Famous places in Kayin stateWell-known places in the state of Kayin
Romant Vintage Legends
Peaceful hillside resorts in Kayin State. The Thandaung was also designed as a mound by the British from that time. The Thandaung is a romantically town. Located in Kayin State, it is mainly populated by the lovely and humble Bwe Kayin (Karen), most of whom are Christians.
As many of the scenic hillside cities, there is a legendary Kayin folklore associated with this place, and the Dawparkho or Bwihikho chain, which at 4,824 ft above sealevel has its highest summit close by. Myanmar Union is surrounded on its east, north and west sides by rolling countryside and high peaks.
On some of these slopes there are some beautiful cities where you can relax in peace and quiet. The Myitkyina in Kachin State, the Haka and the Tiddim in Chin State are also famous cities constructed on the heights. Some of these cities were developped as summers on the hill during cold times, where Europeans could get away from the central plain heating and damp.
Some of the most famous places are Maymyo or Pyin-Oo-Lwin, Kalaw and Taunggyi. Often we miss another scenic hillside village named Thandaung (which means iron hill), which is much nearer to Yangon than the above cities. The Thandaung was also designed as a mound by the British from that time.
Coincidentally, it is the nearest to Yangon as it is only about 200 mile away and can be accessed for a half days trip by road or coach. For those who choose to take the rail, the Yangon to Taungoo line takes about six hour's travel by rail, and from Taungoo to Thandaung it is only 27 kilometers by road through luxuriant primeval forest, seeing cascading rivers and climbing over 4,000 ft to Thandaung.
By the way, Saw is the honor for men and Naw for Kayin use. Many years ago it occurred, and according to tradition, Naw Bu Baw was the daugther of the ocean kingdom, and she came to these high mounds to wed the locals Saw Thaw oh Khwa, the kid of Kiku from those uplands.
Both the prince and the new princess were very much in love and strolled together through these beautiful mounds and peaks, brooks and grasslands. The Kayin tribe did not agree with Naw Bu Baw because she came from far away, and because of the power she received from her magic crest, they thought she was a sorceress.
Naw Bu Baw was accused by the locals of being a magician, took her to the highest summit of the Dawparkho Range and put her into a cave. The locals still show the visitor where it was kept bound and closed. Brief story Shortly after the end of the Second Anglo-Burmese War in 1852, when Lower Myanmar was anneked, the British first began to develop Thandaung as a mountain resort with import workers from India.
Two years before the last Myanmar king was dropped at Mandalay in 1883, Thandaung became a soldier's sanatorium for about a year for those who recover from injuries and disease. About a year later this venture was given up and the city became a civilian railway depot. Previously, the Public Works Department had constructed a highway 22 northeast of Taungoo to 22 leagues to get to Thandaung.
In 1911 there was a 15-man policestation in Thandaung, a small guesthouse, a circle building and a regional breakfast for visits by civil servants, a postal and telecommunications service and two dormitories in Europe with 64 students, 23 of whom were youngsters. Released in 1914, the Taungoo County Gazetteer painterly says: "There is a licenced store for the retailing of overseas spirits and overseas fermentation alcohol," which probably means that whiskey and wines were readily available to the visitor.
The visitor can still see an old Baptist church named Zion Churchill, another Baptist church and an Anglican church on another mound. Thandaung' management did not begin until 1900. 1915 the municipal offices were transferred to Laitho, 1935 however again to Thandaung. The Thandaung is no longer in the Taungoo District as the Kayin State starts about 13 nautical miles after the Sittaung Riverside.
Thandaung has been part of the Pha-an District of Kayin State since 1954. For many years Thandaung became a neglected city due to the uprisings and crises that broke out shortly after the independence of Myanmar in January 1948. It is only in recent years, after Thandaung has found again peacefulness and security, that it is now being expanded as a hill resort for Myanmar Union guests as well as internationalers.
If you are coming to Thandaung, it is best to take the 27-mile hilly Taungoo route by auto. Over the Sittaung River you will first see the Kayin and Bama towns with their abundant paddy paddies and various vegetable markets. You' ll soon be entering the luxuriant tropic jungle of Kayin State's Kayin Land forest, where many valuable species of trees such as teak, pyinkado, padawak, ginger and other hardwoods abound.
Thandaung is now split into two cities, the pristine city on the hillside, now known as Thandaung Myo Haung (Old Town) and Thandaung Myo Thit (New Town), evolved in Pathi Chaung, next to the quaint and enchanting Pathi Creek with its cold, crystalline water that plunges in streams across round boundaries and gravel to reach the Sittaung Riverside at Taungoo.
Expanded from the former Pathi Chaung village, Neustadt is only about 13 mile from Taungoo and a popular picnic place for those living in the plain and in recent years also for migrants. Area of the new city is 177 hectares. Here and also on the hill you can see a lot of local stuff like hamper and canvas.
Locals are good handlers and fishers and if you are interested you can take part in their outings. In 1959 Thandaung Myo Thit (Neustadt) became the community headquarter because the old community headquarter in the old part of the city on the hill was hard to get to. New Thandaung is also known as this new city.
It takes about an hours to reach the pristine Thandaung Myo Haung or Old City, which is a short ride through the curvy hillsides with luxuriant verdant tropic flora. Breathtaking vistas from many places where you can stop the vehicle and marvel at the landscape and photograph memorabilia.
They cross some old Kayin towns, the biggest of which, Bawgaligyi, lies at the foot of the hill and is particularly known for its sugary orange trees; these orange trees have a dark peel instead of the common one. The old city on the hill at 4,050 ft above seeevel is today formally known as Thandaungyi (meaning bighandaung) to differentiate it from the new city that took over the name and state of its HQ.
It' s a pretty small city, only 1.57 square-mile ( 1,007 acres) and you can go around the whole area with ease. It has a combined headcount of only 3,766, but there are some new arrivals. Kayin tribe mainly lives in Bwe', but also other Kayin breeds like Sgaw, Paku, Moebwa, Palaychie and other Myanmar tribes exist in perfect balance with each other.
There are six stations and 354 homes in the city. One of the most beautiful features of the city is the panoramic view that can be seen from all parts of this small city. Further mounds and peaks can be seen to the left, right and left, to the left, right and left, while the Sittaung River basin can be seen to the right, with wide vistas of the Bago Yoma hill behind.
Those who have visited Chiang Mai, the Doi Suthep Hill and the Mae Sa Tal in the western and northern parts of the town can imagine the kind of landscape around Thandaung as the two mountains are on the same parallel and only a hundred kilometres apart.
At Thandaung, the natural surroundings are completely untouched; there are few humans and everything is verdant, the surroundings are quiet. Thandaung' s only artificial landscape really contributes to its natural beauties and does not affect them. These are the delightful gardens of teas and coffees on some of the Thandaung hills. For investments in growing teas there are still many undeveloped hills.
You can buy giant, tasty chestnut or chestnut brown bandanas around Thandaung, named Shwengapyaw or Golden Bandanas. Attendees will appreciate the cold weather, with an averaging temperature of about 65'F per year. Winter is temperate and, like most areas in Myanmar, the best period to attend Thandaung is from October to the end of February.
Myanmar visitor during the March to mid-May hot weather would find Thandaung comfortably chilly. There will be a new, contemporary building for guests. Guests from near and far are welcomed by the ordinary hill tribe, the different Kayin tribes and the Gurkhas who were introduced by the Britons and now reside near Thandaung.