The Hindustani language is a standardised and Sanskritised register of Hindi (Devanagari: ?????

?, IAST: Hind?), or Modern Standard Hindi. Collins official English-Hindi dictionary online. The Modern Standard Hindi, a standardized and Sanskritized version of Hindustani; the central zone of Indo-Aryan languages. Together, Hindi and Urdu are spoken by nearly one billion people in Pakistan and India. This is a tool for Hindi translation from English to Hindi powered by google. english hindi conversion site need unicode hindi font.

chip class="mw-headline" id="Etymology">Etymology

The Hindi is the lingua franca of the Hindi belts and to a smaller degree all of India (mostly in a simplistic or pidginised variant like Bazaar Hindustani or Haflong Hindi). A number of other official Hindi terminologies outside India do not apply to the Hindi dialect described here, but are derived from other Hindustani idioms, such as Awadhi and Bhojpuri.

Among these are Fiji Hindi, which is officially in Fiji, and Caribbean Hindustani, a recognised in Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana and Suriname. 16 ][17][18][19] Besides the technical terminology, the Hindi can be understood with Urdu, another recognised Hindustani registry. The Hindi word for Hindi is the Khariboli dialect[24], the popular saying in and around Delhi, which replaced former prestigious Hindi diacritics such as Awadhi, Maithili (sometimes considered to be separated from the Hindi continent) and Braj.

The Hindustani - another type of Hindustani - gained language recognition in the later Mughal era (1800s) and gained significant Iranian clout. Contemporary Hindi and its literature developed towards the end of the eighteenth  century. However, the early literature phases of Hindi before standardisation can be dated back to the sixteenth cent.

It was in the latter part of the nineteenth centuary that a Hindi development trend took shape as a standardized Hindustani version of the Urdu. 27 ] In 1881, Bihar Hindi was adopted as the only officially recognized foreign tongue and replaced Urdu, becoming the first state in India to do so. In 1954, the Government of India established a Hindi Basic Gramar of Contemporary Hindi Preparation Commission; the Committee's 1958 Basic Gramar of Contemporary Hindi was published.

Standardization of spelling using Hindi alphabet by the Hindi Directorate of the Ministry of Education and Culture to achieve consistency of spelling, enhance the form of some signs of Divanagari and introduce diacritical signs to translate sound from other tongues. On 14 September 1949, the Constituent Assembly adopted Hindi as the formal Indiananguage.

Now it is hailed as Hindi day. Section XVII of the Indian Constitution addresses the Indian Commonwealth's formal Clanguage. In accordance with Article 343, the Union's formal EU lingo was made mandatory, including Hindi in Devanagari and English: The Union's task is to encourage the dissemination of the Hindi tongue, to encourage its development so that it can be a means of expressing all aspects of India's compound civilization and to ensure its enhancement by adopting the shapes, styles and phrases used in Hindustani and in the other listed tongues without prejudice to its own mastery and, where necessary or desired, to draw its terminology mainly in Sanskrit and, secondly, in other tongues.

Art. 344 (2b) provides for the establishment of an informal linguistic committee every ten years, recommending measures for the gradual use of the Hindi and restricting the use of the British languages by the trade unions bureau. On a day-to-day basis, the formal linguistic committees are always keen to encourage Hindi, but do not impose any limitations on its use.

On the state plane, Hindi is the formal grammar of the following states: Hindi: 35 ][36] Each can also refer to a "co-official language"; in Uttar Pradesh, for example, this is usually Urdu, according to the group' s rank. Hindi will also become an officially recognised foreign tongue in the following areas of the Union:

The Hindi language is also used to refer to a large Nepalese Madheshi populace (people with origins in northern India who emigrated to Nepal for centuries). Besides the technical terminology Hindi is understandable to each other with Standard Urdu, another recognised Hindustani régis. For some Pakistanis who are speaking Urdu, which like Hindi belongs to Hindustani, Hindi is quite simple to comprehend.

Hindi is also referred to as the great Hindi minority, which comes from or has its origins in the "Hindi belt" of India. The large North Indo-American minority of diasporas live in the United States, the United Kingdom, the United Arab Emirates, Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, Suriname, South Africa, Fiji and Mauritius, where they are addressed at home and among their own Hindustani language community.

Beyond India, it is 8 million in Nepal; 649,000 in the United States of America;[42] 450,170 in Mauritius; 380,000 in Fiji;[41] 250,292 in South Africa; 150,000 in Suriname;[43] 100,000 in Uganda; 45,800 in Great Britain;[44] 20,000 in New Zealand; 20,000 in Germany; 16,000 in Trinidad and Tobago;[43] 3,000 in Singapore.

From a linguistic point of view, Hindi and Urdu are two tabs of the same tongue that understand each other. 45 ] Hindi is in Devanagari writing and uses more Sanskrit words, while Urdu is in Perso-Arab writing and uses more Arab and Farsi words. Hindustani is the most widely used of India's languages.

It is the Pakistani lingua franca and one of 22 Indian vernaculars. India's government uses Hunter ian translation as its formal system for Hindi written in Romansh. Hindi words are conventionally classified into five main catagories according to their etymology:

They are words written in Hindi as well as Sanskrit (with the exception of the lack of definitive case inflections). 48 ] These are words that were derived from Sanskrit via Prakrit and have remained unchanged (e.g. Hindi ??? n?m / Sanskrit ??? ??? ??? n?ma, name; Hindi ???? Karms / Sanskrit ???? Karms, de-ed, action; Karms ),[49] as well as documents that in recent years have been taken directly from Sanskrit (e.g. ????????? pr?rthan?, "prayer").

50 ] The pronunciation, however, corresponds to Hindi standards and may deviate from classic Sanskrit. Of course Hindi got a lot of his words from ?aurasen? Pr?k?t in the shape of tajava words. As a rule, this includes a compensation extension of vocals before consonants in prakrite, e.g. Sanskrit t?k??a > Prakrit trikkha > Hindi t?kh?.

A large part of Modern Hindi terminology is taken from Sanskrit as loans of Tatam, especially in the areas of technology and academia. Hindi is a more prestigeous language than other vernacular Hindi. The Hindi language is a more popular language because it has superseded much of the Persian, Arab and British vocabularies with a neologism that composes Hindi words.

Hindustani Hindi is subdivided into four distinctive types or styles: Bhakti (devotional - Kabir, Raskhan); ???g?r (beauty - Keshav, Bihari); V?g?th? (epic); and ?dhunik (modern). The Hindi language of the Middle Ages is influenced by the Bhakti movements and the composing of long, epochs. This was mainly in other Hindi strains, especially Avadhi and Braj Bhasha, but to some extent also in Khariboli, the base for Hindi Standardism.

Yug ("Age of Dwivedi") in Hindi language from 1900 to 1918. Its name is derived from Mahavir Prasad Dwivedi, who plays an important part in the establishment of Modern Standard Hindi in poesy and the expansion of the accepted themes of Hindi poems from the tradition of religious and romance lovem.

Hindi literatures experienced a boom in the twentieth-century. The Uttar ?dhunik is the postmodern era of Hindi literary work, characterized by a survey of the early fashions that imitated the West, as well as the excessively ornamental nature of the Ch?y?v?d? movements, and a resurgence in simplicity of speech and nature.

Most Hindi papers also publish digitally. This text is an example in High Hindi, Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (by the United Nations): Hindia ????????? 1 (??) - ?? ?????? ? ?? ?? ?? ???????? ?? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ??????????? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ??? ????-? ??????? ?? ?????????

The Hindi Divas - the formal celebration of Hindi as a foreign tongue. General Registrar and Census Commissioner of India. Encyclopaedia of Linguistics and Linguistics (2 ed.). Archives from the orginal on July 16, 2017. Hindi Headquarters: Archiveed from the orginal on May 4, 2012. "Hindi". Constitution of India.

Archiveed from the orginal on April 2, 2012. Formal Language-Related Part 17 of the Indian Constitution". Departement oficial Language, Government of India. Archives from the orginal on January 13, 2017. Accessed February 15, 2017. Archives from the orginal on September 11, 2017. Archives from the orginal on 29.10.2013.

"There is no local tongue in India: This is The Times of India. Archives from the orginal on March 18, 2014. Hindi, not a local language: Press Trust of India. Archives from the orginal on July 4, 2014. ab" The order of occurrences in relation to the Unionʼ formal languages.

Archiveed from the orginal on August 2, 2011. ?? ??? ???? ?? ? ?? ?? ?? (Constitution of the Republic of Fiji, the Hindi version) Archived ?? ??? ?? ?? ???? ?? (Constitution of the Republic of Fiji, the Hindi version) Fichi will be filed on November 1, 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Archive (PDF) from the 20 December 2016 issue. Accessed July 16, 2016. "Hindi culture in Mauritius".

Asterisk the 2010 estimate filed on November 11, 2012 at Wayback Machine. for the top ten langauges. Archives from the orginal on July 29, 2017. Accessed February 13, 2018. "Indopersan Literature and Amir Khusro". Accessed February 17, 2018. A brief Hindi story. The Hindi Directorate.

Archives from the orginal on March 6, 2014. Archive copy". Archiveed from the orginal on August 30, 2006. Poesie in gemischter Sprache, Die Entstehung der Khari-Boli-Literatur in Nordindien" (PDF). Archive (PDF) from the 28 March 2016 version. "iUniverse, Incorporated, ISBN 978-0-595-34394-2.

Hindi Diwa's celebration: Archives from the orginal on February 8, 2017. Accessed February 7, 2017. Pinguin Books India. p. 128. How Hindi the election locale in Arunachal Pradesh was filed on December 11, 2016 at the Wayback Machine. The Constitution of India" (PDF). Archive from the orginal (PDF) on September 9, 2014.

Rajbhasha" (PDF). india.gov.in. Archiveed from the orginal (PDF) on January 31, 2012. THE OFFICIAL LANGUAGES ACT, 1963 (AS AMENDED, 1967) (Law No. 19 of 1963). Official language department. Archives from the orginal on December 16, 2016. 50-th Annual General Meeting (July 2012 to June 2013)" (PDF).

Minority Minorities Commissioner, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. Archive from the orginal (PDF) on July 8, 2016. Roy, Anirban (February 28, 2018). "Kamtapuri, Rajbanshi make the language shortlist in". lndia today. Archives from the orginal on 30 March 2018. Archives from the orginal on July 4, 2014.

Fiji Hindi Literary, pronounciation and language". www.omniglot.com. Archives from the orginal on June 8, 2017. Section 4 of the Fiji Constitution. servat.unibe.ch. Archiveed from the orginal on June 9, 2009. Constitution of Fiji. The Fiji government's website. Archives from the orginal on October 11, 2016. Hindi Fiji.

Archives from the orginal on February 11, 2017. Accessed February 17, 2017. Archives from the orginal on February 11, 2017. Accessed February 17, 2017. Archives from the orginal on February 1, 2017. Accessed February 17, 2017. Hindi and Urdu are classed as indexes of the same language". Archives from the orginal on June 2, 2016.

Language, Identity and Politics, Second Edition. Accessed February 17, 2018. It is a story of Hindi grammar tradition: Hindi Hindustani grammar, grammar, story and problems. Hindi phonology issues. Stop getting upset about Marathi - Hindi and British jingoism is much worst in India. Archiveed from the orginal on September 19, 2015.

Hindi online usage is up 94%: Archiveed from the orginal on February 15, 2018. Accessed February 14, 2018. Colloquially Hindi: Released July 19, 2014. Grierson, G. A. Linguistic Survey of India Vol I-XI, Calcutta, 1928, ISBN 81-85395-27-6 (searchable database). Hindi language terminology (PDF). Released July 19, 2014.

Hindi Synopsis: With tutorials (3rd ed.). Released July 19, 2014. "Hindi". Hindi Heart, English Heart: the political life of literature in India. Released July 19, 2014. "Hindi". "Hindi". Hindi teaches yourself (2003 ed.). Taj, Afroz (2002) A Hindi Doors. McGregor, R.S. (1993), Oxford Hindi-English Dictionary (2004 ed.), Oxford University Press, USA .

Wiki voyage has a Hindi phrase book.

Mehr zum Thema