Gyor

the Gyor

Halfway between Budapest and Vienna lies Gyor. sspan class="mw-headline" id="History">History[edit] The most important town in the north-west of Hungary, the county seat of Gy?r-Moson-Sopron and the Western Transdanubia area, and half way between Budapest and Vienna on one of the most important streets in Central Europe. It is the 6th biggest town in Hungary and one of the seven most important centers of the state.

Later, it was given to Arrabona, a name that was used until the 8th centuries. The abbreviated version is still used today as the German (Raab) and Slovak (Ráb) name of the village. About 10 AD the Romans invaded the north part of western Hungary, which they named Pannonia.

Even though the empire left the area in the fourth millennium due to continuous attack by eastern peoples, the city was still populated. It was Rabba at that period and later Raab. Magyars invaded the city around 900 and defended the deserted ancient city. Stephan I, the first Hungarian emperor, established an episcopacy there.

It was given its name Gy?r in Hungary. Hungarians used to live in tent, later in huts, in today's south-eastern part of the inner part. During the Mongol incursion into Hungary (1241-1242), it was invaded by Mongols and in 1271 demolished by the Bohemian armies.

Following the devastating Mohács battles, Baron Tamás Nádasdy and Count György Cseszneky seized the city for King Ferdinand I, while John Zápolya also tried to annex it. Under the Ottoman invasion of today's Middle and East Hungary[6] (1541 - end of the seventeenth century), the commandant of Gy?r, Kristóf Lamberg, considered it pointless to try to protect the city from the Turks.

Hitler torched the site and the Turk troops found nothing but black rubble, hence the name for Gy?r, Yan?k cale ("burnt castle"). When it was rebuilt, the old part of the village was encircled by a palace and a rampart sketched by the master builder of the time. During these years the village transformed its appearance with many new Renaissance houses, but the central plaza and the road network were preserved.

The Turks came back briefly in 1683, only to go after the defeat in the Battle of Vienna. In the following century the city became well-off. 1743 Maria Theresa raised Gy?r to the rank of a free city. On 14 June 1809, during the Fifth Coalition War, this was the site of the battle of Gy?r (Battle of Raab), where the Eugène de Beauharnais military conquered the Hungary's "noble uprising" (militia) and an Austria body under Archdukes Joseph and Johann.

Napoleon's troops seized the fort and blew up some of its fortifications. Heads of the city soon realised that the old city wall was no longer useful. The majority of the city wall was demolished, so the city was able to grow. The 100-year-old Raba plant on the Danube near the historic center is to be substituted by a new village named Városrét.

One of the most important theatres in the capital is the National Theater of Gy?r, which was completed in 1978. There are several historic monuments in the village, such as the palace and the protestant school. Káptalan Hill is the old centre of the village at the junction of three rivers: Danube, Rába and Rábca. Pannonhalma Archabbey is about 20 km (12 miles) outside the centre of Sardinia.

In 2000, the town began many large building and renovating works. A free bus that takes anyone anywhere in the town. Arcade Gy?r on Városliget. The Gy?r is the home of the Gy?ri ETO Sports Club, which offers many sports. One of the most favourite sports in the capital is hand ball and the ETO KC Gy?ri is the city's major game.

Gazetteer of Hungary, 1 January 2017" (PDF) (en anglais et en anglais). Central Statistical Office of Hungary. Royal Hungary (historical area, Hungary) -". It'?s a Hungarian story. Gy?r osstroma. Magicarország vormegyéi és városai kl Kézikönyvtár". www.arcanum. hu (in Hungarian). "Case 1944. aprilis 13-i Gy?r terrorist bombázás - régi Gy?r". regigyor. hu (in Hungarian).

<font color="#ffff00">-=jellemz?i=- proudly presents The Meteorological Service of Hungary. The " "production launch and worldwide debut of the A3 Cabriolet in Hungary". Archives from the orginal from 20 November 2008. Archives from the orginal on 18.04.2005. The " Audis increase Hungary's manufacturing ". Archives from the orginal on 21.06.2008. www.gyor. hu - Twincities of Gy?r as PDF.

Archives from the originals on 14 February 2008. Town Pozna?. Filmed from the orginal on 23.09.2013. The Wikimedia Commons has medias that refer to Gy?r . Wikivoyage has a guidebook for Gy?r.

Auch interessant

Mehr zum Thema