How Myanmar became a Democratic CountryMyanmar became a democratic country
Burma: Democracies for Democratic Development, Democratic Governance, HSIE Year 6, NSW
This unity's first section talked about how it differs from other types of governance such as oligarchy or dictatorship. In this section we look at a contemporary vision of an undemocratic state, the land of Burma or Myanmar. There is an image of how it can be for those who have no say, how their own land is ruled, but their own destiny is dictatorial.
In the early twentieth centuries, Burma was governed by the British, who had made it part of India. By 1937, the British made Burma a distinct settlement from India. The Second World War began two years later, during which the Japanese took over the area. They were helped to beat the British by the Burma Independence Army (BIA), led by a man called Aung San, who was educated in Japan.
Later, the intelligentsia, which called itself the Antifascist People's Freedom League (AFPFL), assisted the Brits to expel the Japanese from the war. AFPFL chief Aung San was murdered two years later by a competitor as Burma was moving towards UK sovereignty.
Picture One - General Aung San assisted to free Burma from Britain and Japan. 1948 the land became self-sufficient and so began a ten-year democratic period under the AFPF. Taoiseach U Nu asked the General of the Armed Forces, Ne Win, to place the land under temporary armed regime in order to make the whole process stabilize.
Since then, the land has been under strict security forces. Aung San's daugther, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, came back to Burma in 1988. There was a non-violent rebellion against the Burmese army government or the Burmese people. They reacted by murdering and detaining several thousand demonstrators.
She was so angry that she followed the protest and founded a Zimbabwean opposition group, the NLA. Aung Kyi became very loved by those who demanded Burma's democratic and humanitarian policies, not least because she was the memory of Aung San's child as a heroine of the nation.
Picture Two - In 1988 peace demonstrations were forcibly repressed by the Myanmar government. In the following year, the army leaders arrested Suu Kyi in her house. It was still imprisoned in 1990 when the sovereigns were holding polls. Aung San Suu Kyi's NLD side won the vote slightly, so Suu Kyi should have been the country's premier.
However, the NLD was denied full NLD oversight. From time to time they allowed the political parties to meet in a meeting, but they got so involved that the NLD finally gave up governing the state. Burma is being continued by the Burmese Army Junior. As with the 1990 election, which did not lead to any democratic process, the Burmese government has begun to discuss a new constitutional system for the nation and to reintroduce it gradually back into it.
Burma's army leaders lead the nation in the same way as other dictatorial regimes. There is very little liberty for them to say or do what they want. It is the administration that oversees most of the life of the population, even the population to whom someone is permitted to address. Humans often have to ask permissions to do essential everyday work.
At times the laws are changed without everyone being aware of it, so that in the end they are penalized if they do not know that they have violated a law. Burmese do, who they talk to, what they say, and so on. It is one way they do this is to have many spy mongers who mingle with the populace.
Often there is no idea who could be spying on the military forces around them, even in isolated areas. Yet the regime does not want them to know what it is doing. She' s controlling what is said in the press and will only allow the press to say kind things about the regime.
It' s difficult for the Myanmar population to find out what is going on in other nations or what other nations are saying about the Burma crisis. There' s a great deal of bribery, which means that the leaders and their fellows feel well, but many of them are very poverty-stricken.
Burmese have very little healthcare or educational spending by the Burmese and it can be hard to get daily provisions such as gasoline. and sometimes obliges them to work on these unpaid missions. An example of these is a new capitol being created in the heart of the state.
The Burmese, like many others around the globe, are living in terror of their leaders, but they know that criticism of them can mean prison or even their deaths.