Gemstones from BurmaGems from Burma
.... And, if your Jakarta boyfriend is interested, there is always a considerable amount of pedigree on Myanmar's silt.
In the tracks of jewels and precious stones.....
Asked what time of his mine life he missed most in Mogok, U Aung Than replied without delay that this was in the mid-1970s and around the 90s. He described these flourishing days as "illegal" and "black market times" in an exclusive meeting last weekend. Aung Than, who is 58 years old today, comes from the Maing Thar tribe and has grown up in Mogok since his youth.
The Shan China Maing Thar, who were hard-working and came from the Myanmar-China frontier, received work during the UK reign due to the shortage of labour in the mines, and have been working as mine workers in Mogok ever since. The mines are the major artery of Mogok and it is no wonder that inhabitants of this city are mainly active as mine owners, workers or gemstone traders.
The Burma Ruby Mines was founded in 1889 during the UK domination, and with an initial capital expenditure of 150,000 pounds per annum, ruby quarrying was carried out comprehensively. Morgan, the company's lead engineering manager, presented an subterranean channel map 100 ft below the earth's crust in the Mogok River Basin, seven ft high, seven ft broad and over a kilometer long.
It was planned to contain the problem of floods in the mine and to allow surplus waters from the valleys to run through the channel into a low-lying Yay-Ni current near Kyauk Htat Gyi. This is how comprehensive the coal industry was at that time. Gem minelines in the Mogok River Basin, which in the past could only be excavated 20 ft down, could then be excavated 100 ft under.
But unfortunately the shelter broke down in 1925, flooded all the mine sites in the bottom of the river and created a large pond. This is the source of the Inngyi Lakes, which could now be seen in the heart of Mogok. There are two types of mine - common bottom landmines and hardmines, and they can be mined by machine or man.
It is mined manually using traditional techniques and the mine is given different toponyms, as described later, according to scale, form or technique. "All steps in the mine are hazardous and hazardous, with mountain guides being the most important," said U Aung Than. One can say that people who work in collieries get their life protected by the mountain guides.
The guides themselves should be well acquainted at every stage of the excavation operation, predict potential hazards in anticipation and plan ahead to prevent them. Mine fatalities or shortage of fresh outbreaks are the guilt of miners who have no experience in their area. Mogok' miners can conjecture which part of the city or country contains ores.
Along with mountain people there are those who buy single gemstones, merchants, gem cutter and polisher and minekeeper. It is a mine that has been excavated from the earth's crust, the width of the mine being as large as a human being who can enter it until a precious stone mine is located.
It is not recommended to dig this type of mine in the soil, which is not sufficiently firm, as the excavators must directly track the impact downwards or to the side, with the danger of the mine toppling over. As the mine is deepened, a mirror or silvery reflective film is used to look deeply inside the mine.
There are some looking for gems from shore riff minerals using driven pumping methods (called local muscle pump, named local myawtwin), others by flouncing in pristine caverns (called local rock ore, or letkyar methods ), and these techniques are harsh and boring. As the Mogok mines were nationalised in 1969 and employment became short, Mogok natives, who had no experience in other professions, engaged in illicit extraction of undulating mineral deposits quite far from the city.
An accident can injure the miners' eye and tear their faces or their finger. In Myanmar's warm and arid calendars, such as Tabaung, Tagu, Kason and Nayon, the most common source of fresh water is in the landmines. Prior to scrubbing or choosing good gemstones, Bo Bo Bo Bo Gyi's offer of Gyi's spirit house at Mogok's Shansu Station has been a Myanmar heritage since antiquity.
There are also practices such as not eating beef, banning the use of miners or chewing pounds of beer during the mine. They may not slaughter any animal on the way to the mine, especially not a snake on the date on which they are washing precious stones.
Snake is a stroke of good fortune, and coalmen would tell of their experiences of not even getting inferior ore if they had one. "While we were illegally mined, five neighbours worked together on a mine. It was passed down from generation to generation when there was no chance for the colliers to choose precious stones and left the purified minerals in the jungle just to cover them with leaf.
Mine floods are the major issue, and they are unmanageable. You would see the savage sunflowers grow in the west and some parts of the city where gems are found and not in the rest of the east where they are not found. It' s generally assumed that some mineworkers get wealthy without any efforts, while others live in a mine that is not able to find even one precious one.
A 40-year-old Mogok dweller by the name of U Hmat became very rich in 1881, during the time of King Thibaw, after he discovered many scarlet jewels in a mine near the Myawgyi Sea, which he possessed in the north of Mogok. Known as the Ruby King after he became known for his generosity and his flourishing gemstones.
Though Nga Mauk Ruby's tale, found by a Nga Mauk from Chindwin, is well recorded in the tale of Mogok and the invaluable jewel preserved by Myanmar's successors has completely vanished after King Thibaw was coerced into abdication by the British.