Form of Government MyanmarGovernment of Myanmar
Which form of government is currently developing?
Myanmar's nine political and ethnical political groups form alliance
Twenty-nine Myanmar based factions said on Wednesday that they will be forming a government next months to press for a federation of democracy and constitutional change. "We have just approved to establish the FDA and we will be signing the Memorandum of Understanding on January 7," said Khin Maung Swe, and added that the nine-member group had also issued an invitation to "other parties".
NDF is the largest of the nine factions in parliamentary representations. Mr Khin Maung Swe said the group would be allowed to "work simultaneously on the formation of a federation and a democracy" as a sign that it would comment on the ongoing constitutional change discussion to open the way for more democratic and policy-reform.
He said the FDA would outlined their priorities on January 7 after officially making the coalition, but added that they would concentrate on culturing a sense of single racial and connectionationalism. "Myanmar is a land where many different communities coexist.... If we can foster both types of nationism, we will have cohesion and growth, and companies will be growing in our country," he said.
Alongside the NDF, the FDA will include the DDP (Myanmar), the Party for Democracy and Peace, the Party for Unity and Peace, the Union DPA, the Kayin (Karen) People's Party, the Party for Peace and Diversity, the United Demokratic Party and the Chin Development Party. Constitution ReviewThe nine political groups came when Myanmar's Joint Committee for Revising the Constitution (JCRC) said it would convene on 7 January to "review and discuss" the proposed amendments to the Constitution, according to a statement by the Council of Burma's National Parliament.
JCRC last weekend reported that it had recieved over 400 submissions from politicians, organisations and individual citizens with 2,512 proposals to change the EU Constitutional Charter, DVB said. Before the next Myanmar elections in 2015, Aung San Suu Kyi's opponent NLD (National League for Democracy) demanded comprehensive constitutional changes.
Most of the country's civil servants have spoken out in favour of amending the constitution. Drafted in 2008 towards the end of the decade of reigning the army, the draft constitution allocates a fourth of the parliamentary seat to the army and calls for a three-quarters vote in a nationwide referenda on the table. Myanmar's indigenous politics and heavily militarised groups of rebels, which have negotiated ceasefire deals with the Myanmar authorities after many years of fighting, have demanded changes that will allow greater independence for communities and states.
RoadmapFollowing discussions over recent few month's, the authorities and insurgent groups have reached an overall understanding to conclude a national ceasefire as a first stage towards a lasting post decade-long struggle peacefulness. The two sides also agree to engage in dialog with a view to finding a lasting policy solution. Since its election to office in 2011, President Thein Sein's administration has ratified ceasefire deals with several groups of rebels and is seeking a unified covenant for all groups to accelerate reform after almost 50 years of reign.
Goverment signatories have said they want all groups of insurgents to endorse the national ceasefire at a ceremonial in the capitol Naypyidaw by the end of the year. As well as creating a federated federation, the rabble-rousing insurgents are hoping that meaningful dialog with the administration will give their groups more independence in Myanmar's rapid reform.
In the past months, Myanmar's leading international politics factions and militarized ethnical groups have concluded their first meetings as part of the peacemaking processes, with attendees stating that it has strengthened confidence in the effort to achieve a nationwide settlement. Meetings between the United Nationalities Federal Alliance (UNFC) insurgent chiefs and 11 members of opposing and ethnical groups took place in the north of Chiang Mai in neighbouring Thailand.