatre "Vasile Alecsandri", constructed between 1894 and 1896 in neoclassical architecture with Rococo and Renaissance ornamentation; the Dosoftei House, a second half edifice of the seventeenth centuries, where in 1679 the Grand Archbishop Dosoftei established the second typeface in Moldova.

Roznovanu Town Hall, second half of the eighteenth centuries, reconstructed between 1830 and 1833, during the First World War it housed the Rumanian authorities; the Union Museum, 1806, in Empire Style, the Town Hall acted as the imperial seat of Prince Alexandru Ioan Cuza between 1859 and 1862 and 1917-1918, during the First World War, as the imperial seat of Prince Alexandru Ioan Cuza between 1859 and 1862 and 1917-1918, during the First World War, as the imperial seat of the Prince Alexandru Ioan Cuza;

The Pogor House, 1850, a gathering place for the city's intelligentsia, seat of the Junimea Literary Society (1863) and the Convorbiri Literare Journal (1867), hosts the Romanian Literature Museum; Luceaf?rul Theatre, 1987, a singular contemporary Romanian edifice; Central University Library, 1934, with Greek revival themes; Grand Station, 1870, influenced by the Venetian Doge's Palace.

The Romanian Orthodox Metropolitan of Moldova and Bukovina and the Roman Catholic Bishop of Ia?i are based in Ia?i. More than 10 convents and 100 historic cathedrals are located in the town and its surroundings. One of the oldest is the Princely Saint Nicholas (1491) from the rule of Stephen the Great, and the Metropolitan Cathedral is the biggest of its kind in Romania.

The Golia Convent, 1564, reconstructed in 1650 in the Neolithic period with frescos from the Roman period and lavishly sculpted doors, is a monuments building, a convent in the centre of the town, enclosed by high ramparts, with angular towers and 30 metres (98th century) of a large, narrow, and very narrow building. 43-foot high belfry; Old Catholic Cathedral, 1782, Baroque and New Catholic Cathedral, 2005; The Armenian Church, 1395, testifies that there is a significant presence of Armenia in these parts of Romania; Throughout the year, Ia?i can also include trips to a large number of places of worship inside and outside the town.

At Ia?i you will find a wide range of places, from urban plazas to urban park. Established in 1856, the Ia?i Botanic Gardens, Romania's first botanic gardens, have an area of over 100 ha and more than 10,000 plant varieties. The Ia?i exhibition park was opened in 1923 and constructed under the coordination of the architects N. Ghica Bude?ti .

Ciric Park, nestled in the north-eastern part of Ia?i, is made up of a park landscape and four lochs. Eminescus Lindenbaum (Romanian: Teiul llui Eminescu) is a 500 year old linden (Tilia momentosa Moench) in Copou Park. According to reports, Mihai Eminescu has written some of his best work under this linden which makes the Christmas trees one of Romania's most important nature landmarks and a remarkable Ia?i emblem.

In the 2011 survey, Ia?i was the 4th largest town in Romania with 290,422 people. The Union of Metropolitan Regions (which included Ia?i and 13 other neighbouring municipalities) had 382,484 residents, while the district of Ia?i, with 772,348 residents, was the most densely populated district in Romania (after the municipality of Bucharest).

The Ia?i website is an important location for industry in Romania. Ia?i also has a well-developed retailer with large supermarkets and trade centers in the area. Important historical and artistic manifestations in Moldova are associated with the name of the town Ia?i Seventeenth centuries great intellectuals, Grigore Ureche, Miron Costin and later Ion Neculce, composed most of their works in or near the town, and the renowned intellectual Dimitrie Cantemir, known throughout Europe, also associated his name with the Moldovan capitol.

In 1829, the first Romanian-language paper was launched at Ia?i and Ia?i, where it went on to appear in 1867 under the Junimea Literature Association, the Convorbiri Literare-Revension, in which the childhood memories of Ion Creang? and the best of Mihai Eminescu's poetry were printed. Contemporanul and Via?a Româneasc? were released in 1871 and 1906, respectively, with major articles on the promotion of Romania's domestic culture assets.

There are many great figures of Rumanian civilization associated with Ia?i: the writer Nicolae Milescu, the historical and political figures Mihail Kog?lniceanu and Simion B?rnu?iu, the authors Vasile Alecsandri and George Topârceanu, the authors Mihail Sadoveanu, Alecu Russo and Ionel Teodoreanu, the literature critics Titu Maiorescu, the historical A. The Vasile Alecsandri National Theatre, opened in 1840, is the first national theatre in Romania.

Built according to the designs of the Vienna architect Hermann Helmer and Ferdinand Fellner, the edifice was built between 1894 and 1896 and from 1956 also accommodates the Romanian National Opera Ia?i The Ia?i is also the home of: The Ia?i website is home to many different types of memorials, exhibitions and exhibitions. The first Romanian Memory Musuem was opened in 1918 in Ia?i, as the Ion Creang? Memory House, and today the Ia?i Romanian Literature Musuem has fourteen commemorative monuments.

Located in Copou Park, the Mihai Eminescu Museum is devoted to the great poet's oeuvre and works; other museum are devoted to him: Opened in 1976 on the occasion of the 160th anniversary of the first play in Rumanian, the Museum of Theater shows the evolution of the stage phenomena from the very beginning, important events in the National Theater's past Ia?i, the establishment of the Philharmonic Drama Conservatory in 1840, and the distinguished personalities who helped to develop the Rumanian theater.

Unionsmuseum contains originals and manuscripts belonging to Princes Al. Established on 4 February 1834, the Natural History Folklore Centre is the first of its kind in Romania with over 300,000 exhibits, including insect, shellfish, amphibian, reptile, bird, plant and mineral collection.

There are six culture centers at Ia?i The FILIT (International Film Festival of Literary and Translation) is an annual literary and literary translations event organized by the Ia?i Museum of Romanian Literary Arts, established in 2013; the FIE (International Education Festival), established in 2013, is a mixture of culture and education; the International Theatre festival for Young Audience, established in 2008, is organized each year in October by the Luceaf?rul Theatre;

The SFR (Romanian Movie Nights) has been presenting since 2010 movies from different epochs of Rumanian cinematography as well as new movies, debuts or shorts, with the invitations of actresses, filmmakers, screenwriters and movie reviewers. Starting in 2017 Afterhills will be the largest musical event in Moldova. The Hangariada is an aviation and arts event that takes place every year in May; life concerts and various other arts activities (poetry evenings, readings) are common in the city's various cafés.

In 1640, the Academia Vasilian? was created by Prince Vasile Lupu as the "High College of Latin and Slavic Languages", followed by the Princely Academy in 1707. Its first higher educational institution in Rumanian was set up in the fall of 1813, when the civil servant Gheorghe Asachi created a civil engineering course within the Greek Princely Academy.

From 1813 onwards, other events highlighted the evolution of higher training in the Rumanian tongue, both in the arts and in technology. The Academia Mih?ilean?, created in 1835 by Prince Mihail Sturdza, is the country's first leading institution in Romania. By 1860, three departments that were part of the Academia Mih?ilean? were at the core of the recently created Ia?i and the first Rumanian school.

Physicians and Naturalists Society, established at Ia?i, has been in existence since the beginning of the nineteenth centuries and publishes a number of journals. Established in 1879, one of the oldest Romanian medicinal university has its seat in Ia?i. Today it is known as Grigore T. Popa University of Medicine and Pharmacy.

1937 the two faculties of the university Ia?i became divisions of the Gheorghe Asachi Polytechnic School. Before and after the Second World War, the later Institute (renamed Polytechnisches Institut in 1948) expanded its activities, particularly in the fields of mechanical and electrical engineers, and became known as Gheorghe Asachi Technical University in 1993.

The Alexandru Ioan Cuza University - based in Copou - is the oldest university in Romania; the Technical University Gheorghe Asachi - the oldest Romanian college of engineers; the Grigore T. Popa University of Medical Sciences and Pharmacy - one of the oldest medical colleges in Romania; the George Enescu National University of Art - the oldest Romanian college of musical and artistic training; the Ion Ionescu de la Brad University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Sciences - one of the oldest colleges of its kind.

Ia?i is the oldest and second biggest university library in Romania. It contains the most important testimonies of Romania's past. Football FC Politehnica Ia?i of the Rumanian Football League from 1945-2010. Today three train yards, the Great Station, the Nicolina International Rail Station and the Socola Rail Station service the town and are run by the Rumanian Railways (CFR).

Situated about 1 km from the center of the town, the Great Railway Station offers train links to all important Rumanian towns and to Chi?in?u. Railway stops are very well linked to all parts of the town by the tram and bus services of the regional transit authorities.

The Ia?i is linked to Bucharest by the four lanes of the Bucharest E583/E85 Europe motorway, to Central Europe by the Central Europe and Chi?in?u in Moldova by the Europe motorway and to all larger Romanian towns by DN national roads. An east-west motorway would link the town with the A3 Transylvania motorway. Ia?i bus stop is used by several privately owned transportation operators to offer bus services from Ia?i to a variety of destinations throughout the state.

The Ia?i website houses at least 15 clinics, among them the St. Spiridon Clinic, the second biggest and one of the oldest in Romania (1755), the [73] St. Maria Clinic Children's Hospital, the Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, the Regional Oncology Institute and the Socola Psychiatric Institute (1905 - first Romanian psychological hospital). The Ia?i is a partnership with:

Rumanian Coins.org. Ia?i, the culture town ( in Romanian). Archives from the originals on 2 August 2012. About Ia?i (in Romanian). Rumanian Cities (in Romanian). Archives from the orginal on 05.03.2011. Uh... (in Romanian). Uh... (in Romanian). About Ia?i Archive 2011-07-15 at the Wayback Machine. Ia?i, Romania". "Learn Rumanian - Free learning & living". www.study-in-romania.ro.

Archives from the orginal on 11.06.2005. The Romanian pilgrims flock to the sanctuary of the saint. Museum Documentation Center Croatia, A Tractate on the Roman Milestone Discovered near Osijek Archived 2004-11-07 at the Wayback Machine. 1301238 - about Columbia University. Pogrom cites 13,266 or 14,850 Jews murdered. Filmed from the orginal (PDF) on 08.05.2005.

"The Harta www. Harta www. a. www. harta. com. com. com." Cuza" in Ia?i (series nou?), Ia?i II (?tiin?e naturale). World Weather Information Service - Iasi. Archives from the originals on 25 July 2017. KLIMA Abstract for 15090: Iasi (Romania) - Section 2: Standards Monthly". Rumanian Statistical Yearbook: The Romanian National Statistics Institute. Ia?i Climate standards 1961-1990.

Oceanic and atmospheric national administration. Climate board of Iasi (Jassy), Moldova (Bessarabia) / Romania" (PDF). 2010-09-29 filed at the Wayback Machine. Tourism in the Oracle Iasi : Tourism in the Oracle Iasi : Everything began with Iasi". www.turism-iasi.ro. Romania. "Destination/ROMANIA: Iasi - the region of century-old trees". www.agerpres.ro.

Ethnodemographic Structure of Romania. Archives from the orginal on 26.02.2009. Pax Romana ICMICA/MIIC" The Roles of Woman in Hungarian Catholic Societies and Churches in Romania | Pax Romana ICMICA/MIIC". Archives from the orginal on 14.10.2007. Archives from the orginal on 02.01.2006. 2006-06-30 Iasi-Cotnari Vineyard filed at Wayback Machine.

Iasi, Ziarul de. "FILE DE ISTORIE 155 de ani de la înfiin?area în Ia?i a Primei Pinacoteci di România". www.ziaruldeiasi.ro. www.ziaruldeiasi.ro. Archives from the orginal on 31.03.2017. <font color="#ffff00">www.abplus.ro. Science Festival <font color="#ffff00">Studii de cinaz <font color="#ffff00">ABplus Event <font color="#ffff00">Ia?i Ora?e Ora?e (Minsk twinned towns) [via WaybackMachine.com]" (in Romanian).

Archives from the originals on September 3, 2012. Archives from the originals on 01.02.2013. Combridge University Press. p. 279.

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