Food in Myanmar Burmaeating in Myanmar Burma
In Burma, long-term food shortages are hindering people' s ability to eat sufficient and nutritional food, and physical activity constraints are affecting life chances, especially in those affected by the war. About 38 per cent of the people live below the income threshold. Burmese people are malnourished due to poor nutritional balance, food uncertainty in households, poor nutritional practice and poor healthcare availability.
According to the UN World Food Program (WFP), almost 30 per cent of infants under 5 years of age have a history of nutrition. In 2017, the Global Hunger Index reports that about 7 per cent of the under 5s are suffering from severe undernourishment. Assaults by gunmen on Burma's police stations in August 2017 and ensuing army missions in Rakhine led to massive expulsions, and the continuing shortage of people in the country has increased the country's human needs.
Approximately 700,000 refugees, mainly Rohingya Muslims, have escaped since the August bombings to neighbouring Bangladesh, where they live in refugee camps, temporary housing estates and receiving societies and are threatened by food security, undernourishment and diseases. Endangered groups - especially those of young and old - have no basic service provision, such as healthcare, basic educational, livelihood and market opportunities, due to continuing uncertainty and inactivity.
FFP funding also allows WFP to identify and chart the emergencies in these areas, making it easier to provide life-saving relief. During the 2017 fiscal year, FFP provided US$13.2 million to the WFP and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), which includes immediate food relief and ready-to-use medical food for infants under five years of age suffering from serious, severe nutritional anomalies.
UNICEF and its partner focus on internally-displaced populations and those affected by the crises, providing nutritional testing and community-based SAM treatments for infants, and developing capacities for regional healthcare agencies through surveillance, education and programming.