Ho chi Minh CityHi chi Minh City
Tree spread in the city. Area (tilted place, left) 1815. Nowadays, this is the area of Ho Chi Minh City. The Ho Chi Minh City began as a small fishermen settlement, probably known as Prey Nokor, "Forest City", or perhaps Preah Reach Nokor, which according to a Khmer chronicle means "royal city".
The area that the city takes up today was initially wooded and was populated by Khmer hundreds of years before the advent of the Khmerese. King Chey Chettha II of Cambodia (1618-28) permitted 1623 Viet Namese fugitives on the run from the civilian conflict Tr?nh-Nguy?n in Vietnam to resettle in the area of Prey Nokor and establish a custom office there.
Prey Nokor gradually became known as Saigon. Cambodia's entry into the Baltic Sea was interrupted by the city' s and the Mekong Delta' s deaths. Following the 1955 autonomy of South Vietnam from France, the Saïgon-Cholon region became a unified city in 1956, following the fusion of the two towns of Saïgon and Cholon to form Saïgon.
The former emperor B?o ??i made Saigon the Vietnamese state' capitol in 1949 with himself as president. The 1954 Geneva Agreement divided Vietnam along the seventeenth latitude (B?n H?i River), with the comunist Vi?t Minh under Ho Chi Minh, who took full command of the north half of the country, while the Saigon administration remained in power over the state of Vietnam, which gained autonomy from France in the south half of the land and in the south half.
In 1955, the state formally became the Republic of Vietnam when B?o ??i was removed by its Prime Minister Ngô ?ình Di?m in a 1955 referenda. A neighbouring city, Saigon and Cholon, with a predominantly Chinese-Vietnamese population, were merged into an administration known as ?ô Thành Sài Gòn (capital Saigon) or Th? ?ô Sài Gòn (provincial capital Saigon).
With the end of the Vietnam War on April 30, 1975, the city came under the domination of the Vietnam People's Army. Amidst the Viet Nam di-aspora community and especially in the USA (which had been fighting against the communists), this incident is generally referred to as the "fall of Saigon", while the Socialist Republic of Vietnam calls it the "liberation of Saigon".
After the founding of the United Communist Socialist Republic of Vietnam in 1976, the city of Saigon (including Cholon), the Gia region of Ð?nh and two suburbs of two other neighboring counties were merged into Ho Chi Minh City in honour of the deceased Chinese Socialist Party commander H? Chí Minh.
Saigon's former name is still frequently used by many Viet Namese, especially in informally context. In general, the word Saigon is used only to refer to the neighborhoods of Ho Chi Minh City. As of 2003, Ho Chi Minh City is a community at the same territorial scale as the province of Vietnam, divided into 24 subdivisions at county level:
Ho Chi Minh City People's Committees is a 13-member body of the city government. A number of vice-chairmen of the Board are responsible for different municipalities. Ho Chi Minh City People's Council is the city's legislature and has 95 members.
is the Ho Chi Minh City People's Court. Ho Chi Minh City Communist Party Executive Committee is the premier body of the Communist Party in Ho Chi Minh City. At the time of the 1 October 2004 Ho Chi Minh City general census the population was 6,117,251 (19 inner boroughs with 5,140,412 and 5 suburbs with 976,839 inhabitants).
In mid-2007 the city had 6,650,942 citizens - 5,564,975 in the 19 inner boroughs and 1,085,967 in the five suburbs. Census results for 2009 show that the city had 7,162,864 inhabitants, about 8.34% of Vietnam's overall populace, making it the most populous city in the state.
At the end of 2012, the city' s overall populace was 7,750,900, an 8.1% rise over 2011. It is also the biggest province in terms of size of its administration. Ho Chi Minh City residents are mostly known in English as "Saigonese" and in Vietnamese as "dân Sài Gòn".
Mahayana Buddhism with Taoism and Confucianism (through genealogy ), which are often practiced together in the same sanctuary, are the three most common religious traditions in Ho Chi Minh City. A large Roman Catholic fellowship exists, accounting for about 10% of the city's people. Other minorities are Hòa H?o, Cao ?ài, Protestants, Muslims, Hindus and members of the Bahá'í faith.
Located approximately 15 km (9 miles) from Ho Chi Minh City Center, the site is home to a number of local computer businesses and dot.com businesses. Along with the Hi-Tech Center in District 9 and the 32 ha large Silicon Valley based within the Tan Thuan Export Processing Zone in District 7 of the city, Ho Chi Minh City will become an important high-tech city in the South East Asian area.
Several of the major commercial centers and squares that have recently opened are among others: Three million overseas visitors, about 70% of the country's tourist population, came to the city in 2007. All freight traffic to the harbours of Ho Chi Minh City amounted to 50. five million tonnes, almost a third of the overall volume for Vietnam.
There are a number of bus shelters in Ho Chi Minh City where busses run to and from other locations in Vietnam. The city of Ho Chi Minh has two highways of the North-South highway network that link the city with other counties. Ho Chi Minh City - Trung Luong Express Road, opened in 2010, connects Ho Chi Minh City with Ti?n Giang and the Mekong Delta.
The second is Ho Chi Minh City - Long Thanh - Dau Giay Expressway, opened in 2015, connects the city with ??ng Nai, Bà R?a-V?ng Tàu and southeast Vietnam. 69 ] The Ho Chi Minh City - Long Khanh Expressway is planned and will be built in the near time.
Its healthcare system is relatively advanced with a network of about 100 state hospital or healthcare centers and tens of private clinic buildings. The 1,400-bed hospital Ch? R?y, which was modernised with Japan's help, and the France-sponsored Institute of Cardiology and City International Hospital are among the best healthcare institutions in Southeast Asia.
Among those who operate in Ho Chi Minh Ville tätig sind, gehören die Vietnam Data Communication Company (VDC), Corporation for Finance and Promoting Technology (FPT), Netnam Company, Saigon Post and Telecommunications Services Corporation (Saigon Postel Corporation, SPT) und Viettel Company. Like all of Vietnam, there is regulation of web browsing; sites with politically or religious sensitivity are regularly blocked and certain sites have been closed, although civil servants dispute that this is deliberate.
More than two million landline telephone lines and about fifteen million mobile handsets are available in the city (the latter grows by 20% annually). The most important high school in Ho Chi Minh City are Lê H?ng Phong High School for the Gifted, Ph? Thông N?ng Khi?u High School for the Gifted, Tr?n ??i Ngh?a High School for the Gifted, Nguy?n Th??ng Hi?n High School, Nguy?n Th? Minh Khai High School, Gia ??nh High School, Lê Quý ?ôn High School, Marie Curie High School, Võ Th? Sáu High School and others.
Although the former school buildings are all open to the general population, Ho Chi Minh City also offers the possibility of privately funded schooling. Ho Chi Minh City higher education is an emerging industrial sector; the city has more than 80 higher educational institutions with a combined student population of over 400,000. Among bemerkenswerten Universitäten gehören die Vietnam National University, Ho Chi Minh Ville, mit 50.000 Studenten, die auf sechs Schulen verteilt sind ; The University of Technology (vietnamesisch : ??i Th? Among bemerkenswerten Universitäten gehören die Vietnam National University, Ho Chi Minh Ville, mit 50.000 Studenten, die auf sechs Schulen verteilt sind ; The University of Technology (vietnamesisch : ??i Th? Bách kohaa, ehemals Phú Th? Centre National de Technology) ; The University of Sciences (ehemals Saigon College of Science) ; The University of Social Sciences and Humanities (ehemals Saigon College of Letters) ; The International University ; The University of Economics and Law et
A few andere wichtige Hochschulen sind die HCMC University of Pädagogik, University of Economics, University of Architecture, Pham Ngoc Thach University of Medicine Nong Lam University (ehemals University of Agriculture and Forestry), University of Law, University of Technical Bildung, University of Banking, Université of Industrial, Open University,Université of Sports and Physical Bildung as well as, Université des beaux arts, Université of Fine Arts, University of Culture, Conservatory of Music, Institut of Technology Saigon, V?n Lang University, Saigon University, Uund Hoa Sen
Some of the most famous buildings in the city center are the reunification palace (Dinh Th?ng Nh?t), the city hall (?y bank na hân dan nan thành ph? ), the city theater (Nhà haat ta hành ph?, also known as the opera), Municipal Post Office (B?u B?u th? B?u thành ph? ), Landesbank Office (Ngân nhàng na n??c), People's Court (Tòa án na hân na nhành ph?) and Notre-Dame Cathedral (Nhà th? ??c Bà).
There are several different museum in the city, among them the Ho Chi Minh City Museum, the Museum of Vietnamese Heritage, the Revolution Museum, the Museum of the Southeastern Armed Forces, the War Remnants Museum, the Museum of Southern Women, the Museum of Fine Arts, the Nha Rong Memorial House, and the Ben Duoc Relic of Underground Tunnels.
C? Chi Tunnel is located northwest of the city in the C? Chi District. Saigon Zoo and the Botanical Garden in District 1 date back to 1865. ??m Sen Tourism and Culture Park, Su?i Tiên Leisure and Culture Park and C?n Gi? Eco beach resorts are three of the city's most visited tourist attractions.
In 2005 [update] Ho Chi Minh City hosted 91 soccer pitches, 86 public baths, 256 fitness studios. The biggest arena in the city is the 25,000 spectator Th?ng Nh?t arena, which is situated on ?ào Duy T? Street, Station 6 of District 10. The Phú Th? Racecourse, another remarkable sports resort founded during the early days of colonisation, is the only circuit in Vietnam.
Its Department of Physical Education and Sports also administers a number of the city' s club districts, such as Phan Dinh Phung, Thanh Da and Yet Kieu. It is home to a number of different sports teams. Ho Chi Minh City F.C., one of the city's biggest club, is located at Th?ng Nh?t Stadium.
The Navibank Saigon F.C., established as Quân Khu 4, also headquartered at Th?ng Nh?t Stadium, became first league champion in the 2008 campaign and was moved to the V-League in 2009. The city of Ho Chi Minh City is the second biggest arts city in Vietnam. Renowned venues in Ho Chi Minh City are the Ho Chi Minh City Museum of Fine Arts and various fine arts galeries in Nam Ky Khoi Nghia St., Tran Phu St. and Bui Vien St..
~676 (2006) Posted on November 25, 2007 at the Wayback Machine. 081 Filed on October 29, 2007 at the Wayback Machine. Bình D??ng People of the province: 1.2 million (2007) Archives on December 21, 2007 on the Wayback Machine. the people of Ho Chi Minh City: 5,037,155 (1999) Filed on November 30, 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
"From the National Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, 6 th term, 1 st meeting, for the official change of name from Saigon-Gia Dinh City to Ho Chi Minh City. National Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam In view of the limitless affection of the Saigon-Gia Dinh City population for President Ho Chi Minh and their desire for the city to be given its name;
Given the long and arduous struggles for revolution that have begun in Saigon-Gia Dinh City with several splendid deeds, it is worthy of the honour of being nominated after President Ho Chi Minh; after the discussion on the proposal of the Presidium of the National Assembly session, Saigon-Gia Dinh City resolves to change its name to Ho Chi Minh City.
"Sayigon to Ho Chi Minh City." Popular Committee of Ho Chi Minh City. Archives from the originals on 7 February 2011. Returned on June 15, 2010. Since then, the name changed by the Annamites into the name SEIGON was mistakenly applied by the French expedition to today's SEIGON, whose local name is BEN-NGHE or BEN-THANH.
Archives from the orginal on 5 May 2010. Returned on September 9, 2017. By the way, the Khmer name for Saigon is pretty nocor; loot means wood, nocor home or city. Area, Inhabitants and Demographics by Province". VIETNAM GENERAL STATISTIC OFFICE. Statistics office in Ho Chi Minh City.
Archives from the orginal from December 8, 2015. "Ho Chi Minh City Epistle in Homage to My Vietnam Veteran Father." Returned on October 15, 2012. About Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC). Returned on August 13, 2009. "DEVELOPING OURBOUR FORM: HIGH CHI MINH CITY (SAIGON)". Returned on October 15, 2012. Nguy?n Chí Minh H? H? 2025 là 10 tri?u H? Nguy?n nh?ng nay ng??i ?ã ??t 13 ng??i H? Nguy?n (Chairman Nguy?n Phong Thành:
Ho Chi Minh City's formal populace is expected to be 10 million by 2025, but this figure rose to 13 million in 2017. Returned on July 17, 2018. April 25, 2008. Touch Bora,'Jacobsen Story Challenged', The Phnom Penh Post, April 21, 2006. Chí Minh (1890-1969)". Brought back on June 1, 2010.
Truong Mealy (former Ambassador of Cambodia to Japan), cited in Touch Bora, "Jacobsen story challenged", Phnom Penh Post, 21 April 2006. May Th?c, V??ng l?u truy?n ?ày: H??ng s? H??ng Th?c, Nhà xu?t b?n V?n V?n b?n V?n home - thoningin, 2004, p. 580; Giáo s? home Xuân Vi?t, Nguy?n minh Ti?n hi?u hi?u ?ính, tìm hi?u l?ch l?ch ng? ng?, chi minh city, công ty V?n home H??ng Trang, p. 31-33; Helen Jarvis, Cambodia, Clio Press, 1997, p.xxiii.
Archives of the first colonists. Archives from the originals on 29 September 2008. Returned on September 25, 2008. Ho Chi Minh City and Surroundings Guide - Vietnam Travel. Woollacott, Martin (April 21, 2015). "Some forty years after the fall of Saigon, witness to the end of the Vietnam War." The Guardian.
Brought back on April 3, 2010. The Ha Noi und Ho Chi Minh Ville Power Grid Development Sector Project" (PDF). Archives from the Genuine (PDF) on 23 July 2018. Returned on January 27, 2015. Vietnam Building Code Natural Physical & Climatic Data for Construction" (PDF) (auf Vietnamesisch). Viet Nam Institute for Building Science and Technology.
Archives from the Genuine (PDF) on July 22, 2018. Returned on July 23, 2018. World Weather Information Service - Ho Chi Minh City. Returned on September 5, 2012. It'?s a bit of a "Statistical Bureau of Ho Chi Minh City." Archives from the orginal on April 3, 2010. Brought back on April 3, 2010.
General Statistical Office of Vietnam. Brought back on October 4, 2010. Bounced 2013-04-22. Archives from the orginal on 23. September 2010. Brought back on October 4, 2010. "Hô Chí Minh (Hôchiminh Ville) (Archdiocese) [Catholic Hierarchy]". catholic-hierarchy.org. 2005 stats filed on November 13, 2007 at the Wayback Machine. ^ On the city' s formal website.
Ho Chi Minh City Economics Institute Archives April 15, 2008 at the Wayback Engine.... "Forbes' Vietnam profile." Returned on April 24, 2012. Hàn Ni, "TPHCM v?n bi?t ??u ??u v?n FDI vì v?n FDI vì v?n pách v?n phá" Archives on April 15, 2009 at the Wayback Engine.... Posted in the Wayback Automatic on April 4, 2008.
Minh Anh, "Quy mô piêu dur 41.5 t? USD: Ho Chi Minh City attracting 2008 FDI records". Archives from the orginal on 19 May 2009. Archives from the originals on 16 January 2013. Returned on April 24, 2012. GNP billion qua n ??u H? Hàn?im?i TP H? H? Chí Minh Hàn?im?i 5. 131 US$ - Hàn?im?i".
Returned 2015-05-29. Brought back on April 3, 2010. Returned on April 24, 2012. Archives from the orginal (PDF) from October 8, 2006. Returned on May 19, 2008. Trains from Ho Chi Minh City - Tariff and Timetable | Vietnam Railways. vietnam-railway.com. Returned 2017-01-31. Archives from the originals on 1 April 2012. Returned on April 24, 2012.
City for the extension of waterways. Viet Nam Intelligence. April 19, 2010. Archives from the orginal on 21. April 2010. Brought back on October 3, 2017. Hans-Heinrich Bass, Thanh Trung Nguyen (April 2013). Ho Chi Minh City Metro. Brought back on April 4, 2010. Dinh Muoi. Archives from the orginal on 6 May 2016.
Returned on May 8, 2016. Returned on May 8, 2016. OpenNet Initiative Vietnam Report: Universtity research team finds an rise in Internet censorship in Vietnam". The Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University. Returned on July 15, 2008. Website of the RMIT University". Returned on April 24, 2012. Returned on December 5, 2014. Saigon International University. siu.edu.vn.
Archives from the originals on 3 March 2013. Returned on March 2, 2013. Archives from the originals on 7 March 2013. Returned on March 2, 2013. Archives from the orginal on October 29, 2008. Returned on March 2, 2013. 3 ] Filed on April 4, 2008 at the Wayback Machine. Ho Chi Minh City Backpacker City Tuoi Tre News.
^ Practice and Sport Filed on December 30, 2009 at the Wayback Machine.... I' m PSO Ho Chi Minh City. October 22, 2011. Returned on April 24, 2012. SSA Saigon Heat joins the AirAsia ASEAN Basketball League. 20 October 2011. Archives from the originals on 27 December 2011. October 9, 2010. Returned on January 8, 2011.
"Ho Chi Minh City". Returned on April 9, 2018. Minsk City Executive Committee Section for Minutes and Foreign Affairs. Archives from the originals on 2 May 2013. Bounced 2013-07-21.