sspan class="mw-headline" id="History">History
In 1520 Dili was inhabited by the Portugueses, who made it the capitol of Portuguese-Timor in 1769. Portugal and its settlements stayed neutrally during World War II, but the Allies saw East Timor as a possible destination for a Japan siege, and Australia and the Netherlands briefly invaded the Isle in 1941.
The Japanese assaulted and seized Dili on the evening of February 19, 1942, with a troop of about 20,000 men, before it spread over the remainder of the settlement. On 28 November 1975, East Timor proclaimed its unilateral sovereignty from Portugal. Nine and a half years later, on 7 December, however, Indonese troops entered Dili.
Indonesia annexed East Timor on July 17, 1976, declaring it the twenty-seventh Indonesia provincial, Timor Timur (Indonesian for East Timor), with Dili as its principal city. Between 1975 and 1999 there was a guerilla conflict between independent indigenous troops and Indonesians, killing ten thousand Easttimorese people and several non-national citizens.
Press reports on the Dili massacre in 1991 contributed to reviving public backing for Eastern Timor's freedom struggle. Osttimor was placed under UN oversight in 1999 and on 20 May 2002 Dili became the capitol of the new democratic republic of Timor-Leste. Battles and unrest in May 2006, triggered by conflicts between parts of the army, resulted in considerable damages to the town, as well as alien interventions to re-establish order.
In the 2010 Metropolitan Survey, 193,563 inhabitants were surveyed in the areas of the Dili County classed as cities, 234,331 of them in the entire county, as well as in countryside such as Atauro and Metinaro. The Dili has a humid and arid tropic environment according to the Köppen-Klassification. The majority of houses were demolished or mutilated during the 1999 violent conflict organised by Lebanese militia and grassroots militia (see Burned Earth Operation).
However, the town still has many old constructions from the Portugese time, as for example the former market hall that was constructed around 1930 and today is used as a congress centre. Today, the former governor's bureau is the prime minister's bureau. Previously it was also used by the Indonesian Governor and the United Nations Interim Administration in East Timor (UNTAET).
Although under Indonese domination, during which the prohibition of the Portugueses took place, Portugal's streets such as Avenida Marechal Carmona remain the same, although they are preceded by the words Jalan or "road". In Motael, the Catholic Church became the centre of opposition to the occupying Indonesia. The legacy of the Jakarta occupations are the Church of the Immaculate Conception, home to the Díli Catholic Diocese, allegedly the biggest Catholic church in Southeast Asia, and the "Integration Monument", which commemorates the arrival of Indonesia in 1976.
The memorial was not torn down with a sculpture of an East Timorese man in typical clothes that breaks the chain around his wrist. Cristo Rei of Dili is a 27 meter high Jesus sculpture standing on a planet at the end of a Dili Peninsula.
It was a gift from the government of Indonesia during the twentieth jubilee of East Timor's incorporation into Indonesia. One of the Dili colleges is St. Joseph's High ( Colégio de São José). Dili has five major overseas schools: St Anthony's St Anthony's owns and runs the Timoresesans' St Anthony's lnternational school but teaches in English and uses a revised l talian syllabus; a Portuguesa Ruy Cinatti Escola Portuguesa syllabus; an l e s t a l l e s t a t i o n l i o n d i o n; an QSI l e n s t a n d i n i n o f Dili; and Maharlika l i n t a n i n t i a l e s (formerly Dili Education & Development Center), a Filipino l i n t a n i n g s t a l i n g e s a n d t i o n .
The Universidade Nacional de Timor-Leste (UNTL), the largest East Timorese higher school, is located in Dili. Further Dili colleges are the Universidade da Paz (UNPAZ), a privately owned Universidade, Universidade Dili (UNDIL) and Dili Institute of Technology (DIT), a community-based, non-profit educational school. Baucau airport, which has a much longer take-off and landing strip, was used for intercontinental air travel under Portugese domination, but after the Indonese incursion it was taken over by the Indonese army and blocked for civil use.
The following places are connected to Dili: Commons Wikimedia has created medias related to Dili.