How Safe is BurmaWhat's Burma like?
Myanmar 2017 Crime and Security Report
The U.S. Embassy Rangoon assumes no liability for the suitability or probity of the individuals or companies listed in this document. RANGOON has been rated by the U.S. State Department as a low-risk place for crimes against or concerning U.S. federal agents. Myanmar offers an unparalleled chance for US corporations to penetrate an up-and-coming, potentially profitable business that has been almost completely taboo for many years.
Burma has the capacity to become the next border in Asia, according to the International Monetary Fund, multi-lateral investment in developing countries and other research sources from the non-governmental organizations, if it can harness its rich physical resource, its young workforce and its geo-political closeness to some of the world's most vibrant economy.
Rangoon citizens witness night robbery, small-time crimes, trespassing and murder. Myanmar is a pure currency company. Travellers are prevented from reacting to unwanted opportunity to earn funds, even if it is too good to be truth. - In 2016, a contract partner of the US administration was attacked and stolen on his way home after work.
- In 2015, U.S. Embassy staff announced an attempt to break into homes. Burmese residents should monitor all workmen in their place of abode. US ambassadors are banned from traveling outside Rangoon after nightfall. Intra-ethnical conflict, community force and worship stress make certain areas outside Rangoon taboo. Burmese soldiers and ethnically based groups in the northern, northeastern and southeastern regions have been continuing to use land mines, leading to an increasing number of land mine accidents in 2016.
Visiting permits must be obtained from the authorities before traveling to sensible areas. Foreign nationals traveling outside Rangoon or other large towns or locations may have trouble interacting with non-English-speaking people without a Myanmarinter. Despite the government's compliance with key road systems (Rangoon-Mandalay Highway) and some security enhancements by the global public, many streets are still not reliable or may be invious after torrential rain.
The driver is often anxious and has little regard for the pedestrian, the right of way of other motorists or general safety. However, drinking at the wheel is a big problem and represents a considerable nighttime hazard for people. Riders outside Rangoon are also struggling with omnipresent motorcycles. Yangon and some parts of the state are easily accessible by taxi, coach and train.
Taxi services are a more dependable means of transport in Rangoon. It is generally regarded as safe, but many are poorly serviced and/or have no seat belts. U.S. Federal Aviation Administration has not evaluated adherence to the security requirements of the IAA. Burmese merchant airlines' security data is not readily available, but individual anecdotal evidence, years of global penalties and the failure to export spare parts for airplanes suggest that they are not up to scratch.
Petrol filling and policing facilities are restricted outside Rangoon and other large urban areas, and drivers should make appropriate plans. US -American State Department has evaluated RANGOON as a place of central threats to terrestrial activities that are contrary to the U.S. government's OFFICE's interests or incriminate them. Governments are vulnerable to the threats of terror and work with them.
No indications exist that any of the Burmese terrorism organisations have operating capacities or active pursuit of the interests of the West. It is not a state-sponsored supporter of terrorism and does not allow alien combatants to cross the state. - At the end of 2016, several simple Yangon food shops and administration facilities were attacked by IEDs, causing some material damages but not injure.
- In October 2016, three border police stations in the state of Rakhine were assaulted, resulting in the death of 15 police officers according to official records. A number of video clips have been published urging Rohingya men to join the struggle against the Burmese people. There were insurgencies in posts on jihadistic sites during the episode of cultist-force, along with proposals that Islamic militants be sent to Burma to retribute for attacking Muslims in the state of Rakhine.
As a reaction to these possible dangers, the regime strengthened safety and took preventive action at possible destinations (Rangoon IATA, Shvedagon Pagoda). In 2014, Burma hosts a number of large scale open air meetings, such as the Pan-Asia Games and Association of South East Asia (ASEAN) summits, all of which took place without significant breaches of the law.
US-American State Department has called RANGOON a place of central threats to policymaking against or against the U.S. government's unofficial interests. Burma's key challenges are how the various peoples of the Burmese economy can surmount a story of fragility in order to coexist by policy means and to keep the state united.
Burma has been at risk of extinction since it gained sovereignty in 1948. It is one of the longest in the history of the planet and has included all important nationalities. As of 2011, the regime has been negotiating ceasefires with 14 ethnically based weapon groups (EAGs), and conflicts with some of these groups have continued.
The National Ceasefire Agreement (NCA) was concluded by the US and eight ESAs in October 2015, but many ESAs, particularly in the northern and northeastern regions, did not do so. Current conflicts between the NCA and the EAECs do not always match the NCA signatories areas; non-signatory groups in the south-east have not had a ceasefire for many years and have not come into conflict with the administration, while battles have taken place in parts of the Shan and Karen states under the NCA.
While these confrontations are occasional, the level of conflict has increased significantly with the EAWs in North Kachin and Shan states, which include the use of major weaponry, air strikes and large troops. Historically, the administration has detained demonstrators for violating the law on peaceful assembly by protests without authorisation. Myanmar has over 135 formally recognised racial and racial groups.
Although Burma's multi-ethnicity is a fountain of nationally proud, it has also resulted in a long, savage story of violence in ethnical and religious wars. Myanmar has 18 armed forces representing Kayin, Kachin, Shan, Mon and Wa among others. All of these groups control areas along Burma's border, and according to some reports, there are 100,000 combatants in all.
The majority of these groups agree with a profound mistrust of the main administration and the wish to build a federation that includes minority groups as well as the Burmese who currently rule the Union Forces. Arms-based ethnical groups in frontier areas remain involved in crime (drug production/trade, stone/woodmuggling, traffic in humans).
A number of reports suggest that the authorities regard the implementation of these illegal activity as second only to safety and allow drug traffic in frontier areas in tacit opposition to co-operation with militarised nationalities. Myanmar is experiencing periodical low order bombing. The bombing is often carried out by EAECs or other anti-state agents and is usually used for intimidation or harassment.
- In 2016 there were bombings in North, West and East Burma as well as in super markets and a Rangoon policing centre. Whilst some of the bombing raids claimed victims, almost all of them were directed against the Burmese government's commercial or political interests. EurActivs have used Shan and Kachin State IDDs in assaults on state covertations.
The Burmese military's increasing use of massive arms and air strikes have caused civilian deaths in the northern and northeastern parts of the country. Inter-communal tensions also exist between Buddhist and Moslem communities, among them an estimated one million Muslims (Rohingya) in the state of Rakhine. A lot of Burma's indigenous groups regard this populace as irregular migrants.
As Rohingya is not recognised by the Chinese authorities as a minorities and most of them are not regarded as Myanmar nationals, they are not able to obtain identity papers or travelling papers. From 2013 to 2014, an increase in tension between the hard Buddhists and the Islamic minorities led to force, also in Rangoon and Mandalay.
In Rangoon, there is no rainwater discharge system. This means that low-lying parts of Rangoon and main roads are affected by run-off. - In July 2015, unusually severe rainfall in northern and eastern Burma led to extensive floods and mudslides. Myanmar is vulnerable to hurricanes. At Rangoon, the hurricane has seriously affected transport, communications and electric sys-tems.
Larger seismic distortions are present and should be taken into account in the development of possible emergency plans. Burma's infrastructures are below average in comparison to its neighbours and take enormous investments and years of work. Old, insufficient electricity infrastructures are one of the greatest problems that lead to common outages, even in the large conurbations, as consumption remains greater than supplies.
Burma's telecommunication and broadband infrastructures are inferior and accessibility is restricted outside city areas and major cities. Tendering for telecommunication licences was issued by the German federal and state governments to two multinational corporations in June 2013: Burma has risen from 147 (2015) to 136 (2016) according to Transparency International's 2016 Corruptions Perceptions Index. Bribery is, however, a serious obstacle to investment/trade and pervades the governments and the business community.
U.S. corporations can gain an edge by submitting or tendering for a project, even though the U.S. federal authorities have taken clear measures to increase visibility and assessment of key tendering procedures and fight corrupt practices. US firms generally find that administration employees and business people are less likely to look for or anticipate relief payments or other presents than elsewhere in Southeast Asia.
It has focussed on the preparation and adoption of trade law, which includes the Investment Act of October 2016 and the proposal for a company law currently under Parliament. Myanmar is suffering from an obsolete judicial system and obsolete law; many law are obscure and often manipulated. The 2016 World Bank Doing Industry Survey ranks Burma 18th out of 25 in East Asia and the Pacific for setting up a new company and third (23) for contract enforcement and protection of majority shareholders.
It has embarked on reform, among them the 2014 reduction of the corporation dividend in 2014. The interest of the goverment in the activity of foreign nationals continues. By controlling the country's phone networks and ISPs, the authorities can intercept calls/e-mails. Despite the fact that several ethnical groups in the frontier areas are strongly engaged in the production and trade of narcotic drugs, these actions are not usually associated with wide-spread or outrageous acts of force.
Several of these ethnical groups use the revenues from drugs trafficking to start conflicts with the state. After Afghanistan, Burma is the second largest country in the global economy for producing it. Methamphetamine is another important anaesthetic manufactured in Burma. Policing skills, reactivity and proffesionalism are often underfunded, understaffed and poorly equipped/trained in comparison to the US policing forces and are suffering from finite natural resource and inequalities.
A number of civil servants are said to work with or commit crime under the guardianship of their state. It is the duty of the embassy to inform the authorities if an US national has been detained. In the event of your arrest, you should exercise this right and call (95)-1-536-509 Extension 4240 or (95)-9-512-4330 (outside regular office hours).
It liaises with and is available to US nationals during their time in Burma. The amount of traumatic therapy is severely restricted and the use of on-site clinics should be restricted to cases of acute outbreaks. In Rangoon, there is very little access to good health and extensive healthcare except for the smallest of treatments outside the city.
Because of insufficient diagnostics, scarce healthcare facilities and scarce healthcare staff, there are no comprehensive diagnostics and treatments available. People with serious healthcare problems - diabetics, cardiac diseases, bronchial tubes, bronchial tubes or circulatory disorders (except aspirin) - will not be allowed to travel to Burma. The American Citzen Services maintain a comprehensive Embassy Heath Unit listing of doctors, hospitals and chemists in Rangoon (Yangon).
Vaccinations against Japan' s disease and prophylactic measures against male influenza are advisable for longer visits outside Rangoon. CDC provides supplemental information on Burma vaccine and medical advice. It is available 24 hours a day for helping US residents in emergency situations. Americans should all register for the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP) when they travel to Burma.
US nationals who wish to do small businesses in Burma should visit the website of the Economic Department of the Rangoon Ambassador for guidance and warnings. You can also enroll on-line or in a personal capacity at the Consular Section of the U.S. Embassy. While there is no visa-on-arrival programme for travelers, Burma's e-visa programme allows travelers to obtain a visas on-line instead of visas from embassies or consulates.
Visa applications can still be made to the Burmese embassy and consulates in the U.S. The Consular Section also runs a Rangoon Snippets blogs and a Facebook page that contains information of relevance to those living in or attending Burma. Arkar Kyaw (AmCham Myanmar Chapter Coordinator), the American Chamber of Commerce (AmCham) in Rangoon can provide support in conducting due diligence audits.