How many Population in BurmaWhat's the population of Burma?
Myanmar Muslims dead
WASHINGTON, Feb 9 (IslamOnline) - About 15-20 Rohingya Muslims were murdered in Moley Phara city of Myanmar (formerly known as Burma), the International Islamic News Agency (IINA) said on Friday. Recent accounts suggest that Myanmar's army, which came much later after the incident, has taken over.
Such deeds are commonplace in the land, especially in the Arakan area, where the government is allegedly trying to destroy Muslims by using all kinds of suppressive and suppressive tactics," says she. "to do their filthy work of inciting and awakening anti-Muslim feelings."
Moslems make up about 15% of Myanmar's population. Since a 1962 war putsch, Myanmar/Burma's Muslim population has become a constant destination for consecutive oppressive reign. More than 300,000 Myanmarese were evicted in 1978, and another 300,000 were formally alienated under the 1982 law of the state.
The Myanmar Population Quensus shows big gap between city and country
Last April, the Myanmar government carried out the first ever Myanmar Population Quensus in three decade-long censuses. Results were published at the end of last months (followed by a one-day hacking race to make the results of the recent survey more legible). Funded by the UN Population Fund, the three-year long expedition costs over $60 million.
There are still a number of sectorial declarations to be made, as well as the extremely delicate publication of information on religious and ethnic origin. However, what has been published is a wealth of information that will be critical to the countrys economic growth. It shows a history of two countries: an urban and a very rustic one.
The government teased the population last year. Myanmar's population is said to be 60 million, but the headcount has been reduced to 51.5 million. A number of demonstrators noted that the prior figures were based on zero migration and in support of the government's wish to show a population.
Recent publication of the Myanmar Population Survey shows the challenge ahead, with the greatest challenge being to close the rural-city gap. About 70% of the population live in highly concentrated countryside areas (38%) in the three main Burmese areas of Yangon, Mandalay and Ayeyawaddy. There have been reports of high levels of illiteracy (often in former UK colonies).
Astonishingly, the alphabetization ratio is 89. Whilst alphabetization levels in the countryside (87%) and in cities (95%) are similar, there are marked disparities between some of Burma's ethnically diverse minorities and the Burmese population. Most dramatically, the Shan state with an mean of 65% alphabetization (59% for women), but other countryside areas such as Kayin (74%), Chin (79%), Kayah (82%) and Rakhine (85%) are all significantly below mean.
A similar situation applies to budgetary information on service accessibility. More than 5% of the city' s population reports that they use power as a domestic lightning supply, compared to 15% in the countryside. 69 % of homes use wood or wood coal for their kitchen, 92% of them in the countryside and 52% in the city.
Surprisingly, the avarage home population is 33% - until recently Simkarten were prohibitively pricey - but here too there is a gap between the country (21%) and city ((64%) population. Pervasiveness will be an important part of developing and financing the countryside, as I have already mentioned.
About 72% of passenger vehicles, lorries and transporters are in city areas, as against 28% in city areas, where 29% of homes in the countryside are still driven by ox-cartts. According to the survey, 2 million of the population live outside Myanmar (61% were men), half of them from the countries of Mon, Kayin and Shan in the east.
Thailand accounts for up to 70% of foreign residents, followed by Malaysia (15%), China (5%), Singapore (4%) and the USA (2%). There are 93 men per 100 women, and the survey puts 4% of the population out of work, despite being almost twice as high among 15-29 year-olds. It emphasizes the work that needs to be done to close the rural-city gap in Myanmar.
Developing equitable and integrated economic and social progress could help Myanmar to get other nations in the area on the road to prosperity. According to a recent UNESCAP prediction, Myanmar could abandon the Least Developped Country shortlist by 2018. Recently, Naypyidaw has started to introduce the introduction of provisional "pink" IDs, although this follows the disputed recovery of several hundred thousand provisional "white" IDs, many of which were retained by Rohingya (this was after the collection of the people' s count information, which means that the real number for those without IDs is probably one percent or so higher).
Next issue will be the publication of extremely fragile ethnical and religious information (see my earlier contribution here), which will undoubtedly trigger a noisy open discussion and is very likely given the volatility of ethnical tension, protest and possible violent events in Myanmar. These issues are not unanticipated and the Myanmar government's monitored publication of information should alleviate some of the consequences.
Up to now published information from the U.S. Population Survey should be used to build a better, more comprehensive and equitable Myanmar.