The Dordrecht (Dutch debate: Dordt ([d?rt]), commonly known as Dordt ([d?rt]), is a town and community in the western Netherlands that is situated in the South Holland area. With 118,450 inhabitants, it is the provincial's forth-biggest town. Dordrecht's commune includes the whole of Dordrecht Island, often referred to as Dordt Island ("Dordt Island"), bounded by the Oude Maas, Beneden Merwede, Nieuwe Merwede, Hollands Diep and Dordtsche Kil river.
It is the biggest and most important town in Drechtsteden and also belongs to the Randstad, the most important urban area of the Netherlands. The oldest town in Holland, Dordrecht has a wealth of historical and cultural attractions. Dordrecht comes from Thuredriht (around 1120), Thuredrecht (around 1200). Residents of Dordrecht are Dordtenaren (unique: Dordtenaar).
Dordt is the informal name given to Dordrecht by its people. Dordrecht was an important trading harbour in previous times, known to English traders, and was known as Dort. This town was built along the Thure stream, surrounded by bogs. About 1120 Dordrecht was referred to when it was noticed that Earl Dirk IV of Holland was killed 1049 at "Thuredrech".
In 1220 Dordrecht was given town charter by William I, Count of Holland, making it the oldest town in the present South Holland region. Geertruidenberg was in fact the first town in the historic Dutch earldom to be given town charter, but this commune now belongs to the North Brabant area.
Dordrecht became an important centre of the markets in the twelfth and thirteenth century due to its strategically important position. When Dordrecht received the right to use staples in 1299, it became even more important. 1253 a Lateinschule was created in Dordrecht. 1572, four years after the Dutch uprising, in Dordrecht came together delegates from all the towns of Holland, with the sole exceptions of Amsterdam, and the Watergeuzen, representing William II de la Marck, to form the Eerste Vrije Staatenvergadering ("First Assembly of the Free States"), also known as Unie van Dordrecht ("Union of Dordrecht").
Convened by the town of Dordrecht, this clandestine assembly was a rebellion, as only King Philip II or his governor, then Duke of Alva, was permitted to convene an assembly of the States of Holland. It is considered to be the first important move towards the free and sovereign Dutch Republic.
Other important meetings such as the Union of Brussels (1577) and the Union of Utrecht (1579) smoothed the way for the formal autonomy of the Dutch Republic, which was proclaimed in 1581 in the Act of Abolition. Dordrecht's Union took place in an Augustine convent, which today is just known as the Court.
In the room where the gathering took place, de Statenzaal ("Ständersaal"), there is a coloured glazing showing the coat s-of-arms of the twelve towns present at the gathering. An important Dutch Reformed Church gathering, known as the Synod of Dordrecht, took place in Dordrecht from 13 November 1618 to 9 May 1619.
9 ] The synod tried and managed to resolve theological disagreements between the core teachings of Calvinism and a new schools of thought within the Netherlands Reformed Church, known as Arminianism and called after its religious director Jacobus Arminius. These were fought by the Contra-Remonstrants or the Gomarists, who were headed by the Netherlandish Franciscus Gomarus of theology.
Both Gomaristic Netherlands representatives and representatives of Protestant Reformation in Germany, Switzerland and England participated in the meeting. Although it was initially the intention that the Dutch Council would reach an understanding on the teaching of predictability among all Protestant church members, in reality this Netherlands Council was mainly dealing with the issues of the Netherlands Protestant Church.
In the opening meetings there was a new dutch Bible interpretation, a katechism and the bookmarking. Subsequently, the Synod invited the Remonstrants' delegates to give expression to their faith. Remonstrants rejected to follow the synodal regulations and were finally driven out of the Catholic denomination.
Later, the Synod began to study the Remonstrants' theory and explained that it was in contradiction with the Scriptures. Together with the Belgian Confession and the Heidelberg Catechism, these Canon of There continue to be the religious foundation of the Reformed churches in the Netherlands. Between 1780 and 1787, Dordrecht was the seat of the patriotic fraction that wanted to abolish the Orange-Nassau governor's inherited status.
However, his brother-in-law, King Frederick William II of Prussia, came to Wilhelm V's rescue, and on 18 September 1787 Dordrecht surrendered to the Prussian army. of Dordrecht from 1858. The importance of Dordrecht began to decline in the eighteenth and eighteenth centuries, and Rotterdam became the most important town in the area.
But over the course of the century, Dordrecht took a pivotal role in the defence of Holland. In August 1939, during the mobilisation, Dordrecht sent troops of foot and arm to protect the isle. As the Germans marched into the Netherlands on 10 May 1940, Dordrecht was the destination of landing for them. Following violent battles, they crossed the Dordrecht-Moerdijk and Dordrecht-Zwijndrecht viaducts.
A lot of Dordrecht houses were demolished. By the end of the Second World War, in the winters of 1944-45, Dordrecht and its environs were midway between the enemy forces. Eventually, Dordrecht was freed by the Canadians. 1970 the Dubbeldam community (then approx. 10,000 inhabitants) and the south part of the Sliedrecht community were integrated into Dordrecht, which made the island of Dordrecht a community.
The Dordrecht is devided into 27 boroughs, quarters and hamlets: Dordrecht Map of 1868.±% p.a. In 2008, approximately 17% of the Dordrecht people were of non-Western ancestry. In Dordrecht more than six thousand Turks are living, many of them from Kayapinar. Dordrecht has a wealth of cultural heritage due to its long and important historical part.
More than 950 memorials can be found in the mediaeval town center. The town also has 7 historical cathedrals and 6 museum in a relatively small area and every year there are many festival and event venues. Today the Augustijnenkerk ("Church of the Augustinians") was constructed around 1293 and is the property of the Dutch Reformed Church.
Nieuwkerk (New Church) or St. Nikolaas Kerk was constructed in 1175 and is the oldest edifice in Dordrecht, which is ironic. The Kyck over the Dyck, the last wind-mill in Dordrecht. Grosshoofdspoort ("Big Head's Gate") is the former Dordrecht town gateway dating from the fourteenth and fifteenth century.
Municipal office, 1383. Dordrecht is home to the following museums: Dordrecht's Dordrecht Temple, formally known as the Schilderijen Temple (the painting museum). 19 ] Even during Kunstrondje Dordt (literally: Kleiner Kunstkreis Dordt) and Dordt Monumenteel (Dordt Monumental), which draws around 100 visitors, Dordrecht's arts and culture and architecture are taken into account. The Wantijfest is an outdoor musical event that has been taking place every year in the second weekend of June since 1995.
22 ] Wantij Palace also houses the Wantij concertos, which take place every Monday in July and August. Dordrecht's other pop musical events include the World Jazz Day, an annual event in August or September, the Queensday Dancetour or Boulevard of Dance, the Big Rivers Fest, a June movie, musical, poetry en drama and cello fest, which occurs every four years on the weekends of the ascent.
Dordrecht Ooi- en Ramsgat (sheep and ram hole) is named during carnival, and its residents are sheepheads. In order not to have to foot the bill, two men disguised a lamb they had purchased outside the ramparts and tried to camouflage it as a man. It was found because it was bleating when the three men (two men and one sheep) went through the entrance to the fortification.
Dordrecht FC Dordrecht pro soccer team' s emblem contains the face of a Rams and its followers are known to be singing Wij zijn de Dordtse shapenkoppen (we are the Dordts Sheepheads) during the games. There' also a cockie named Schapenkop (sheep's head), which is a speciality of Dordrecht.
Plenty more myths about Dordrecht. A further myth is about the Onbeschaamde family. There is a well-known saying about Dordrecht: The nearer to Dordt, the more it rots (the nearer to Dordrecht, the more it rots). This proverb can probably be put down to the following: In the past, people used to travel by boat, and those who came near Dordrecht were forced by stacking law to exhibit their goods for a few short flights before they were permitted to continue.
Dordrecht 1901 picture card showing the former Merwepark house before it was destroyed by bombing in 1944. Biesbosch, a song right situated just north of Dordrecht, and Biesbosch, a song right situated just north of Dordrecht, together make up Hollandse Biesbosch, part of Biesbosch Nature Reserve, one of the Netherlands' biggest nature reserves and one of the last fresh water tidal areas in Europe.
Near the town there are also several park like Merwepark and Wantijpark. Dorts is a vernacular of Dordrecht, traditional for the working classes. Dipthongs ei and ui are expressed more like èèè and öö. Dorts began to gradually vanish in the twentieth centuries as more and more humans began to speak basic Netherlandish.
Today, the most powerful Dortsdialekt can be found in the working-class districts on the border to the center of the town. Dordrecht saw the formal appearance of the beloved tourist character Sinterklaas on 14 November 1992 and again on 12 November 2011, which was televised on Dordrecht. Dordrecht's present day business is built on shipbuilding, timber and iron and steelmaking.
It has the six biggest seaport in the Netherlands. DuPont de Nemours (Nederland) B.V. is one of the biggest employer on the island of Dordrecht with 9 plants and 900 employees. With Zwijndrecht, Papendrecht and Sliedrecht (the "Drecht Cities"), Dordrecht is proposing a new ambition to revitalise the regional economic system, shifting from industrial to corporate service.
In the center of Dordrecht, purchasing is concentrated on the Voorstraat, the Sarisgang and the Statenplein (Statenplatz). 24 ] Every Friday and Saturday the Statenplein and the Sarisgang and on Tuesday the Dubbeldam market take place. As of February 2010 the College van Burgemeester en Wethouders ("Board of Major and Aldermen") in Dordrecht comprised the following: Mr A. A. M. (Arno) Brok, Bürgermeister since 02.03.2010.
Results of the 2018 Dordrecht communal elections were as follows. It is well served by the Netherlands rail network and has several intercontinental links. Dordrecht train Station, Zuid train station and Stadspolders train stop. Common service within the Netherlands: A number of semi-fast lines and commuter lines start or run to Dordrecht.
Organs (in Dutch). Municipality of Dordrecht. Statline CBS (in Dutch). Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Statline CBS (in Dutch). Statline CBS (in Dutch). Gemeente Dordrecht - Gemeente Dordrecht. dordrecht.nl. "The Synod of There." Synod of Dordrecht - Church in Dordt". "and the Synod of There." Dordrecht National Awards Ceremony".
Home Gemeente Dordrecht. Home Gemeente Dordrecht. Home Gemeente Dordrecht. Dordrecht Christmas Market - The largest and most attractive Christmas market in the Netherlands". Stadsomroepster Dordrecht. Beautiful streets in Dordrecht - Shopping Dordrecht - Information about shopping in Dordrecht". Administrative information system "Municipality of Dordrecht - Corporation".
Dordrecht.nl. Partnersteden. dordrecht.nl. Commons Wikimedia has related Dordrecht related news items.