Former Capital of BurmaThe former capital of Burma
Discover the 3 antique capital cities of Mandalay in Burma (Myanmar)
Discover the three former imperial capital cities around Mandalay: Sagaing, Ava, and Amarapura. On the other side of the Irrawaddy River lies Sagaing. Cloaked with 600 whitewashed palagodas and convents, Legaing Hill is considered the spiritual centre of Myanmar. There are 3,000 friars and 100 centers of prayer and many pagoda to be visited.
AvaRiding in a horse-drawn carriage is the best way to see Ava, which was Burma Ava' s capital from the fourteenth to the eighteenth century. Although it is difficult to believe that Ava was ever the capital of a land, some of its famous past can be found in the old Bagaya Monastery and the ruins of the fortress.
The former capital is a great way to explore Burma's scenic landscape as you drive through many small towns amidst the remains of Ava. Amarapura The name Amarapura means "city of immortality" and was twice the capital of Burma: once from 1783-1821, then again from 1842-1859. Today the town is famous for its famous wickerwork and you can go to the garages to see the finest handcrafted produce first hands.
You will also see the Mahagandayon Monastery, which is home to over a thousand Buddhist friars, and the U Bein Brigde. Built with 984 poles that were once part of the Inwa Palace, this 200-year-old wooden deck is 1.2 kilometers long, making it the longest wooden deck in the whole wide range. Take a walk along the viaduct and admire the magnificent view of the nearby farmhouses and canals.
and no one came: In Burma's ghost town
It had stumbled for hour s over a black, rugged street from the busy trading capital Yangon. Naypyidaw, the Burmese Oz, was the secret capital of Burma, constructed by the Burmese authorities in total silence and proclaimed the country's capital in 2005 despite its remoteness and total shortage of population.
This town, allegedly six of New York Capital, was totally desolated that evening. Naypyidaw should not be much more alive in the light of day. Apart from the officials and overseas advisors who have to do business there, 11-lane motorways, cafés that have been rebuilt in aeroplanes, and a stripe of elaborate fluorescent lined hotel rooms, the Vegas-like jungles town is practically not used.
Than Shwe, head of the Myanmar ruling Myanmar's army Junta until 2011, made a surprise statement in 2005: "The Yangon administration would take up the vibrant Yangon town, formerly Rangoon, and move to a bleak area 250 leagues northward. Confused Myanmar residents and the global fellowship saw the call for their activities to be moved down as soon as possible.
The secrecy of Naypyidaw was such that there are no records of the start of work. In fact, the authorities have excluded from the visit even embassies and detained two reporters who were still taking photos one year after the opening. Shwe has still no clear reason to leave Yangon: some thought he was seeking security from a possible insurrection in the town or wanted to move away from the warlike minorities that the Myanmar authorities have suppressed in brutal ways for years.
There' s a story in the area that he followed the counsel of an astrogist. Burma's goverment says that 1 million Naypyidaw residents, but when The Guardian came to visit in March, the only pedestrian walkers who polished the waste-free pavements were lint. The most egregious was the new capital, whose costs were put at 4 billion dollars by The Guardian.
A series of leisure pursuits have thus been established which are totally incompatible with the real economy in one of the worlds most disadvantaged states. There is even a reproduction of the famed gold-encrusted Shwedagon pagoda in Yangon, but without the flocks of people taking pictures and praying. Naypyidaw is celebrating its tenth anniversary this year, but guest writers say it has hardly been invented since the inauguration.
With the construction of Naypyidaw, Shwe perhaps secured his heritage in the traditions of many dictatorial conceit ventures before him, from the huge reproduction of St Peter's Church by Félix Houphouët-Boigny, former President Mobutu Sese Seko's luxury jungles in Gbadolite, which could have costed 500 million dollars.
However, as the legislators in Naypyidaw struggle under the distant façade of flaming candles, the guard dogs say that full reform has not yet reached the Myanmar population.