Government system of MyanmarSystem of Government of Myanmar
United States of Myanmar?
The cease-fire talks under way between the Myanmar administration and pre-emptive communities raise a crucial question: how could more than six decennia of racial conflicts be wiped out? At least part of the response may be federalist. Myanmar is one of the most diverse ethnical groups in the world, with well over 100 nationalities.
In 1947, the Panglong Accord between the Aung San administration and the Chin, Kachin and Shan groups was drafted to introduce early and albeit obscure ethnical federation. It has also proved difficult to reach an understanding in recent years.
Thus, a 17-year truce deal between the Myanmar administration and the Kachin Independence Organization broke down in 2011 and gave new impetus to a violent clash that has driven more than 100,000 citizens out of their houses since then. However, the violent outbreak throughout Kachin state is only one part of a much wider range of ethnical clashes that have escalated in recent months, even though ethnical rulers have been active in several negotiating sessions with the state.
At the beginning of this year, renewed violent clashes broke out in areas of Myanmar that had previously been in a slump, such as the Karen state and the Kokang area on the China frontier. Fights in Kokang became so fierce that the Myanmar military began air strikes that drove ten thousand people across the borders and led to a démarche with China.
Where does Myanmar go from here? The cease-fire talks enshrine the response to Aung San's early insistence on a federation of Myanmar and the establishment of autonomic states. Moreover, Myanmar's decade-long solitary status gave top Myanmar policymakers little opportunity to take stock of the most important lesson from similar situation in other parts of the run.
However, recently the ethnical leadership has started to call more strongly for a federation to be put on the negotiating table, making it a key issue in the talks. Instead of dividing Myanmar, they say, as many other experts do, that federation could bring the cultural wealth yard together. Myanmar's President Thein Sein himself argued in theoretical terms for a federation and stressed in February that it could very well contribute to promoting domestic instability.
It was also supported by Myanmar's holy opponent Aung San Suu Kyi, a subsidiary of the Panglong Agreement's pioneering Aung San. Your National League for Democracy (NLD) has publicly declared its support for the federation's approach. However, in the middle of a fierce electoral battle, NLD leadership provided few details.
Of course, the actual difficulty is to find out what Myanmar's federation would actually look like. The best way to get the countrys response to long-term racial conflicts is through the granting of more power to all states. It would also be necessary to reach an understanding on how to integrate populations of militarised communities into a federation of states.
One of the main demands of many ethnical rulers who are bargaining for a national cease-fire treaty is the establishment of a Bundeswehr. Other top militaries, such as Min Aung Hlaing, have also strictly opposed the notion. In fact, the armed forces themselves, perhaps the most important road block, stand in the way of more buff steps towards federation.
"Lintner said to The Globe and Mail in March, "Nothing can come to pass if you don't just take a seat and discuss the draft treaty - what kind of country[Myanmar] is it? To put it briefly, there is still a vertiginous task ahead of us to build a federation of Myanmar. That does not mean that it should turn the federalist system into a sphere of gold.
Irrespective of any power-sharing structures that eventually emerge, it is crucial to the establishment of sustainable peace in Myanmar that the regime address the intricate story of abuses and persecutions of minority communities that has plagued the former world' s paradise for more than half a cent. However, Myanmar could take the best leap forward in terms of total nationalism.
Backed by Western diplomacy pressures for more radical structural reforms, a policy architecture that gives a certain level of independence and extensive power to communities could put Myanmar's leaders on a track that fosters nationhood and an enhanced democracy.