Gems from BurmaGemstones from Burma
Junkies by Richard W. Hughes.
Best Place to Buy Gemstones in Myanmar - Review of Myanmar Gems Museum, Yangon (Rangoon), Myanmar
Take a cab and drive about 30 min from the city centre to this place. They can negotiate for a better prize, but anticipate to be able to pay fair prizes for high value bricks. Admission is $5, on the third level the tour leader will give you an impression of Myanmar's gems and where they are quarried.
Gemstones have different quality levels, mainly ruby, sapphire and jade. Selling $1 to $2 of jewellery, tens of millions of dollars in precision work. The reason I came here was because I bought something for my own and my own families, not because I visited the school. They can buy jewellery from this place, but they must trade for a better one.
Speak to the vendor and find out more about gemstones. Exhibitions of many many many many gemstones and an interactive exhibition in which different types of minerals and gemstones can be found in the area. Beautiful place to find out more about the gems before you buy them, the museums looks old, but the gems are very valuable, so it is rewarding to visit them with 5USD.
Were you at the Myanmar Gems Museum?
gemstones & junkies in Burma
" Far away, living is easy, every single one of us the same. Start from a small point and turn softly outwards, forming a collection of dripping reagents. However, there are also other traces that do not trace mould, courageous dashes that jump directly from the crest to the far-away crest and bypass the worldly labyrinth of everyday work. Nothing was the same from then on.
In a small restaurant in the north Thai city of Fang, an old Thai oak tree, I found a quiet little books on the couch. in Southeast Asia. As Washington religiously taught the word about the evil of drugs and used the veil of overseas assistance to extort other regimes to do the same, U.S. secret services were at the same time involved in and supported innumerable individual and group whose main activity - to make it dark - was drug trafficking.
No European should ever ask a Chinese to take him to an opioid cave. How does that have anything to do with gems? Wherever it comes into our debate is Burma, with the Chinese Kuomintang (KMT) trafficking in ipium. To understand Burma today, and the gemstone commerce of that land, one must look back into the past, especially the Asian opioid commerce.
Whereas Arabian merchants first introduced opioid to China, we will start trading at the moment of our continental enlargement in the seventeenth and eighteenth century. Back then, China's silk, porcelain and tea were in great popularity in the West, but the panoramas had little to do with what the Chinese wanted. Scots wool simply did not make it to the more demanding Chinese who were demanding payments in either gold or sterling silver.
The British East India Company took complete charge of India's opioid export to China in 1773, an act that changed the country's commercial equilibrium forever. It was not long before much of China relied on a commodity that Britain could regulate to sell it. In the 1790s, the issue was so serious that the China Kaiser prohibited the import of it.
After that, commerce buried itself under the earth, with large numbers of English, Spanish, French as well as US merchants being smuggled into the Middle Kingdom. Between 1839-42 and 1856, Britain and its European-American counterparts waged two opioid battles and slaughtered thousand to compel the Chinese to lift the outlaw. Today, the great West forces - so sharply critical of Third World drugs manufacture - took up weapons and forced the Chinese to agree to their own opioid.
In fact, the former Crown Colony of Hong Kong was established on the basis of the trading of opioid, which was transferred to the Britons as part of the colonisation of the First War. At the same time, the West Power benefited from opioid-monopoly in their various South Asia settlements. After the boxer rebellion of 1900, they compelled the Chinese to stop producing local opioid to maximise their own gains.
"As a result of the repressive action of the People' s Republic of China, there has been an increase in consumer demands for opiate processing agents such as morphia and smack. More recently, Morphia had been imported to China by missionary Christians on the continent, who used the drugs to gain conversions and thankfully called their Morphia Jesus-Opium.
It was at this time that China's opioid output shifted abroad, south to Indochina and above all to Upper Burma, the topic of the present paper. However, unlike the idealist Sun Yat Sen, Chiang was actually the front man of the Green Circles Gang, a infamous China-tribed drug trafficking gang (Seagrave, 1985).
Chiang was strongly backed by the US administration before and during the Second World War, against the protest of individuals such as General Joseph Stillwell, the US Army attache in China. Stillwell said Chiang was more interested in strengthening his own clout against the communists and benefiting from the drug trafficking of opioids and opiates than against the Japanese.
When China was taken over by the communists in 1949, Chiang escaped to the Formosa Islands (Taiwan), where he founded a federal regime in Exile. From Yunnan in South China, two Chiang Kai Shek KMT units escaped to North Burma (McCoy, 1972). Burma was colonised in blocks by Great Britain in the nineteenth centuries and seized the lower parts in the 1824-26 and 1852-53 battles.
To achieve a non-violent change of government in Burma, a constitutional treaty was established - one with an important security vent. There' s only one thing in these hills that's money: ropium. During the 1950s, Burma was plagued by unstable conditions, not least affecting the two KMT departments in the northern region, which were strongly backed by the CIA.
To Washington's frigid warmongers, the destabilisation of a land like Burma was of secondary importance in comparison to possible devastation in Chinese communism. Armed, empowered and funded by the CIA, Washington's plans urged KMT forces in Burma to carry out cross-border crackdowns in China, where the populace would join them and expel the ungodly Communists.
So it wasn't long before the KMT was occupied with what they and their leader had been doing for years - processing opioid and smack. The destabilising effect of these two KMT division was so great that the Red Chinese finally invaded Burma. They did not do this for a local attack, but at the instigation of the Burmese, who at the moment were ill and exhausted on their territories by this CIA-sponsored military.
The KMT was thus forcibly moved to the north of Thailand, where they continue to benefit from CIA assistance while at the same time increasing their level of command over it. In the early 1970s, the KMT are said to have controlled 80% of the Golden Triangle's profitable drugs-trafficking. At the beginning of the 1960s, Burma was a chaos.
Ne Win said this was the "Burmese way to socialism," but his own people knew it better and called it the "Burmese way to destitution. Ne Win still couldn't let the train run on schedule because he had taken his signals from the ultra-right side. In the mid 1970s, Burma was languishing among the worlds most destitute - a topsy-turvy wonderland in which the Mad Hatter reigned at arms while the inhabitants huddled under their mugs.
In spite of overall urban domination, Burma's fragile economies created an inefficient rural army. Many of the insurgent groups such as the KMT, the Shan State Army (SSA), the Kachin Independence Army (KIA) and the Communist Party of Burma (CPB) were better armed than the Rangoon forces because they were controlling the profitable frontier commerce.
Commodities such as opioid, smack, juniper, ruby and wood escaped abroad and were substituted by finished goods from Thailand. In fact, the Myanmar blacks markets were so omnipresent that the natives described them as "brown markets". Thai authorities confiscated a large amount of opioid and poured it into the ocean.
" Until 1962 gemstones were hardly ever occupied with drugs. However, the 1960s nationization of Burma's industrial sector sent the gemstone business to the Underground, where it resided, supported by the country's most important smuggled commodity - drugs. As Ne Win ascended, the ownership of gemstones in Burma was almost as strictly controlled as anesthetics.
So it is not strange that the gemstone industry would decide to drive the gun in the taste training. Today, despite the liberalisation of Burma's gemstone ownership legislation, the ratio between drugs and gems is still in place. Before the early 1990s, gemstone quarrying was exclusively the job of the Tartmawdaw - the army.
Nowadays, the government's benediction (read: military) deserves a 51st place. Burmese gemstone secret movements take various shapes. These are the stealing of stone in the mine by single miners during the mine or grading process, later the stealing by partner companies in the civil society or secret alliances between the civil society and the army.
On other occasions, it can be as easy as a Myanmar army official or a squad that seizes gems from a miner or trader as they make their way abroad. If they are important gems that are not easy to hide, or if there are too many eyewitnesses, the gems are handed over to supervisors and can finally appear at the semi-annual Rangoon Junior Auction.
However, if the confiscation is discrete, army agents themselves can organise personal transportation and sales in Thailand or progressively in China. Due to the prospective profits, the most important posts in Burma's armed forces are in mining and along key trafficking lanes, often bribed to senior officer posts.
Often, colliers and traders captivate troops for secure transit. Transit through areas of governments and rebels is checked by means of control points - control points established in areas hard to avoid - where all goods must be declare (including precious stones, drugs, wood, gold, gold, silver and other commercial products).
A consequence of the prohibition of privately owned gemstones in Burma was the release of most items in inexpensive basic metals. Still today one sees many burmanian gems, which are sold in these inexpensive fittings. How gem contraband was handled in Burma is shown by the case of the notorious SLORC Ruby (now called Nawata Ruby).
There was a whisper from a spring that the play was shown to a large Thai trader. At a time when a prize could not be settled, the Thai trader silently handed over the position of the rock to the Myanmar army, certainly with a view to securing further favours. Also, the landowners are back in Burma, albeit in an underworld place, after being put to death for the crimes of taking a chunk of land out of the land without notifying the people.
Tachilek, a small city on the Myanmar coast, had seen so many. A few and a half years earlier, Myanmar's military forces detached a large and precious block of Java from a merchant travelling through rebellious Burma. "When the Shan State army (SSA), a gang of rebels fighting the Myanmar people, got winds of theft, they took it back.
It was a ploy that the item was kept in a safe deposit box in Tachilek, a small gunpowder city on the Thai frontier as well as in a billion-dollar annual herring store. Instead of assisting the insurgents, they briefed their Myanmar champions, who soon started a counter-attack. So ended the battle, another rumbling in a country where the precious stone trafficking overlaps with policy in a flowing Nexus of drug dealers and dealers, spookers and troops, policymakers and proletarian clergy.
The drug trade faces another challenge. This is how it is done, especially with the jademines in the Burmese state of Kachin. Drug dealers have nothing against investing enormous amounts in the loss of businesses, because the cash that comes out is now neat and can be reinvested or paid in without anxiety.
This is a company that knows no nemesis of politicians, a trading system in which religious beliefs, races and politicians play no role. These laundries often find hoin sellers in the queue next to mafia donns, secret CIA and Mossad operatives, along with terrorist and a variety of others from the downside.
It'?s about the trafficking of narcotics, guns and gems. One of the big filthy secrets of the Money Labelling industry is that while we normal people have to declare any $10,000 transactions, the exceptions to these rules are far enough to get a whole Enron through. Those exempted from the $10,000 US trade disclosure requirements includes all US banking institutions and companies quoted on one of the main US securities markets.
From the early 1990s, the Myanmar army began to dismantle oppression, driven by mass unrest that almost overthrew the youth in 1988. The Kachins, who ruled most of Burma's jademines, the Wa, who ruled the important opium-growing areas along the China frontier, and the Shans were among them.
In such a treaty, the infamous Shan China Warrior Khun Sa (who was said to have been engaged in ruby mines near Möng Hsu in parallel with his drugs trade) moved to Rangoon, where he supposedly lived at a warbase. Lo Hsing-han, another well-known opioid warlord, together with his son Steven Law (Lo) is said to have various legal commercial interests.
This includes a deep-sea harbour in Rangoon, the Leo coach bus Franchise for busses between Rangoon and Upper Burma and a 33 million dollar tolling route to the China frontier through the centre of the Opiuman cultivation area. Your Asia World Co, Ltd. is reported to be the largest economic group in Burma (Irrawaddy Magazine, 2000).
There is a Chinaman from Kokang who rises from a Lodwin in Kadoktut, near Mogok. Your area is perhaps the largest of Burma's opium-growing areas. During the 1990s, Lo Hsing-Han assisted in mediating a peacemaking deal between them and the Myanmar armyjunta. A further part of the treaty was made less public: it was alleged to allow free trading of all smuggled goods, up to and beyond the borders of the country, as well as all smuggled goods, especially cannabis, soya, cocaine and even oil.
However, if there is one thing that is consistent in Burma, it is the fact that the current climate is constantly changing. Today, many of the secret drugs laboratories have converted their manufacturing to amphetamines, which are increasingly inundating neighbouring Thailand. At the same time, China's activities in Upper Burma have expanded considerably. However, this aid is said to have been conditional on the people of Burma moving the Wa away from their frontiers (the Chinamen are not interested in the Wa drugs trade either).
This has resulted in a mass relocation operation by the Myanmar army using the Wa against the Shan along the Thai-borders. In February 2001 this culminated in a cross-border attack of Wa on Thai soil near the important Tachilek/Mae Sai hub. Supposedly the Wa's goal was to force the Shan insurgents out of an important drugs traffic lane, but the attack put the Thai army in the picture, shut off frontier traffic and triggered an internal conflict.
Even though the frontier was re-opened in June 2001, it still remained depressed. Until recently, nobody in the political arena blamed the rock industry for having a case of moral hazard. Use Burma. Yes, the selling of drugs and gemstones from Burma is a support for a federal administration that would even give Pol Pot a serious rush to win the Wretch-of-the-millennium prize.
And even in an Orange community like Burma, where bare apprehension compels neighbours to keep each other informed, the gem and drug business goes on. And if a totallyitarian Burmese government cannot eradicate these businesses, what opportunity do we have in a democracy that at least basically pay tribute to personal liberty?
So if we choose not to buy the Burmese ruby or juniper anymore, then, for reasons of consistence, what about Saudi Arabian oils? Sadaam' s Iraq, Shah's Iran, Somozas Nicaragua, and a variety of murderers of humans from Washington to the tip of Chile, we have and still do dealings with countries with questionable violations of them.
What right do we Americans have to give Burmese talks on the drugs deal when our own secret services have been feeding it for years? Pakistanis are throwing back the gauntlet after the UK's chief anti-drug chief tells his fellow Pakistanis about the need to tackle the cultivation of opium:
"When young [DEA] operatives see individuals like Oliver North and Lewis Tambs (former US embassador to Costa Rica) banished from Costa Rica for trafficking, it is difficult for them to embrace. Everything from afar is façade-like, every single one of them the same. China and Texas have a cult that committed "suicide" in policing detention.
Burma, America - it'?s dark, it'?s clear. Thanks also to the many people from Burma, China, Thailand and other countries who took the opportunity to show me their worlds to help me see more than just monochrome. Unfortunately in August 2003 the US administration placed a complete ban on all goods from Burma.
And on the face of it, it was supposed to penalize the Myanmar military chief. Prohibited Birmanian gems in crossfire. Hughes is the writer of the classical Rubin & Sapphire and a long-time observer of Burma. Over 20 years of trading in gemstones, most of them in Southeast Asia. Booth, Martin (1996) Opium:
Castillo, Celerino & Harmon, Dave (1994) Powderburns Cocaine, Contras & the Drug War. A report about the opium Imbroglio in the canton in the 1830s and the following Anglo-Chinese war. Irrawaddy Magazine, Vol. 8, No. 6, June 2000. Lintner, Bertil (1994) Burma in revolt:
since 1948. McCoy, Alfred W. (1972) The Politics of Heroin in Southeast Asia. McCoy, Alfred W. (1991) The Politics of Heroin in Southeast Asia : The CIA' s complicity in global drugs dealing. Unseen Kingdom of Overseas Chinese. There is nothing new about the USA's formal and informal participation in drugs dealing.
The OSS (and later CIA) recruited the infamous Nazi, Klaus Barbie, from 1947. Central American CIA assistance to Central Americans who were strongly engaged in trafficking in cocaine during the 1980s Contra Wars in Nicaragua (Webb, 1998). Drugs helicopter to Colombia, where the transaction is related to intensive advocacy by US-based Bell Helicopter.
Following studying that would be in breach of the federal statute (federal revenue dollar cannot be used to affect state elections), Hutchinson suggested that Congress repeal the statute so that federal funds could be targeted to affect electors in states with upcoming pharmaceutical reforms initiative (Behind the Bushes). Personally, I have successfully cheated the hell out of [Thai] China drugs traffickers who were also the sources of an inquiry into drugs traffickers in a case entitled "the Herman Jackson Organization".
" Essentially, Herman Jackson and a pile of GI's from Vietnam bought cannabis in Thailand and placed the cannabis in corpses of GI's who had been slaughtered in Vietnam, and the corpses were transported through Thailand and then to the United States. They used the corpses of our 19- and 20-year-old young men slain in this "holy war" as wires for smack.
Those Chinaman drugs traffickers who had really purchased my number wanted to take me to a lab in Chiang Mai where they would produce 100's of pounds. Well, that was at a point in our story when the greatest shock from smack was the so-called Frenchspeaking shock, 65 or 67 pounds of smack.
Now, there are guys here who invite me to a plant that makes 100 pounds of cannabis a week! No! "The case ended exactly where I had been, at the point of the China traders in Bangkok itself. "One more big win in the drugs world. My own administration could be protecting those who use our GI's - young Americans killed as smack!
It' too much for young anaesthetics to take. Just keep doing your business".... and when they see things around them like Oliver North, he... it's really fun, he brought out a notebook... I don't even want to say the name - but I searched the index and he has three pages dedicated to drugs, but in his own journals (he has twenty 600-page notebooks) he has 500 pages of notes about drugs....
When young operatives see such things... when young operatives see how Oliver North and Lewis Tambs (former US embassador in Costa Rica) have been banished from Costa Rica for trafficking, it is difficult for them to agree.