**spspan class="mw-headline" id="Geschichte">Geschichte>>
As one of the first colonies in California, Ensenada has developed into a cruising base, an aeronautics and space centre and a base for the Valle de Guadalupe, a typical winegrowing area.... Located on the coast of Bahía de Todos Santos - a bay of the Pacific Ocean on the golden coast of the promontory - the harbour of Ensenada is an important trading, fishery and tourism harbour.....
It is home to a naval station, an armies station and Ensenada International Aerodrome, which also serves as an air field of arrival to Mexico..... The Ensenada is supported by small mountains. The Bahia Todos Santos, on which Ensenada is now standing, was first visited by ship from El Salvador and Victoria by the Spaniard Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo.
It was established on 17 September 1542 under the name of San Mateo. 4 ] In 1602, the town was re-named Ensenada de Todos Santos by Sebastián Vizcaíno, while it mapped the Californian coastline in quest of ports of refuge for the return of Spaniards from Manila to Acapulco. 4] Ensenada means "bay" or "bay".
Ensenada's 20th c. evolution was supported by prohibitions, which sent Americans and Canadians looking for fun and drink just to their southern borders, first in Tijuana, then Rosarito and then Ensenada as travelers. Opened in 1930, the Hotel Riviera del Pacífico briefly put Ensenada on the world' s glamour card and was attended several occasions by President Miguel Aleman, as well as numerous important figures of the world and politics, but unlike the Hotel del Coronado, it was never a lasting achievement (despite the assertion that margaritas were created there).
The town did not flourish until the early 1950' s, when the Ensenada had reached 20,000 inhabitants. At this point, other properties were open and Ensenada's populace and economies were growing and diversifying to their current state. The Ensenada is mainly a medium-sized seaside town. Only skyscraper within its boundaries is the Villa Marina Hotel, although new properties and resort developments in north-western Ensenada such as Entremar, La Costa and Viento complement the city's urban sprawl and make up most of the city's skyscrapers.
The Civic Plaza (or Plaza of Three Heads, as the natives know it), with statues of Benito Juarez, Venustiano Carranza and Miguel Hidalgo, the huge Mexico banner (Bandera monumental) and the cruising terminals of Lake Constance and the naval port, are located on and near the coasts of the coves.
There are several navies like Ensenada Cruiseport Village, Hotel Coral & Marina, Punta Morro and more. Bajamar Oceanfront Golf Estate in Baja Mar is also near the northern part of Baja California and is a well-known bathing town. Most of the land or sea life around Ensenada in the Baja California Isles is unparalleled.
Guadalupa Island, off the shore of the town, is one of the best places in the wide open sea to see the great white sharks. The Ensenada has a temperate semi-arid environment (Köppen BSh), similar to the remainder of north-western Baja California. Ensenada's hot summers coastline is strongly influenced by the cool California current.
Because of the currents, the hotter months of the year are the hotter one. The Santa Ana breeze - also in large parts of Southern California - is the cause of the rise in temperatures all year round. While Santa Anas the windward side changes and draws hot internal hot breezes to the shore.
Snow is scarce with the last one in January 2007, when the hilly areas just outside the town had little snow. Much like the remainder of the Gold Coast and the southern coast of California, Ensenada is experiencing the periodical May Grey and June Glom naval history events. After Tijuana and Mexicali, Ensenada is the third biggest town on the Baja California Peninsula.
Hispanic is the dominant local dialect, although English is widely used in the tourism and downtown areas. The Ensenada develops research and research in the fields of nature, with a particular emphasis on maritime studies. The Ensenada is considered the town with the highest number of researchers per head in Latin America.
The Center of Scientific Research and Higher Training of Ensenada (CICESE) carries out research in the fields of Earth Science, Applied Physics, Oceanography, Communication and Experimental and Applied Biology. Other research is carried out on the UABC Autonomous University of Baja California, Ensenada (UABC) main research in the fields of oceanography and educational science, although there are groups in physics, biology and other related fields.
Mexico's National Autonomous University (UNAM) has a research center in the town. National Astronomical Observatory (Mexico) is situated on the hills just south of the town. It is not part of a railway network with which it could carry freight and other material, although there are projects to construct a railway line to the United States frontier in the near to medium terms that would connect it with San Diego-Tijuana.
In contrast to the bigger northern towns, Ensenada has only six large industry estates, as opposed to 26 in Mexicali and 51 in Tijuana, as the business sector is more strongly oriented towards the tourist and technological sectors. Situated about 108 kilometres southwards of the U.S. frontier, Ensenada is linked by a four-lane MX-1D highway and a two-lane open highway, making it a prime tourist area.
Ensenada's close vicinity to California also makes it a popular location for brief cruises from Port of Los Angeles and Port of Long Beach. Since 2005, four shipping companies that moored each week in Ensenada, but one of these vessels - the Monarch of the Seas, run by Royal Caribbean cruise services - discontinued operation in the Pacific in mid-October 2008.
Each year, the world-famous Offroad Rallye Baja 1000 takes place in Ensenada at the end of November, while the Rallye de la 500 takes place in early June. Offroad fans use Ensenada as a base to discover the island of California all year round. Water sports and closeness to the sea have a firm place in the tourist industry and its relationship to the city's economy.
The Ensenada and Ensenada area' s seaside cities have several well-known surf locations such as San Miguel beaches, California Trailer Park, stacks and 3 M's (Tres Emes in Spanish) on the northern shore of the town. To Todos Santos is a small islet just south of Ensenada (about two hrs by boat) and a well known surfstop.
Well-known for its inherent splendour and durability, surf spot surfers in the area have been involved in several surf competitions such as the Billabong XL on Todos Santos Island, a part of the town. Tourist also stop in the town on their way to their destination further southwards in the community, where there are places known for their superb sail.
The maritime pleasures of the town also extend to the worldwide Newport to Ensenada and Ensenada Yacht Race, which is considered the biggest sail race in the word, starting in Newport Beach and ending in Ensenada. The race is another seasonal tourism destination where you can experience the Baya 1000 and 500. It has also become a touristic destination in the town with the seasonal migrations of the grey whales of Alaska to the lagoon of California Sur.
Cetaceans can be observed from the Ensenada shore between December and March and in April and May. Guadalupe, a historic missionary city close by, was revitalised from 1905 to 1910 with immigrants of spiritual Christians, mainly Pryguny from the Caucasus, southern Russia. In the aftermath of World War II, most went to California to join more wealthy families, while many who stayed married to Mexicans and lived in Ensenada and Tijuana.
Each August, the beginning of the vintage period in Guadalupe Valley and Ensenada is marked by a two-week programme of culture and gastronomy activities entitled Fiestas de la Vendimia (Vintage Festival). In Ensenada there is a road named "La Calle Primera" or Adolfo Lopez Mateos ("1st Street").
It is a touristic place in Ensenada because of its many "Curios" (short for "Curiosidades" drinks and souvenirs) stores, restaurant, hotels, pubs and famous nightlife like Hussong?s Cantina, Mini Bar, Shots Factory, Lutzenkirch The Nightclub and Papas & Beer. The Primera is only one boulder away from Ventana al Mar ("window to the sea"), a promenade with a huge Mexico banner.
Ensenada Carnival is one of the biggest in the land, with tens of thousand gathered in the street for six whole days/nights. A little further down the road on Hwy 1 is the second largest[quote needed] of three known great ocean geeysers in the worid, commonly known as La Bufadora ("The Blowhole").
The Bufadora, a sea gear or blow hole on the Punta Banda peninsula. Ensenada's harbour has a great impact on the civilian sector. The Ensenada is the only deepwater harbour in the state of Baja California and on the Baja California Peninsula. It is part of the industry standards navigation corridors that connect it directly with the following major ports: La Paz, Manzanillo, Mazatlán, Acapulco and Lázaro Cárdenas in Mexico, San Diego, Long Beach and Los Angeles in America, Puerto Quetzal in Guatemala, Valparaíso in Chile, Yokohama in Japan and Hong Kong in China.
In Ensenada the Fender guitar and low frequencies of the Fender standards are made. Over 90 types of fishery are commercial in Ensenada; the main types of fishery are tunnel, prawns, Californian lobsters, abalones, sea urchins, sardines, mackerels and seaweeds. Thuna embargoes against Mexico in the 90s prompted most of the fishery fleets to move to the harbours of Guaymas and Mazatlán further southwards.
In order to live, Ensenada's cannabis production has moved its main emphasis to the cultivation of tunas, and has exported its prized meats almost entirely to Japan. For over 50 years Ensenada has been famous for sport fisheries. Every year several hundred fishermen go to Ensenada to fish and take the short routes that you have to take by boat to get to the big fisher.
Ensenada has three major cultivation areas: the Guadalupe-Calafia Vale to the N, the Ojos Negros Vale to the E and the San Quintin Vale to the S.. In the Ensenada area, one of the first operations was the production of copper and copper, and some of these are still in use.
During the last few years, very large quantities of pebbles have been obtained from streams in countryside areas and are now being sold for infrastructural work in California, USA. All of the following universities are located in Ensenada. Ensenada's variety as a town is partly due to influence from Spain, Russia and America.
It was the beginning of the expansion of the wine industries in the town. 19 ] This is a reminder of that era in the town' s museum. It is famous for its festivals and relaxed ambience, and is home to many activities such as the Vine Harvest Festival (Fiestas de la Vendimia) and the Ensenada Carnival.
Celebrating the vintage period, a range of activities take place in the town and near Guadalupe Valley. The Ensenada is serviced by three large papers. This is El Vigia, El Mexicano and the Gringo Gazette North, which covers all regional messages, sport, shops, job and municipal functions, although the Gringo Gazette is the dominating newspaper published in British.
La Jornada and El Frontera have been published in the town since 2013. There are also other online features such as Ensenada. net, El Septentrión and Plex. It is managed by a municipal councillor. The harbour areas are managed by the Ensenada Harbour Authority. Ensenada is a town in the Ensenada and Chapultepec districts and is the capital of the state.
Ensenada Harbour is an internationally deep sea harbour and the most important harbour in the town. Beside the harbour, the Bahia de Todos Santos coastline is littered with a large number of marine life. Besides the town' s harbour, there are a number of navies, such as Marina Baja Fiesta, Marina Cruiseport Village, Marina Coral and Marina Baja Naval.
In order to meet United States legislation on cargo transportation, many US Pacific port operators dock in Ensenada. It is located at an intersection of important main roads on the peninsula leading to the north of Los Angeles, San Diego and Mexicali and to Cabo San Lucas and La Paz to the north.
Bahia de La Paz and Lazaro Cardenas, which run to the north-west and south-east, are the major streets of the town. One Fender factory is in Ensenada. This town is the scene of a Neil Diamond track entitled "In Ensenada" on the Heartlight record. Lovett called his 1996 record The Way to Ensenada as a tribute to the 100 km long coast highway between Tijuana and Ensenada.
In Warren Zevon's track Carmelita, Ensenada is mentioned. In 1895 the Hollywood living Briton Nigel Bruce was borne in Ensenada, while his family was on vacation in the town. Ensenada is mentioned by We in the track "Bananas and Blow".
Brandon Lee and his friend were supposed to marry on April 17, 1993 in Ensenada, but Lee was killed during the shooting of The Crow. Ed tries to persuade his boss Wilbur to take him on holiday to Ensenada and Wilbur tries to persuade his family.
Some of the first installment of the TV show Simon & Simon, "Details at Eleven", was shot in Ensenada on Ruiz Avenue. Kenny South Court is approached by a coach arriving in Ensenada. On the phone home, Cartman thinks Kenny is from hell and wrongly thinks that a descriptive of Ensenada is a hell.
As part of a 2006 sequel to The O.C., Ryan Atwood (Ben McKenzie) and Seth Cohen (Adam Brody) go to Ensenada in quest of Kevin Volchok (Cam Gigandet), who murdered Marissa Cooper (Mischa Barton)'s car (accused of second class assassination in California) by knocking it off the street, thereby overturning it and catching fire.
Leap to: a d e "Estimated mid-year populations by state and community 2015". Jumping up ^ "Ensenada: Leap to the top ^ "47 towns become members of the UNESCO Creative Citizens Network - Creative Citizens Network". de.unesco.org.
Skip up to: a bar "History - About Ensenada". The Baja California Language College. Skip up ^ "History of Ensenada". Highjump ^ Kottek, M.; J. Grieser; C. Beck; J. Rudolf; F. Rubel (2006). High Jumping ^ "Estado de Baja California-Estacion: Leap up ^ "Extreme temperature and precipitation for Presa Emilio Lopez Zamora 1923-2007" (in Spanish).
High jumping ^ "Normal climate for Ensenada, B.C" (in Spanish). Jumping up ^ "MEXICO: MEXICO: California". Jumping up ^ "Ensenada". High Jumping ^ Senett, Keph (April 4, 2011). Jewelry up ^ "Baja Bucket List - 3 memorable "Only in Baja" adventures that everyone should try at least once". Leap to the top ^ "Science and Technology".
The Ensenada Economic Development Corporation. High up ^ "Baja Guide - Explore Ensenada". Skip up to: a d "Ensenada Sports Travel". Jumping up ^ "Ensenada Portal - Marinas". Retrieved on August 2, 2011. Skip up ^ "SCI: Sister City Directory". International Sister Cities. Hop up ^ "Newport Beach Sister City".