Chanoi (Great Britain: 3 ]US: ;Vietnamese: Hà N?i[hà? nôj?] (list) is the Vietnamese capitol and the country's second biggest town after the people. Situated on the right side of the Red River. Sanoi is located 1,760 km (1,090 mi) northern of Ho Chi Minh and 120 km (75 mi) western of Haiphong.
Between 1010 and 1802 it was the most important Vietnamese economic area. She was overshadowed by Hu?, the Vietnamese Reichshauptstadt during the Nguy?n Dynasty (1802-1945). Hanoi was captured by therench in 1873. Between 1883 and 1945, the town was the administration hub of the Franco-Indochina settlement.
French build a contemporary administration centre just South of old Hanoi, building wide, vertical, tree-lined alleys with operas, cathedrals, publics houses and luxurious mansions, but they also destroy large parts of the town, ceding or scaling down seas and channels and at the same time removing various emperor mansions and fortresses.
Between 1940 and 1945, Hanoi was invaded by the Japanese, as was most of Franco-Indochina and Southeast Asia. Ho Chi Minh declared the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) on 2 September 1945. On January 6, 1946, the Vietnamese National Assembly under Ho Chi Minh resolved to make Hanoi the capitol of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
It was the North Vietnam capitol from 1954 to 1976, and in 1976, after the North won the Vietnam War, it became the capitol of a reunited Vietnam. In October 2010, 1,000 years since the foundation of the town have been celebrated formally. The Hanoi Certified Mozaic is a 6.5 km long ceramics tessellated tessellation that was designed for this event.
In the course of time Hanoi had many officially and informally name. ??i La as well as La Thành are name of big roads in Hanoi. As Lý Thái founded T? 1010 the region's capitol, it received the name Th?ng Long (??, "rising dragon"). For a long time, it became the name of a large motorway viaduct that connects the centre of the town with Noi Bai Airport and the Th?ng Long Boulevard motorway in the south-west of the town centre.
Today, the town is usually called Th?ng Long - Hà N?i when talking about its long story. In the Lê period, Hanoi was called ?ông Kinh (??, "eastern capital"). When the end of the Tây S?n extended further southwards, the town was given the name B?c Thành (??, "northern citadel").
In 1831 Minh M?ng changed the name of the town to Hà N?i (??, "inside (the) river"). Multiple informal Hanoi designations include: Ch? Ch? (market place), Tràng An (long peace), Hà Thành (short for Thành N?i Hà N?i, "City of Hanoi") and Th? ?ô (capital city). Since at least 3000 B.C. Hanoi is occupied.
Loa citadel in Dong Anh district Loa citadel serves as the capitol of the Âu L?c empire, which was established by Th?c immigrant Th?c Phán after his capture of the natives V?n Lang in 258 BC. Lý Thái T?, the first leader of the Lý dynasty, transferred the capitol from ??i Vi?t to the website of ??i La Citadel in 1010.
??i Long stayed the main city from ??i Vi?t to 1397, then it was transferred to Thanh Hóa, then known as Tây ?ô (??), the "Western Capital". From Th?ng to ?ông ?ô (??), "Eastern Capital" was created. "1408 the Chinese Ming Dynasty attacks Vietnam and occupies it, and changes the name ?ông ?ô to Dongguan (Chinese: ??, Eastern Gateway) or ?ông Quan to Sino-Vietnamese.
1428 The Viet Namese ousted the Chinese under the command of Lê L?i, who later established the Lê dynasty and changed its name to ?ông Quan ?ông Kinh (??, "Eastern Capital") or Tonkin. In 1940 the Imperial Japanese invaded the town, which was freed in 1945 when it briefly became the headquarters of the Vietminh administration after Ho Chi Minh declared Vietnam's sovereignty.
In 1946, however, the Romans came back and occupied the town. In 1954, after nine years of struggle between the armed powers of France and Vietnam, Hanoi became the capitol of an autonomous North Vietnam. The Hanoi transport installations were destroyed by the bombardment of railway and bridge structures during the Vietnam Wars. After the end of the Vietnam conflict, Hanoi became the capitol of a unified Vietnam when North and South Vietnam were united again on July 2, 1976.
The decision was taken on 29 May 2008 to integrate the province of Hà Tây, V?nh Mê Linh district of the province of Phúc and 4 municipalities of L??ng S?n Hòa Bình district, province of Hòa Tây, into the Hanoi area as of 1 August 2008. Hanoi's overall area then rose to 334,470 ha in 29 subdivisions, with a new resident of 6,232,940.
Hanoi Capital Region (Vùng Th? ?ô Hà N?i), a conurbation comprising Hanoi and 6 neighbouring counties, will have an area of 13,436 km2 with 15 million inhabitants by 2020. Lately Hanoi has seen a tremendous building boom. </ i>. Wolkenkratzer, which emerge in new areas of the town, drastically altered the townscape and created a contemporary skin outside the old town.
By 2015, Hanoi will be 39th on Emporis' global ranking lists of major cosmopolitan towns with the highest number of 100m tall high-rises; its two highest structures are the Hanoi Landmark 72 Tower (336m, the highest in Vietnam and the second highest in South East Asia after the Petronas Twin Towers in Malaysia) and the Hanoi Lotte Center (272m, also the second highest in Vietnam).
Sanoi is in the north of Vietnam, in the Red River valley, almost 90 km from the coast. There are three main types of areas in Hanoi: the area of the river Danube, the Mittelland and the mountain landscape. Mountain and hilly areas are found in the north and west part of the town.
At 1281 metres, the highest summit is Ba Vi, situated westwards of the town itself. The Hanoi is characterised by a hot, humid, sub-tropical and humid Köppen Cwa region with abundant rainfall. 14 ] The municipality is experiencing the characteristic North Vietnamese weather with 4 different seasonal variations. Winter, from November to January, is arid and cold by international norms.
It is mostly misty and overcast in the winters and has on average only 1.5 hour of summer weather per night in February and March. In 2008, when Hà Tây was amalgamated with Hanoi, Hà ?ông was converted into a neighbourhood, while S?n Tây was downgraded to a county free area. Hanoi's populace is steadily increasing (about 3.5% per year), reflecting the fact that the Hanoi is both a large North Vietnamese metropolitan area and the administrative center of the state.
Hanoi's numbers were raised to 8 positions to meet market demands (October 2008). Subscriber numbers have been randomly modified, but cell telephones and subscriber numbers are readily available in Vietnam, while prepaid cell balances are available in all areas of Hanoi. The trade is another powerful part of the town.
Hanoi had 2,000 companies in 2003 that were active in external commerce and had built links with 161 different counties and regions. Hanois' main shopping areas are Hoàn Ki?m, Hai Bà Tr?ng and ??ng ?a, as well as the emerging locations C?u Gi?y and Nam T? Liêm in the western part. Like Ho Chi Minh City, Hanoi has a fast growing property development area.
The most remarkable new areas are the center of Trung Hòa Nhân Chính, M? ?ình, the luxury areas of The Manor, Ciputra, Royal City in Nguy?n Trãi St. (Thanh Xuân District) and Times City in the Hai Bà Tr?ng District. Most of the old town, near the Hoàn lake Ki?m, preserves the old streets and some of the old Hanoi architectural style.
In the early twentieth centuries, Hanoi was made up of the "36 streets", the fortress and some of the newer structures in France just South of Hoàn Ki?m See, most of which now belong to the Hoàn area. Road designations still mirror these specialisations, although few of them stay solely in their initial business.
Hanoi is a riverside town, constructed on a plain, with many picturesque seas and is sometimes referred to as the "City of Lakes". Hoàn Ki?m The Hanoi Hoàn See, also known as Schwertsee, is the historic and artistic centre of Hanoi and is associated with the myth of the magical centre. It' the biggest one in Hanoi, with lots of terraces in the area.
Best way to see the magnificent majesty of a West Lakeside sundown is to watch it from one of the many bar areas around the West Lakeside, especially from The Summit at Pan Pacific Hanoi (formerly known as Summit Lounge at Sofitel Plaza Hanoi). One of the most important sights of the colonial period in Hanoi is Hanoi:
There are a number of Hanoi museums: Hanoi is sometimes referred to as the "Paris of the East" because of its influence in France. Hanoi is a favourite holiday resort with its tree-lined avenues, more than two tens of seas and thousand of houses from the former France colonies. Hanoi's touristic attractions are generally divided into two major areas: the Old Town and the Quarter of France.
Vietnam's central policy centre, Ba ?ình, has a high density of seats of government in Vietnam, among them the Presidential Palace, the National Assembly and several departments and missions, most of which used administration offices in Colonial France's Indochina. One-column pagoda, Lycée de Protectorat and Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum are also located in Ba Dinh.
To the south of Hoàn Ki?m is the "French Quarter" with several French-colonial sights, among them the Opera Hanoi, the Sofitel Legend Metropole Hanoi Hotel, the National Museum of Viet Nam History (formerly École Française d'Extrême-Orient) and St. Joseph's Cathedral. TripAdvisor has made Hanoi one of the top ten global travel destinations since 2014.
49 ] Hanoi is the cheapest foreign trip in TripAdvisor's TripIndex list. Hanoi will welcome more than 5 million foreign visitors in 2017. In Hanoi there is a wide range of entertainments throughout the town. Water Puppet Tours voted Hanoi one of the top 10 Asian towns for retail touring.
In order to adjust to the fast pace of Hanoi's economy and high demographic densities, many contemporary commercial centres and mega malls have been opened in Hanoi. The Parkson Department Store, Tây S?n Street, ??ng ?a District; Hanoi has a long tradition of fine cuisine. Much of Vietnam's most popular food, such as www. vietnam.ch, www. bánh. cá, www. cánh. com, www. bannh. com, www. bannh. com, www. bannh. com, www. bannh. bánh. bannh. com, www. bannh. bannh. bannh. bannh. bannh. bannh. bannh. bannh.
The Hanoi community is dominated by two variants: There are a number of Hanoi restaurant outlets whose menu includes snake dishes and various types of mosquito. You will find insect-inspired meals in a number of dining establishments in the Khuong Thuong town of Hanoi. 55 ] In the 90s and early 2000s, dog food was loved in Hanoi, but is now rapidly becoming extinct due to severe protest.
Hanoi, as the capitol of Indochina in France, was home to the first West German university in Indochina, among them: Indochina Medical College (1902) - now Hanoi Medical University, Indochina University (1904) - now Hanoi National University (the largest), and École Supérieure des Beaux-Arts de l'Indochine (1925) - now Hanoi University of Fine Art.
In 1954, after the Communist Party of Vietnam took power over Hanoi, many new colleges were established, including Hanoi Technology Institute, still the biggest engineering college in Vietnam. ULIS (University of Languages and International Studies) has recently been ranked as one of the best Southeast Asian schools for bachelor-level linguistic and linguistic education.
The Hanoi School for Public Health and the Hanoi School of Agriculture as well as the University of Transport and Communications are other institutions that do not belong to Vietnam National University or Hanoi University. The Hanoi is the biggest educational centre in Vietnam. Estimates suggest that 62% of researchers across the nation live and work in Hanoi.
Most of the Hanoi campuses are open to the general public, although a number of privately owned campuses have opened in recent years. The Long University, established in 1988 by a group of Vietnamese maths teachers in Hanoi and France, was the first privately run college in Vietnam. As many of Vietnam's most important colleges are in Hanoi, people from other parts of the province (especially in the north) who wish to study at a college often come to Hanoi for the Hanoi Academic Entry Exam.
Usually these meetings take place in June and July, when a large number of participants and their family meet in the town for several week during the intensive exam time. Over the past few years, these admission tests have been co-ordinated by the Ministry of Education, but the admission conditions are set by each individual institution.
Vortertiary (primary and secondary) Hanoi primary education is usually state-run, but there are also some separate primary education establishments. There is a connection to Hanoi from Noi Bai Airport, situated in Soc Son district, about 15 km from Hanoi. Opened in January 2015, the new Multinational Airport T2, which has been developed and constructed by Japan's construction companies, is a major face-lift for Noibai Airport.
At the same a new motorway and the new Nhat Tan cable-stayed viaduct were opened, linking the main station to the main station and providing much more comfort than the old one ( over the Thanglong viaduct). There are plenty of cabs and they usually have metres, although it is also customary to negotiate the fare before taking a cab from the airports to the downtown area.
It is also the starting point or destination for many Vietnam Railways rail services in the state. From Hanoi to Ho Chi Minh City, the Reunification Express (tàu Th?ng Nh?t) departs from Hanoi railway terminal (formerly Hang Co Station), with stations in towns and counties along the route. There are also regular services from Hanoi to Hai Phong and other towns in the north.
The reunification express between Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh includes a stretch of 1,726 km and lasts about 33hrs. In Hanoi, two subway routes are currently underway as part of the Hanoi subway system project. Several gyms and arenas are located throughout the town of Hanoi.
Largest are M? ?ình National Stadium (Lê ??c Th? Th? Boulevard), Quan Ngua Sporting Palace (V?n Cao Avenue), Hanoi Aquatics Sports Complex and M? ?ình Indoor Athletics Gymnasium. In 2009 the third Asian Indoor Games took place in Hanoi. Hanoi: Hanoi is a member of the Asian Network of Major Cities 21 and the C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group.
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Returned on May 29, 2008. Archives (PDF) from the originals on 3 February 2012. Hanoi.gov.vn. Archives from the originals on 21 February 2009. Brought back on October 17, 2015. Vietnam Building Code Natural Physical & Climatic Data for Construction" (PDF) (auf Vietnamesisch). Viet Nam Institute for Building Science and Technology. Archives from the Genuine (PDF) on July 22, 2018.
Returned on July 23, 2018. Weather in Hanoi] (in Russian). Archives from the originals, 6 March 2016. Brought back on October 17, 2015. Archives from the orginal on June 3, 2017. Returned on June 4, 2017. Archives from the originals, July 15, 2017. Returned on July 15, 2017. Archives from the originals, July 15, 2017.
Returned on July 15, 2017. Returned on September 30, 2018. December 31, 2017 http://thongkehanoi.gov.vn/a/nien-giam-thong-ke-tom-tat-2017-1532053197/. Archives of the Genuine on . Returned on July 20, 2018. Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City are at the top of the world's economically strongest towns in 2008-2025" (PDF). November 10, 2009. Archive copy" (PDF). Archives (PDF) from the originals on 6 January 2015.
Returned on January 6, 2015. Archive from the 13th of November 2007. Archives from the orginal on 21.02.2008. Filed copy. Archives from the originals, 28 October 2016. Returned on April 18, 2017. Filed copy. Archives from the originals on 17 May 2017. Returned on April 18, 2017. "Practical report: Straßenverkäufer and the Informelle Sektor in Hanoi".
"socioeconomic transformation and Hanoi planning". Turner, Shoenberger, Sarah, Laura (June 2011). "of street vendors in Hanoi, Vietnam. "Hanoi, Vietnam Construction and Development Strategy." vietnam in the eraof doi moi: Issue-oriented organizations and their relation to the government on jstor. doi:10.1525/as.2003.43.6.867.pdf.
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Brought back on May 4, 2010. Ford, Andrew and Henley, David: Vietnam past and present: North ( Hanoi and Tonkin histories and cultures ). "Editorial at Th?ng Long the old town under Hanoi". Archives from the originals on 17 April 2009. Brought back on October 22, 2007. "Hanoi, Vietnam Notes." Archives from the Genuine on November 21, 2016.
Returned on April 30, 2017. Filed copy. Archives from the originals, August 15, 2016. Returned on June 28, 2016. Filed copy. Archives from the originals on 24 June 2016. Returned on June 28, 2016. Filed copy. Archives from the Genuine on June 29, 2016. Returned on June 28, 2016. Returned on June 18, 2010.
Archives from the orginal on 22 January 2010. Returned on June 18, 2010. Hanoi TNH. Archives from the originals on 28 July 2013. Returned on November 4, 2012. "The Culinary Adventures in Hanoi". Archives from the orginal from 7. May 2012. Returned on November 4, 2012. VietNamNet Bridge (1 June 2007). "Insektenfutter in Hanoi".
Archives from the originals on 4 June 2011. Returned on November 4, 2012. Hanoi Restaurant. Hanoi Restaurant. Archives from the originals on 18 December 2013. Returned on November 4, 2012. Vietnam National University, Hanoi. Archives from the originals on 15 October 2013. Returned on November 24, 2013. Hanoi - The Vietnamese capital:
City People' s Committee. Archives from the orginal from 27. September 2007. Archives from the orginal on 14 December 2009. Returned on June 18, 2010. Nov 2006. Archives from the source (PDF) on 24 July 2012. Returned on November 4, 2012. Archives from the originals on 7 January 2013. Returned on November 4, 2012.
Archives from the originals on 5 November 2013. Hanoi plans to prohibit motorcycles until 2030 in order to fight pollution". Bounced 2017-07-05. Filed copy. Archives from the originals, 2 March 2016. Returned on February 27, 2016. Get around Hanoi. Archives from the originals on 6 January 2013. Returned on November 4, 2012.
Archives from the originals, 9 March 2015. Brought back on October 9, 2014. Archives from the originals on 14 January 2009. Returned on July 21, 2013. Archives from the originals on 27 September 2011. Returned on June 17, 2011. Hanoi reinforces relations with Ile-de-France. Vietnam's voice. Brought back in 2018-05-04. Hanoi Days in Moscow help sister towns".
Archives from the originals, 13 January 2009. Archives from the originals. Brought back on December 26, 2013. Archives from the orginal on 10 December 2007. Brought back on January 26, 2008. The Seoul Metropolitan Government (filed 2012-04-25). Archives from the originals on 25 March 2012. Returned on August 23, 2013. Archives from the originals on 23 August 2013.
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