Halong BayHallong Bay
is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a favourite tourist resort in Quang Ninh Province, Vietnam. This bay has tens of thousand of limestone karst and islands in different forms and heights. The Ha Long Bay is the centre of a wider area, which comprises Bai Tu Long Bay in the north-east and Cat Ba Island in the south-west.
This bay is made up of a thick pile of about 1,600  limestone monoliths, each covered with thick jungles and towering out of the sea. Some of the island are concave and have huge caverns. The Hang Dau Go (wooden pegs cave) is the biggest cavern in the Ha Long area. At the end of the 19. cent. French tourist came to visit the cavern and called it Grotte des Merveilles.
It has two major islets, Tuan Chau and Cat Ba, which have constant residents, as well as touristic establishments such as hotel and beach. On the smaller island there are a number of nice sandy areas. Most of the island have got their name from the interpretations of their uncommon forms.
In 989 of the island were given a name. Some of the island also have bird and animal life such as bantam, antelope, monkey and lizard. Here you will find a variety of wildlife. Nearly all of these islets are single tall spires in a classical fengline scenery with altitudes from 50m to 100m and altitudes up to about six.
A further speciality of the Ha Long Bay is the wealth of seas within the calcareous isles. Dau Be, for example, has six closed seas. Each of these seas occupies submerged sinkholes in Mount St. Engcongarst. Declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, the area covers 434 km with 775 small coves, the main part of which is limited by 69 points:
The Dau Go Isle in the western part, Ba Ham See in the southern part and Cong Tay Isle in the eastern part. Coastal climates are tropic, humid, sea islets, with two seasons: warm and humid in summers and cool and dry in winters. Only about 40 of the 1,969 Ha Long Isles are populated.
Those archipelagos stretch from ten thousand to thousand of acres, mainly in the east and southeast of Ha Long Bay. Over the last few dozen years, there have been literally thousand of village dwellers settling on the untouched island and building new municipalities such as Sa Tô Island (H? Long City), Th?ng L?i L?i Island (Vân ??n district).
Currently, the Ninh province governs a relocation program for Bay residents in order to stabilise their lives and preserve the cultural landscapes. Three times, in the maze of canals in the Dang River stream near the island, the Viet Nam military kept the Chinese from land.
Many of the canals between the Vietnam War isles were severely dismantled by the United States Navy during the Vietnam War, some of which still represent a menace to navigation today. The Ha Long Bay was on flat water during the time of the Carbons and Permians (340-250 million years ago). Dominant elevation movements of neoctonics and younger tectonics profoundly affected the area' s geography, and the present marine island scenery was created about 7 or 8000 years ago by marine invasions during Holocene trangression, which began about 17-18000 years ago.
By combining at the same time perfect elements such as thick, faint, gray and thick calcareous rock formations made up of fine-grained material, warm and humid climates and slower tectonics as a whole, Ha Long Bay has had a total Karstevolution for 20 million years. The bay has many different kinds of karstic features, such as the karstic area.
The Ha Long Bay is a ripe karstic scenery created in a temperate, humid and tropic clim. Progression of phases in the development of a karstic environment over a 20 million year span will require a mix of several different factors, among them solid calcareous rock thicknesses, a humid temperate environment and gradual upwelling.
There are five phases in the karstic forming proces, the second of which is the forming of the characteristic do line karstic. It is followed by the evolution of the karstic system of Mount Fuengcong, which can be seen in the hill groups on Bo Hon and Dau Be Inland. The Fenglin karstic is characterized by precipitous single turrets.
Centuries of cliffy island with the bay's stunning and renowned scenery are the single spires of a classical Fenglin scenery where the intermediate levels have been inundated by the seas. The majority of turrets are 50 to 100 metres high with a width to elevation relation of about 6 The karstic rocks have been inundated by the ocean and are the wealth of seas that lies within the calcareous islets.
Dau Be for example has six encircled seas at the estuary of the bay, among them the Ba Ham seas, which lie in their Kencong karstic. This bay contains samples of the landscapes of Mount Gengcong, Mount Fenglin and Mount Kars. They are not separated evolutions, but the results of unevenly occurring naturally occurring phenomena when a large amount of lime is exposed.
Sea erosion caused grooves, which in some places were turned into caverns. Sea kerbs are a characteristic trait of the calcareous coast, but in the Ha Long Bay they have recreated the ripe scenery. Inside Ha Long Bay, the most important open caverns are the older passageways that survived from the period when the karstic system developed through the different phases of Fengkong and Fenglin. Here, the most important ones are the old one.
There are three major kinds of caverns on the calcareous islets ( Waltham, T. 1998): First group of caverns are old groundwater caverns including Sung Sot, Tam Cung, Lau Dai, Thien Cung, Dau Go, Hoang Long, Thien Long. Today these caverns are located on different high heights. The Sung Sot Grotto is located on the Bo Hon islet.
The Tam Cung is a large groundwater cavern, which evolved in the storage levels of the lime stone and which divides the cavern into three caves. The Lau Dai is a grotto with a set of passageways that extends over 300 metres and opens on the southern side of the Con Ngua islet. The Thien Cung and Dau Go are remains of the same old system of caves.
Surviving at 20 to 50 metres above sealevel in the north part of the Dau Go islet. A second group of caverns are the old carst caverns, which includes Trinh Lu, Bo Nau, Tien Ong and Trong. Footshales are an omnipresent characteristic of karst sceneries that have achieved a stadium of wide-spread side kernel intersection at basalline.
You can stretch back into labyrinth caverns of creek caverns that drain from major cavern system in chalk. One of the largest footsteps in Ha Long Bay, Trinh Nu, with a blanket about 12 metres above water surface and about 80 metres long, was designed in several phases.
The Bo Nau, a grotto with old stone stalactites, crosses the 25o depression of the camp area. A third group are the ocean grottoes, which are a particular characteristic of the Ha Long Bay karstic area. Seawater dissolving, which affects the lime stone, and waves eroding the rock by means of boxes form grooves at the bottom of the cliff.
Under favourable circumstances, the disintegration of lime stone allows continuous deepening of rock grooves and their expansion into caverns. Much of it extends at altitude through the calcareous rock formations to drop down sinkholes, which are now intertidal seas. One of the distinctive features of the naval cavities is an absolute flat and flat slab carved through the lime stone.
A number of ocean burrows had not been created on today's ocean surface, but old ocean surface related to ocean surface changes during Holocene transgressions, incident on Plistocene ocean surface. Several of them have conserved the evolution of the old karst root cavern in the continent or the remains of older groundwater wells.
The Bo Ham Sea Group is one of the most uncommon characteristics of the Ha Long Bay with concealed seas and their connection tunnels - Kerbhöhlen on the Dau Be Isle. There is a 10 metre broad and almost darkly curved cavern from the edge rock of the archipelago, about 150 metres from the 1. Luon cavern is located on the archipelago of Bo Hon and stretches 50 metres to a closed Tidensee.
There is a solid statalactite that hangs 2 meters lower and is cut off at the current tide well. Because of all these reasons, visitors to the Ha Long Bay are pampered not only with one of the world's great marvels of nature, but also with a valuable open-air gem collection that has been conserved over the last 300 million years.
340,000,000,000,000-240,000,000,000 BClater carbon and perm periodsThe calcareous layers are more than 1,000 meters thick. Two types of calcareous rock were formed: the Cát Bà stratum from the Early Carbonic Age ( 450 metres thick) and the Quang Hanh stratum from the Central Carbonic and Early Perm stages ( 750 metres thick).
Most of the bay's islets are made up of these two strata. 68,000-9,000 BCmiddle and later Pleistocene epochsThe period when the area' s caverns and grottos developed. Early Holocene epochThe Ha Long Bay today' s island is essentially the remains of these submerged hills. Rain water was flowing into fissures in the lime stone which had been created by means of active tectonics.
2000-1000 B.C. With the ocean in a constant cycle of economic decline, the Ha Long civilization began to evolve. The beginning of the holocene period The waters began to rise again, building a swampy bottom of channels and brooks and creating the watermarks that can be seen on today's rocky outcrops.
There are many other types of marine life on the many islets that cover the bay, among them (but probably not restricted to): 477 magnolias, 12 peris, 20 saltwater meadow vegetation; and 4 amphibians, 10 reptiles, 40 birds and 4 mammals. 1962 the Vietnamese Ministry of Culture, Sport and Tourism named Ha Long Bay a "Renowned National Landscape Monument".
By October 2011, the WoM Fund closed the bay of the WoM Watch 2012 and cited the pressure of tourist activity and its associated developments as a threat to the site that needed to be tackled. The New 7 Women's Foundation in 2012 formally appointed Ha Long Bay as one of the world's seven new natural miracles.
There are only two kinds of material that have been selected from so many different ones to paint, to paint, to sculpt, to make everything... It is quite possible that here is the picture of the next world". ls it the landscape in the whole wide open space or somewhere? The Dau Go Grotto (literally: "the end of the wood sticks" grotto): These wood sticks in this grotto are remains of sharp wood pillars constructed on behalf of Tr?n H?ng Tr?n ??o Commandant under the surface of the sea to submerge the vessels of Indonesian inventors in the thirteenth centuries.
It is said that the Golden Tortoise has swum towards the Baltic Sea (international name: South China Sea) after bringing back the sacred blade that King Lê Thái supported T? in the fight against Ming intruders from China. A tortoise was tired and killed in a den.
Consequently, the name of the cavern was the Golden Turtle. Report on the 24th Meeting of the World Heritage Committee, Cairns, Australia. World Heritage Committee. Report on the Eighteenth Meeting of the World Heritage Committee, Phuket, Thailand, December 12-17, 1994. The UNSECO World Heritage Committee. H? Long Bay - UNESCO World Heritage Site".
World Heritage Centre UNESCO. The most beautiful bays in the world. The most beautiful bays in the world.