Halin MyanmarMyanmar Halin
A rainstorm of ash es and melted earth weighed down the town badly because of its iniquity and finally laid it to rest. It' s amazing that such a famous town with its apparent remains of either devotional or profane nature is exhausted and thus a stark contrasting to Sri Kete. Nevertheless, physical evidence of the Pyu civilization that has been dead for hundreds of years has been excavated to persuade us that Halin was once the home of the Pyu people.
One of the first discoveries is that a small plate of stones written in an old font later resembles the urns of Sri Ksetra and was decoded as a Pyu langue. He was found to the southeast of the town and taken to the Bagan Museum.
During 1929-30 a second epigraph was found on a plate of solid rock a few hundred meters southeast of the first one. Three inscriptions are unreadable. The sculpture is placed between two slabs of sculptural rock, the top of which is heavily worn. Among the random finds, symbolic medallions are of particular interest, some of which have been rediscovered on the basis of numerous finds.
These are similar to those of Sri Ksetra and are definitely typical of the Pyu people. On Halin medallions, the only difference is the ascending solar icon on the front instead of the Sri Ksetra-style braaddapitha logo. From 1962 to 1967 systemic archaeological digs in Halin have further illuminated the historical area.
This masonry town has the shape of a rectangular square about 2 mils long and one metre high. Like in Beikthano and the inner fortress of Sri Ksetra, the north-south route of the castle is slightly tilted to the northwest. The majority of the excavation site had to be filled up again, as the ruins of the buildings lie deeper than the soils.
By protruding inward at the entrance, the castle ramparts form two horizontal branches flanking the long corridor into the town. This, as well as the round corners of the square fortress are similar to the floor plan of the gates and corners of Beikthano. Also the type of architectural remnants within the town shows clear similarities to those of Beikthano.
In a few cases, the open constructions comprise quadratic or rectangle edifices with a one-sided quadrilateral project. Earthly funeral burial mounds are hidden both inside and outside the earth. Since there are no religous properties at all, the monuments are considered to have been erected exclusively for the disposal of the funeral corps.
Located near the so-called palatial area, this building could have been used as a meeting place, like the one on Beikthano Hill No. 9. Approximately two Furlong's in 1964 a giant labeled flagstone was found just south of the castle. There are six and a half rows of pyu in southern India, which can be dated to the eighth or ninth cent.
It begins with the title Siddham and each of the epithet Sri Trivigrama and Va: ma occurs twice, but due to the low level of Pyu literacy, the content of the title remains unclear. The writing and the legible name, however, suggest that this epigraph depicts a certain incident in connection with the Vicrama or Varmans of Sri Ksetra.
These and another unreadable epigraph also in Pyu are kept in the hall of inscriptions in Halin where the sculptural plate is also located. Although Buddha sculptures and terracotta votives are missing, this place is particularly full of small finds such as decorative shards and semi-precious stone pearls, whose design and processing have an unmistakeable relationship to those from Sri Ksetra.
Couple of golden circles, two golden pendant, two golden pearls, one round and one barrel-shaped, and several small disk pearls of golden were found at different ceremonial textures. They were used to prevent the enemy fleets or cavalries from entering the town. One of the implements for home use are three long-cone bronzes with an unmistakeable love for Sri Ksetra.
Through excavations, a scores of symbolic medals were found. Halin guy with the opening solar icon dominates. It is very uncommon and few examples have been found in Sri Ksetra. Several of the modern Arakan ese medals also carry the shell fig. Obviously the name refers to a dispenser and the item is probably intended as a seal jewel to be enclosed in a metallic ring.
A lot of such plays, similarly labeled with Pali words, were found in an antique place, Oc-eo in the Hindu state of Funan in Indochina and by the way one of them has the same name as this one in Halin. The above shows that Halin, like Beikthano, has all the features of the Pyu civilization, with the exceptions of round Stupa and large stones and metallic sculptures as found in Sri Ksetra.
This shows that although Halin is at the same time as Sri Ksetra, the Buddha School in the latter town, which accepts picture worshipping, has not in the least influenced Halin. A further decisive element that dominated Halin is the detection of many elongated bones in one place together with grave-burners. There is evidence that the funeral of physical relics was in fashion in the usual manner alongside incineration and funeral work.
What is striking is that most of the buildings in which timber was used were damaged by fire. Even the timber doors at the entrance to the town were burned. It is likely that a major fire, either through hostile actions or a fire from a nearby disaster, devastated the town.