Democracy in Myanmar HistoryMyanmar's history of democracy
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Myanmar's Nay Pii Dawa (New Capital)Nay Pii Dawa means "Royal Palace/City" but is also known as " The Royal Palace " The Myanmar administration capitol was relocated on 6 November 2005 to agreenfield, 2 mi. east of Pyinmana. The reigning Burmese army june in 1989 renamed the land of Burma Myanmar.
Myanmar has been officially named Myanmar by many global leaders, New Zealand included. Others, such as the United Kingdom and the United States, still call it Burma. Burma's democratic movements prefer Burma because they do not recognise the illegitimacy of the non-elected army regimes to name it.
In August 1988 he began to inform the Myanmar population about the political change and gained great backing. Secretary-General of the National League of Democracy Party, since 1988. Grounded from 1989-1995. continues to be an important part of Burma's democracy fight. From September 2000 to May 2002 she was placed under housebreaking, since May 2003 she has been under housebreaking again.
Burmese are trapped in one of the world's great struggle for democracy. Democracy was granted in 1948 after more than a hundred years of UK domination and lasted until a 1962 war. Burma has been suffering under a 46 year old dictatorial war.
In 1988, undergraduates, laborers and others throughout the country called for protests for liberty and democratization. The army reacted by shooting down tens of thousand of demonstrators at the scene of a carnage that was even more serious than the more famous Tiananmen Square carnage the following year. General Thein Swe admitted that the demonstration was on the brink of overthrow in 1988, and in 1990 Aung San Suu Kyi's National League for Democracy won 82% of the poll.
Until then, however, the army was completely uncontrolled again. - More than 1 million have been displaced from their houses. - At least 2092 policy detainees, many of whom are subjected to routine torture. - Rape as a weapons of combat against ethnical wives and kids. - Almost half of the state budgets are expended on the army and only 23 cent per year per capita for the state.
Freedom to take prisoner of conscience "The freeing of Burma's detainees is the most important thing for those who really want to make a difference in Burma. "Aung San Suu Kyi - 2002There are more than 2092 Burmese detainees. POWs are suffering from serious acts of mental and material abuse, famine and serious medical issues due to detention circumstances.
Economical and societal living All facets of human existence are ruled by the army. Myanmar is one of a kind because it is run by a militaristic élite and their family, so that trafficking and investments directly nourish the richness and might of the army and not that of the commoners. Faced with resistance from communities, the Burmese government has destroyed entire communities and compelled the population to move to areas where it can better exercise it.
In the areas where humans used to reside, land mines are mined. More than 1 million persons had to flee their houses because of this policy. Outdoor meetings of more than 5 persons are prohibited. Reigning JuntaRuling Generals and the military are charged with serious violations of fundamental freedoms, especially against minority nationalities.
Nearly 50% of the state finances are used for the army. It has been suggested that China supplies 90% of Burma's vast array of equipment. Burma is considered a strategically important source of fuel with the tenth biggest natural gas reserve in the hemisphere. Burma's ethnical minority A tranquil and dynamic Burma demands a harmonious relationship between the different ethnical groups in the country.
It was only after lengthy negotiation under the leadership of General Aung San, who persuaded the indigenous communities to join the new EU, that the Burmese U. The Burmese people became self-sufficient. Most Burmese ethnical groups live in areas along the country's mountain borders. Burma's main demand of the Burmese ethnical groups is to acquire genuine autonomy for their home territories and a significant role in the affairs of the people.
Ever since its 1988 coup, there have been armistice negotiations and violent attacks against others by the country's army junta with most of the country's ethnically opposed groups. The National Council of the Union of Burma (NCUB), the governing body of pro-democracy organizations, has set itself the goal of creating a federal government that would guarantee equal rights for all nationalities. After the National League for Democracy rejected the government in 1990, the pro-democracy organization formed the National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma (NCGUB).
Timeline1947 - Pre-Independence Female Aung San and six members of his interim government murdered by opposition politicians in 1948 - Burma becomes independent after more than 100 years of UK rule with U Nu as premier. Born in 1962 - Gen Ne Win leads the war. 1988- Students unrest forces Ne Win's retirement, but tens of millions are killed in mass demonstrations for democracies in towns and communities across Burma.
Aung San Suu Kyi, Aung San's subsidiary, is returning to Burma to head the recently formed National League for Democracy AungSan. In 1989 - The State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) declared martial law, arrested tens of thousand individuals, among them supporters of human and democratic values, renamed Burma Myanmar Yangon. Mr Aung San Suu Kyi is being placed under home detention.
The first multiparty election was allowed in 1990 - SLORCO and the NLD won the landslide victory, but the outcome was ignored by the war. 8 NLD members of parliament are fleeing to Thaiborder to form the National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma (NCGUB). 23. Aung San Suu Kyi, still under detention, is the recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize for her efforts to bring about peace.
Atlanta - 1997 - Burma wird in die Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) aufgenommenommen;SLORC wird in State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) umbenannt. The US bans Burmese import, freezing US property and refusing US visa to junta officials. February 2005 - Resumption of the Constitution without the participation of the major groups of the population. MIA declares 14 years of constitution building and concludes the NationalConventions.
Prodemocracy rallies throughout Burma under the leadership of Buddhists (the Saffron Revolution) are crimson. April 2008 - The federal administration has published a new bill that gives the army a fourth of parliamentary seat and prohibits AungSan Suu Kyi, the head of the riotat. Goverment demands 92% backing for the bill.