How many People in YangonLike many people in Yangon
Department of Labour, Immigration and.
Myanmar's demography - a close look
The 2014 Myanmar 2014 Cadensus - the first in over 30 years - was published in late May. In spite of the high cost of the national population, its results are priceless as they form a solid statistic base for policy decisions and donors' intervention in the coming years. Trustworthy information is a luxurious commodity in the nation, with many of the headlines used by business, governments and civic groups being just a rag rug of outdated valuations and sometimes even mental puzzles.
In this sense, the results of the public opinion polls give a decisive demographical picture of what some people in Southeast Asia call the "last frontier". There was a long period of great insecurity about how many Myanmar residents actually had, with estimations between 50m and 70m. Censuses, which took place from 29 March to 10 April last year, were taken by the Ministry of Immigration and Population in cooperation with the UN Population Fund.
Preliminary results were published in August 2014 with some unexpected results. They showed in particular that the country's real populations of 51.5 million were significantly lower than previously assumed. Burma has a significantly large adolescent population: the average is 27 years old and about 55% are under 30, according to recently published numbers.
The spread of young people, who account for about a fourth of the 15-29 age group, is an ideal occasion for sustained economy. In fact, Myanmar's overall dependence rate is dropping to 52. Five in 2014 compared to 73. Year 9 in 1983 (the last census) means that each worker has fewer relatives.
Myanmar's people are not only young, they are also quite educated. At about half the overall mean as a percentage of GDP (based on our estimates), this level of illiteracy is reassuring given Myanmar's obsolete and poorly financed learning system. Free mobility of people is crucial for policy makers and multinational donor organisations, whether they are domestic (e.g. urbanisation) or foreign (emigration).
According to the survey, about 2 million people from Myanmar live abroad, 70% of whom live in Thailand. Despite the continuing mismanagement of refugees in the region's water, this vast southeastern neighbor still offers greater financial opportunity for many of Myanmar's semi-skilled labor. Conversely, 61% of the 2m abroad are men, which explains the difference in Myanmar's gender balance (93 men per 100 women).
Note that the people' s count is not the real scale of illicit immigration that occurs on the margins of frontier states such as Shan, Kayin and Kayah. Myanmar's incorporation into the Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN) Economic Community could bring greater certainty about the number of migrants in the near term, but the actual integrating processes could also lead to an increasing flow of illicit workers to neighboring nations if domestic salaries do not grow fast enough.
Inadequate employment possibilities are also a cause of illegal or other emigration, with an overall Myanmar jobless at 4% (based on figures from the census), which is high in comparison with those in the immediate area. Conversely, there is little movement between the states of Myanmar. In fact, little has happened since the 1973 survey to compare the share of the overall populations in each country.
However, Yangon has the largest growth, as it is now 14. 3 percent of the total populace, compared to 11 percent in 1973. Ayeyarwady now has the highest number of inhabitants - a post previously occupied by Ayeyarwady. The immigration to Yangon underlines its importance as Myanmar's trading city. Is the information 100% reliable?
Myanmar has always been about the credibility of Myanmar Population Information, especially when it comes to gathering numbers in areas of war. In view of these misgivings, it is laudable that 98% of the face-to-face interview was carried out, despite the lack of access to parts of the state. However, there were some remarkable exceptions to the popular-cycle.
For example, in the state of Kachin, 25 parts of the town were not surveyed, while around 31% of the Rakhine state's inhabitants were not cited. This exclusion highlights Myanmar's continuing issues of domestic conflicts, ethnical divisions, the still powerful impact of tribal arms and its deep mistrust of the state. The fact that the Rakhine minorities, Rohingya, were unable to personally determine their own ethnicity shows the much slandered attitude of the regime towards this marginalized group.
Publication of supplementary information on issues of race, creed and occupying has been postponed to 2016. It is likely a reaction to the fact that electoral processes are nearing and the publication of sensible information could lead to tension. However, by and large, the cycle will be useful in the next few month.
Completing Myanmar's first ever Myanmar Population Quensus in three decade-long shows how the country's administration can meet huge technological challenge. In the meantime, information on various issues of public and private healthcare, such as infant deaths, will be of inestimable value to the UN and non-governmental organizations to better focus their work. Overall, the 2014 survey will fill large statistics gap in Myanmar and provide a better view of the country's outlook.