A quality case study on Myanmar's conflict conflict transformation democratization process
Myanmar's democracy was difficult. After the arrival of the democracy movement, the countrys experience has been an intensive struggle that has resulted in what Human Rights Watch has described as racial clean-up. The paper concentrates on the issue of interinstitutional instability and tries to understand how the low level of civic awareness of it and its fragility contribute to the state elite, in this case the war.
Much of the hypothesis used in this paper comes from Jack Snyder, a policy scholar who notes that poor institution building in democracy carries a greater danger of being abducted by the elite within states that do not want to give up all their hegemony.
It will also use theory from other policy scholars such as Robert Dahl to reinforce some of the argument about the democracy processes. In this paper, the issues discussed are whether the weakness of the institutions and low civilian capacity, together with the rigging by the army, are the major problems of the chaos we are experiencing today.
In order to address this issue, the paper will explore three important parts of Myanmar's institutions to draw logic lessons from the current state of affairs on the basis of Jack Snyder's theories. Institutions, Civil Society, Democratic Trial, Instability, Valprocess, Media, Education, Corruption, Manipulation, Propaganda, Political Calendar, Jack Snyder.
MYANMAR, my own nation, is a third-world nation in the midst of becoming a democratic state. Myanmar is still a long way from achieving its objective. I will now give some of my views on the major issues facing young people in my own state.
There could be many different views and views on how we can make a difference in our life if the young people had a group debate on the issues and issues facing them in Myanmar. Young people never had this chance, so we really don't know what views and thoughts we have. Now Daw* Aung San Su Kyi is trying to transform the educational system and strengthen young people.
All of us believe in her, but she is not a goddess who can transform Myanmar alone. Myanmar residents are awaiting changes and blaming the regime if nothing happens. The Foundation for Leadership in Myanmar (FFC) aims to strengthen young Burmese citizens who want to make a difference.
Daw is something you call a person to show respectfulness (for a woman "Daw" and "U" for a man). The Saw ( "for men") represents the Karen tribe in Myanmar. After graduating from high schools, I went on to study mathematics and mathematics at the University of Pathein. Educational levels in Pathein are very high. Founded in Pathein Township, the land side of Myanmar (Delta region), where many Karen and Myanmar residents mix.
The Pathein population is very humble and respects their religions - especially Christians and Buddhists living in this area - and they are a kind of curators of religions, cultures and traditions. And I grew up in a European Union that is almost separate from the rural world, as if it were not for us in this world.
Worshipping the Lord, following the ways of Christ and preserving my Karen and my people. At the age of 16 I came to YMCA in Pathein, through the support and authorization of YMCA I made many changes, especially my attitude. I' ve got to make a difference before I can make a difference in the world.
That' s why I try to make changes to be more cultured, but sometimes I am in difficulties because I don't have enough basics, or maybe I haven't tried to be. Yangon last year, I went to university and my cultural outlook was changing. I thought, for example, that women wearing shorts and hanging around at nights were sexual labourers, because I learned that from my company in Pathein.
I will probably be changing more and more in the years to come, but the vision of a normal way of living in Pathein will remain the same. Instead, I would like to speak out about the issues faced by young people in Myanmar today. It' s just my view that' s due to my experience and my experience of living in Pathein and Yangon.
One of the major issues, in my view, is the educational system. Even if some youngsters are educated, they will not benefit in life. It is a very poor impact on our generations because it kills the creative minds of youngsters. Myanmar was launched on the smartphone in early 2013.
I think the young are hurt by smartphones and have become hooked on Facebook and other popular music. They see something on it and want to try it out in reality. A few young adolescents spend their day and night only in corporate publishing, addsicts in corporate publishing.
You are trying to link the worlds through the societal medias and have no contact with the reality. The use of digital content could be a means of mobilising youngsters, but young adults use it wrongly. You don't worry about changes in politics or society on Facebook and won't show up.
They' re affected by what they are reading in and forgetting to think about what is right or what is not. Youngsters are our country's way of life, but they depend on it. In Myanmar, the population is generally very kind and the hospital facilities are good. During the last parliamentary term, the administration freed those in prison, many of whom it thought would do well.
Afterwards, I learned about so many felonies in Myanmar from the local community and the communities around me, and the level of criminality has risen. I am from Pathein, where the criminality level is quite low, so I am feeling more secure when I am at home with my ancestors. It is a symbol of protection or an alibi for not involving young adults in our societies.
While some older adults are aware of the might of youngsters and try to strengthen the young, others are still very conservative in their views on them. You don't think there's anything youngsters can do. I believe that the elderly in Myanmar are right. Though Yangon is becoming more agile and advanced, we have in our land a number of culture and religion extremists.
While I don't think it's a matter of preserving our cultures, the issue is to stick with the old core of our cultures in an evolving one. Cultures are important - all things of the cultures should be preserved; the languages, the traditions and the mind. Elderly persons who adhere to old standards are controlling their youngsters.
Youngsters are respectful of the elder and take their cues. Myanmar elder are valuable because they take good charge of us until we are willing to take charge of them. Part of Myanmar's civilization is for young adults to remain with their families until they get remarried - perhaps even after they get remarried.
By telling young adults to adhere to old religion or culture, the conservatives are blocking the young people's futures, their creativeness, their ideas and their passions. Conservatives have a saying: "The thought of woman could not go through the ceiling. A number of older adults are very good at guiding youngsters, and young adults like them - but by far not everyone does.
Older persons should enable youngsters and they should be our advisers, not controllers or decision-makers. Many young adults do not take part in the community because of older, right-wingers. Myanmar's young are highly reliant on their families or the elderly, and if they want it to remain so, they will ensure that this dependency will continue - and then the young will never develop new thoughts.