Dawei Sez MyanmarMyanmar Dawei Sez
Of Myanmar's three special economic zones, it was initially designed but is the least advanced. It was hindered by its incapacity to absorb sufficient investments and the heavy resistance of civic society. 2. Thailand and Myanmar signed a $133 million contract in June to construct a 132-kilometer two-lane highway between Dawei and the Thai frontier city of Phu Nam Ron in Kanchanaburi province.
Another promising signal from Myanmar's Department of Commerce last months was that it is trying to accelerate work on the SEZ. Uncertainties about the site remain high, but if it progresses, a number of ecological and societal hazards could arise. This includes the potentials for further colonisation, fishing losses, contamination of the environment, harm to biological diversity, pressure on current drinking waters and negative impacts on public safety.
The New York Times in November 2010 reports that the Dawei Thailand offshore Dawei was seen as a low-cost and comfortable way to do so. "There are some sectors that are not suited to settling in Thailand," the magazine quotes then-Premier Abhisit Vejjajiva in a TV adress.
"That' s why they chose to settle there," he said. Abhisit's commentary followed the Thailand's poor advertising of the Map Tha Phut Industrial Estate on the East Coast, as well as the increased risks of local cancers. Both the National League for Democracy and the Department of Environmental Protection of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment have made admirable promises that the Dawei initiative will be ecologically and socially responsibilit.
Dawei's Dawei branch has few personnel, lack of facilities and underfunding. They came after 3 ITD employees were squashed to their deaths while working on a Bangkok sky train expansion program funded by JICA. Maybe it would be better if the Dawei projekt wasn't constructed.
As there has been little construction work so far, the costs of canceling the contract are not high. Even though the government's failure to supervise the security arrangements is one of the reasons for discontinuing the operation, there are others. Dawei SEZ supporters have made three repeated pleas for the proposal.
In contrast to China, the consultant said, the country labour force in Myanmar and especially in Dawei is not large enough to take advantage of the SED. Myanmar's Thailand laborers were likely to come back to find work in Dawei, but that was far from certain, especially when salaries in the SEZ were lower than those available across the state.
He said the second point was feeble because of the remoteness of Dawei from Myanmar's centers of populations, especially Yangon. There is also the fact that the Dawei road network with the remainder of the land is bad. The SEZ would not be of great use to Myanmar from a cost-benefit point of view on the basis of these points of view, but above all to Thailand.
In addition, the construction of the SEZ would entail high opportunistic costs due to the tourist attractions of Dawei. Phuket is a good example in Thailand of a flourishing provincial industry where people have fought back against large-scale industry, focusing instead on the tourist and services sectors. Given the tourist potentials of Dawei, it might be prudent to take Phuket as an example.
In the Tanintharyi area, whose capitol is Dawei, there is also resistance to the SEZ. People believe that the area already has a powerful economic system - it is one of Myanmar's wealthiest areas - and is rich in biodiversity. "There is no value for the locals," said Sayadaw Pin Nyar Wuntha, the main friar in a town on the site of a hydroelectric power embankment for SEZ, Channel NewsAsia in May.
"The NLD advisor said, "Dawei is like a wombie, he keeps returning. Given the limited benefit the scheme would bring to the community, regional and national levels and the ecological and societal risk potentials, it may be the right moment to put this animal to bed for good.