Economic Cost of MalariaThe economic costs of malaria
So what is malaria? Why should I put money into malaria control? Economic impact of malaria | Cost efficient interventions | What can the public sector do? So what is malaria? An infectious insect bites malaria, a condition infectious to human beings, which is due to the presence of a parasite of the type Lasmodium. While malaria is avoidable and manageable, half the world's populations are at high risk.
More than 655,000 people die every year from malaria, threatening the world' s population. Might you invest in malaria prevention? Our malaria eradication effort has proved its worth. Much more needs to be done to eliminate this epidemic, but thanks to greater overall awareness, financing and effective partnership we have had considerable success:
Over one million Africans have been rescued in the last 10 years, and more than 40 end-emic nations have reduced their malaria or death rates by half in recent years. If we do not make further investments, we could not only loose the profits we have made, but the position will become even more acute and cost even more in the years to come.
The economic effects of malaria Malaria is thought to have an economic cost of $12 billion per year. These figures include healthcare expenses, absence, days of absence from training, reduced production due to CNS injury and losses of investments and tourist facilities. The malaria is poor for business: the illness is causing employees' absence, higher healthcare expenditures and reduced production, which can have a negative effect on a company's name.
In sub-Saharan Africa, a 2011 Roll Back Malaria Assessment found that 72% of businesses had a adverse effect on malaria, with 39% taking this effect seriously. Nearly three-quarters of African businesses stated in a 2004 poll that malaria had a bad effect on their businesses. The most vulnerable to malaria are vulnerable young people, especially those in the countryside, who are depleting the family.
Overall, up to 25% of household incomes in Africa are lost to the sickness. Major eminent experts predict that malaria causes an "economic punishment for growth" of up to 1.3% per year in indigenous Africa. It is discouraging investment and travel, affecting the use of lands and the choice of crops, resulting in sub-optimal farm output, reducing labour efficiency and hampering study.
The impact of malaria on the economy is expected to be 5-6%. Malaria represents 15% of health-related absences from work in some areas. Malaria is thought to affect up to 60% of students' capacity to learn in areas of the world. Accessibility to malaria management measures can improve production, promote growth and households' expenditure.
Which are the most cost-effective measures? Due to the socio-economic impact of the malaria epidemic, the fight against malaria is becoming an important part of the country's strategy to combat it. Continued action is needed to make sure that investments in malaria eradication are well invested and that durable insecticide-treated nets (LLINs), artemisinin combination therapies (ACTs) and other instruments become more easily available to endangered groups by subsidising the cost of producing, making medicines more affordable and lowering or eliminating taxation and customs duties on malaria products.
In the last ten years, the cost-effectiveness of the most important measures for malaria prophylaxis and treatment has proven itself. In 2000, the Global Forum for Health Research issued a fairly comprehensive overview of the findings on the cost-effectiveness of malaria management measures. All the malaria management measures that have been assessed represent an appealing resource use.
Participation of the public health system in the fight against malaria is crucial to contain and ultimately eliminate the malaria. United Against Malaria campaigns' business associates in Africa alone have provided protection for some 10 million workers through "Malaria Safe" campaigns such as malaria education programmes and network distribution. To learn more about how businesses can join the United Against Malaria initiative and help end the malaria epidemic by 2015, please see the Malaria Safe Playbook.