Golden Temple DambullaDambulla Golden Temple
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The Dambulla Temple in Singhalese (Dam?b?l? Len Vih?raya, Tamil Tampu??ai Po?k?vil) also known as the Golden Temple of Dambulla is a world heritage site (1991) in Sri Lanka, located in the main part of the state. The Dambulla is the biggest and best conserved cavern temple ensemble in Sri Lanka. More than 80 recorded caverns exist in the area.
The main attraction is divided into five caverns containing sculptures and canvases. The pictures and sculptures refer to Gautama Buddha and his world. We have 153 Buddha sculptures, three Sri Lankan monarchs and four goddess and goddess casts. On the cave wall you can see the temptations of the devil Mara and Buddha's first homily.
Before Buddhism arrived in Sri Lanka, prehistoric Sri Lankans would have been living in these cavern ensembles, since in this area, in Ibbankatuwa near the Dambulla cavern ensembles, there are tombs with man-made bones that are about 2700 years old. The temple was built in the first c...
It has five caverns under a huge hanging over rocks, which are provided with a dripping edge to keep the interior out. In the interior of the cave, the ceiling is decorated with complicated designs of sacred paintings that follow the outlines of the crags. You can see pictures of Buddha and bodhisattva, as well as different deities and deities.
Dambulla Abbey is still operational and the best conserved antique building in Sri Lanka. It is a building dating from the third and second millennium BC, when it was founded as one of the biggest and most important cloisters. The Valagamba of Anuradhapura is believed to have been transformed into a temple in the first millennium BC.
When he had reconquered his capitol, the king rebuilt a temple in grateful veneration. There were many other monarchs later and in the eleventh cent. the cave became and still is an important center of religion. In 1190 Nissanka Malla of Polonnaruwa gold-plated the cave and added about 70 Buddha-statures.
In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, the Kandy Kingdom renovated and repainted the Caverns. This temple consists of five caverns of different sizes and splendour. Established during Anuradhapura (1st c. to 993 AD) and the Polish Naruwa period (1073 to 1250) at the foot of a 150 metre high cliff, the caverns are by far the most imposing of the many cavern temples there is.
The access is via the soft hillside of Dambulla cliff, which offers a panorama look at the nearby lowlands, which also include the Sigiriya cliffs 19 km away. The dusk takes several hundred falling martins to the caves. It is the biggest of the caves, about 52 metres from north to south and 23 metres from the entry to the rear. This is the highest point of this amazing cavern, 7 metres high.
Devaraja Iena ( "Lena in Sinhala meanings cave"), or "cave of the divine king". "A report on the foundation of the convent is contained in an epigraph by Brahmi from the First Ages. The 14-meter-high Buddha sculpture carved from the rocks dominates this caves.
Re-painted innumerable over the course of its life, it probably got its last painting in the twentieth c... Buddha's favourite disciple Ananda lies at his foot; Vishnu is said to have used his godly power to build the caverns at his skull. The second and biggest cavern contains 16 Buddha sculptures and 40 sitting Buddha sculptures, the deities Saman and Vishnu, who often adorn the saints with festoons, and lastly sculptures of King Vattagamani Abhaya, who honoured the convent in the 1. ct. B.C., and King Nissanka Malla, who in the 12. ct.
Accordingly, this den is named Maharaja Iena, "Cave of the Great Kings". "The Buddha sculpture carved from the rocks on the room's lefthand side is accompanied by wood sculptures of Bodhisattvas Maitreya and Avalokiteshvara or Natha. Striking temperature pictures on the ceilings of the caves from the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries show Buddhist lifestyles, from the Mahamaya's dreams to the temptations of the Mara daemon.
Maha Alut Vihara, the "Great New Monastery", the third cavern, was purchased during the rule of the renowned Buddhist reviver Kirti Sri Rajasinha (1747-1782) as ceilings and mural painting in the characteristic Kandy architecture. Besides the 50 Buddha sculptures there is also a sculpture of the Buddha-kings. Golden Buddha sculpture, Dambulla golden temple, only down from the caves.
Buddha sculptures come in different shapes and heights - the biggest is 15m. There are over 1,500 Buddha pictures in a cavern that cover the roof.