Describe MyanmarInclude Myanmar
What would you describe Myanmar in one phrase or less?
"Aung Sang Syu Kii, Backward Nation, Military Rule, Burma has gone dark" This best describes the sorry state of Myanmar aka Burma. In the face of the military dictatorship since the 1962 military dictatorship, efforts for democracy reform have been made, but thanks to the junta's shadows little has been accomplished from there.
The 2010 election has brought a new beginning, but the NLD, made up of ex-junta members, still rules the people. The junta was disbanded in 2011. Burma is a land of enormous opportunity and the wish for freedom and instability.
A Burmese Orientation (Myanmar)
Burma, or Myanmar as it is known by the military junta, is a land where great and old Buddha Schools look calmly upon a nations troubled by upheaval. Myanmar has many miracles for the eyes - gentle, life-giving streams, luxuriant mountains and winding towns - but it can also disturb the souls.
In the last 30 years the population has been governed by a politically oppressive regime, the Tarmadaw. Traveling to Burma is therefore a rather annoying ethical issue, as most of the tourists' income goes into the state treasury. However, the idea that interacting with the Burmese population and Burmese civilization contributes to promoting transformation is against this cold fiscal reason.
South Burma is largely composed of the west side of the Bilauktaung Range, which forms the southern basis of the Malay Peninsula. North Burma, which makes up the major part of the land area, largely consist of the wide Irrawaddy meander. The Irrawaddy rises high up in the far east of the Himalayas and plunges through large ravines in the north of Burma before it spreads into one of the biggest delta rivers in Asia.
Surrounding the Irawaddy Vale is a large horse shoe with mountains rising to the Shan Plateau to the south. Most of Burma's population lives in the lowlands of this riverbank, the Irawaddy Plain. Though Burmese is the main and offical Burmese dialect, more than a hundred different languages are used throughout Burma.
Some time in the first few hundred years before Christ, a tribe named Mons from Mesoamerica wounded themselves on the banks of the Thanlwin and the Sittoung Creeks. Speaking a Mon Khmer language accent, they were the first to live in what is now Burma.
Mons named the country the Land of the Golden, practised Buddhism and acted with India's great Ashoka. Mons shouldn't be the only tribe in Burma for long. The Pyu came from Tibet a few hundred years later, followed by the Bamars who established themselves along the Irrawaddy Rivers, which they ruled from Pagan.
During the reign of King Anawrata, they captured the capitol of Thaton and brought 30,000 captives back to Pagan. Kublai Khan emerged on the skyline within a hundred years, at the forefront of the Mongolian army, which at that age was the most mighty force in the world. Khan's claim for honor was disregarded by Burma's King Narathihapate, and the Mongolian incursion began.
To the north, descendents of the Tai tribe, known as Shan, founded an Innwa empire. Soon, the Mons and the Shan went to battle, almost exactly at the moment when the Europeans were leaving for Asia. Nicoto di Conti, a Venetian, was the first Europeans to meet Burma.
In 1519 De Gama's compatriot Anthony Correa concluded the first trading deal in Burma with the Vice Prince of Martaban. Tabinshweti, rebuked the deal, which was made without his approval. The year 1600 saw a Portugese cabby kid called Philip de Brito y Nicote come to Burma and start one of the most famous stories in Burma's story.
The Brito took a position with the Rahkine emperor, who had captured Bago until then, and soon began building fortresses in the town. He took Burma as a marriage gift, proclaimed himself a King and began to destroy buddhistic churches. In spite of the overthrow of De Brito's own realm, the EU was there in Burma, especially that of the British.
Together with the Dutch and France, the British had a colony in Burma in the mid-17th centuries, although a Bamar kingship by the name of Alaungpaya drove out both the British and the Irish during the course of the centenary. Rahkine was captured by Alaungpaya and extended its frontier to the Bengali frontier until the British Raj in near India ruled that he was too near them.
In 1819 the Brits entered Burma and conquered Rahkine, Tanintharyi, Assam and Manipur. By 1852, they expanded their controls to lower Burma. When the turn of the 20th centuries saw the troubles caused by the Islamic movement for the UK government, the UK chose to give Burma a certain amount of self-sufficiency.
Symbolically, the act was not surprising, and in 1930 a Burmese called Saya San spearheaded a great pre-emptive re-bellion against the British. While the insurrection was crushed and San put to death, the UK's experiences inspired it to make Burma its own people. He was finally imprisoned for his testimony, but fled to China, where he worked with the Japanese.
But the Japanese promised him freedom if he would help them drive the Brits away. Meanwhile, in a mythical withdrawal, the Brits swore to come back and lose thousand of men. Ultimately, the allied forces were able to reconquer Burma, but only after four years of unbelievably laborious and fatal wars. When Aung San realised that the Japanese had their own imperialist interests in his own land, he finally took the side of the Allied.
In 1947 the Brits gave Burma autonomy, although they feared that soon thereafter there would be a start of wars. Nu's rejection of granting the same statute to the Shan and the Kayins led to another revolt in 1962, and this year General Ne Win took over without delay.
One Win, a farcical commie, had Nu arrest and isolate the countryside and at the same moment proclaimed the Tarmadaw or army regim. In 1971 his troops succeeded in holding some ground, but they were finally expelled. However, when the National League for Democracy (NLD) won 60 per cent of the vote, the Tathmadaw annulled the election because no consensus had been found on the roles of the new leader.
From then on, the army has repeatedly made gesture towards a pro-democracy regime, even though it has indeed not taken any genuine step in this regard.