Dakar

The Dakar

It is the capital and largest city of Senegal. Discover the holidays in Dakar and discover the best time and places to visit. In Dakar: Dakar, capital of Senegal and one of the most important seaports on the West African coast.

sspan class="mw-headline" id="History">History[edit]

Dakar area was inhabited in the fifteenth centuries.... On Gorée off the Cap-Vert coastline, the Portuguese built a strong foothold and used it as a basis for the Atlantic slavery business. Dakar became an important local harbour and an important town in the France imperial colonies after the slavery was abolished and France annexed the continent in the nineteenth centuary.

1902 Dakar superseded Saint-Louis as capitol of France West Africa. Dakar was the ephemeral Mali Federation from 1959 to 1960. It became the capitol of the Republic of Senegal in 1960. In Dakar there are several domestic and foreign financial institutions as well as a number of multinational organisations.

It was also the Dakar Rally's original destination from 1978 to 2007. Ndakaaru, a new Lebou settlement, was founded in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries directly opposite Gorée to supply the commercial plant in Europe with foodstuffs and potable drink. A few further changes of hand between the Portugueses and the Hollanders were to take place before it fell to the English under Admiral Robert Holmes on 23 January 1664 and to the French in 1677.

Although since then under ongoing management in France, Merti's descendants from merchants in the Netherlands and France and Africans' husbands dominate the slavery world. The Diop, a Moslem religious cleric from Koki in Cayor, founded a new theatre state under the direction of the Diop, which was later named "Lebou Republic" by the people of France.

Ndakaaru was founded as the capitol of the country. By 1857, the Romans had founded a Dakar army station in Ndakaaru and appropriated the Lebou Republics, although their institution was still functioning in nominal terms. In spite of the Napoleonic abolishment, an illegal slavery business in Gorée lasted until 1848, which was then eliminated in all areas of France.

As a substitute for the slave business, the people of France encouraged groundnut growing on the land. Gorée merchants moved to the continent and in 1840 a "factory" with storehouses was set up in Rufisque. Kolonial agencies have provided large amounts of government spending on Dakar developing infrastructures. Harbour installations were upgraded with piers, a line of telegraphs was set up along the coastline to Saint-Louis and the Dakar-Saint-Louis railroad was finished in 1885, making the town an important stronghold for the capture of West Sudan.

Gorée, and Dakar, was recognized as a community of France in 1872. In 1887 Dakar itself was separated from Gorée as an independent municipality. Mayors of the cities voted their own mayors and local councils and assisted in sending an electoral delegate to the National Assembly in Paris. In 1902, Dakar superseded Saint-Louis as the capitol of West Africa.

The Dakar-Niger, a second large railway constructed between 1906 and 1923, connected Dakar with Bamako and strengthened the city's leading role in the French Western Africa imperium. 1929 the municipality of Gorée Island, which today has only a few hundred residents, was brought together with Dakar. Urbanisation during Kolonial times was characterised by racist and societal desegregation - often in the form of healthcare and sanitation - which still characterises the town.

The Lebou residents of the town were the first to successfully defend themselves against this dispossession. Nevertheless, the plateau subsequently became an administration, trade and housing area more and more reserved to the Europeans and an example for similar exclusive administration enslaves in the other French cities (Bamako, Conakry, Abidjan, Brazzaville).

Meanwhile, the Layene Sufi Order founded by Seydina Mouhammadou Limamou Laye flourished among the Lebou in Yoff and in a new hamlet named Cambérène. Urbanisation has expanded eastwards since gaining sovereignty, past Pikine, a suburban commute whose inhabitants (about 1,200,000 in 2001) are larger than those of Dakar itself, to Rufisque, resulting in a metropolitan area of almost 3 million (over a fourth of the country's population).

Dakar was one of the most important towns of the Empire during its period of prosperity, similar to Hanoi or Beirut. France's commercial enterprises set up branches there and industry investment (mills, beerhouses, sugar factories, sugar refineries) was drawn to their ports and railways. During November 1944 Westafrican draftees of the former military were fought against bad weather in Thiaroye encampment on the edge of Thiaroye.

From 1959 to 1960, Dakar was the capitol of the short-lived Mali Federation, after which it became the capitol of Senegal. Léopold Sédar Senghor, Senegal's first president and writer, tried to turn Dakar into "sub-Saharan African Athens" (l'Athènes de l'Afrique sub-saharienne),[11] as his dream was.

The Dakar is a significant finance centre, home to a large number of domestic and foreign banking institutions (including the Federal Bank of Central and Eastern Europe (BCEAO), which administers the single CFA franc in Western Africa), as well as a number of multinational organisations, NGOs and research centres. The Dakar has a large 1920' Lebanese fellowship (focused on the import-export sector), a fellowship of Morrocan businessmen and members of Mauretan, Cape Verde and Guiana fellowships.

It is home to up to 20,000 people. There is still an aircraft station in Yoff in France and the Dakar harbour serves the needs of the France navy. From 1978 to 2007 Dakar was often the end point of the Dakar Rally. Dakarois has a generally hot weather.

The Dakar has a warm semi-dry weather (Köppen class: BSh), with a brief rain and a long drought. The Dakar rain period runs from July to October, while the other eight are during the drought time. Downtown sees about 495 mm (19. 5 in) rainfall per year.

The Dakar between December and May is usually comfortably warmer with daily temperature around 24-27 °C (75-81 °F). Between May and November, however, the town becomes significantly warmer with day highs of 29-31 C (84-88 F) and depths at nights slightly above 23-24 C (73-75 F). Despite this hottest time of the year, the Dakar climate is by far not as cool as in interior Africa towns such as Niamey and N'Djamena, where most of the year the temperature is above 36°C (97°F).

The Dakar is chilled by a breeze all year round. Dakar is a municipality (sometimes also known asommune de ville), one of the 125 municipalities in Senegal. Dakar Municipality was founded on 17 June 1887 by the Spanish Kolonial government through its separation from Gorée.

Founded in 1872, the municipality of Gorée was itself one of the oldest communities in Africa's West African culture (along with the communities of Algeria and South Africa). Dakar Municipality has existed continuously since 1887 and will be maintained by the new state of Senegal after gaining sovereignty in 1960, although borders have changed greatly over the years.

Dakar municipality boundaries have remained the same since 1983.

Dakar Municipality is also a division, one of the 45 divisions of Senegal. Similar to Paris, which is both a municipality and a département. Unlike the départements in France, however, the départements in Senegal have no party authority (no département assembly) and are merely regional government administration bodies responsible for the provision of certain management functions and for monitoring the activity of the municipalities within the département.

Dakar is subdivided into four arrondissements: Almadies, Grand Dakar, Parcelles Assainies (which means dewatered batches; this is the most populated district of Dakar) and Plateau/Gorée (downtown Dakar). There is a clear difference between these districts and the Paris districts, since they are only territorial administrations of the State, such as the départements of Senegal, and are therefore more similar to the arrangements in France.

The Senegalese parliament passed a resolution in 1996 to massively restructure the Senegalese administration and politics. Dakar, whose one million residents were approaching, was considered too large and too populous to be administered duly by a single community, and on 30 August 1996 Dakar was split into 19 municipalities d'arrondissement.

The municipalities of the district were given considerable authority and are very similar to normal municipalities. Dakar Municipality was run by these 19 municipalities d'arrondissement, and it co-ordinates the activity of the municipalities d'arrondissement, just as Greater London co-ordinates the activity of the London wards. Each of the 19 municipalities of D'arrondissement belongs to one of the four districts of Dakar, and the sous-préfet of each district is responsible for monitoring the activity of the municipalities of D'arrondissement in its own district.

Dakar Plateau municipality (34,626 inhabitants) in the Plateau/Gorée district is the historic centre of the town, where most government departments and administration offices are based. Médina ( 136,697 inhabitants) is the most densely populated municipality in the district of Plateau/Gorée, with the highest population density. Yoff (55,995 inhabitants) is the biggest municipality in the Almadies district, while Île de Gorée (1,034 inhabitants) is the smallest in the Plateau/Gorée district.

The Dakar is one of the 14 regions of Senegal. Dakar Region includes the capital of Dakar and all its outskirts along the Cape Verde peninsula. Thus its sovereignty is about the same as that of Greater Dakar. The Senegalese regions, which until then had only been municipal administration bodies of the federal state, have become fully-fledged policy entities with democratic elections to provincial assemblies and governors since the 1996 administration reform.

Other noteworthy sites are the Layen Mausoleum, which buries the Layene Sufi titariqa founding father, the Palais Présidentiel, the headquarters of the 1907 government,[20] Place de l'Indépendance, the Dakar main plaza, Dakar Cathedral and Cheikh Anta Diop University, also known as the University of Dakar, founded in 1957.

AS Douanes is headquartered in Sicap-Liberté and currently plays in Senegal's Premier League, having previously won the 2014-15 Ligue 1 (Senegal) game. This is also the end point of the non-functioning Dakar-Niger railway line. Gueye Idrissa, football player, Everton F.C. Marcel Lefebvre, founder of SSPX, Apostolic Plenipotentiary of Pope Pius XII and Archbishop of Dakar.

Skip to top ^ UN data. Skip up ^ "Dakar - Dakar Definition". "Dakar." Skip up ^ Agence Nationale de la Statistique et de la Démographie, Government of Senegal. "Economic and social conditions in Senegal", 2005 edition, page 163 (PDF) (in French). Skip to the top ^ A. The Teixeira da Mota (1946) "A Descoberta da Guiné", Boletim Culture da Guiné Portuguesa, Volume 1.

Skip up to: a c A. Parteira da Mota (1968) "Ilha de Santiago e Angra de Bezeguiche, escorts da cartreira da India", Dotemppo e da historicia, Lisbon, v. 3, p. 141-49. Skip high ^ Vespucci's cover from Bezeguiche is reprinted in F.A. de Varnhagen (1865) Amerigo Vespucci, pp. 78-82. Skip to ^ "Welcome address by Mr Jean-Claude JUNCKER as a foreign associate member of the Academy of Moral and Political Sciences" (PDF) (in French).

Skip up ^ "Climate average for Dakar" (in Russian). Hop up "Africa, Senegal, Dakar." Hop up ^ Les Mamelles - Dakar's breasts. Returned on May 4, 2018. Hop up ^ Médina. Returned on May 4, 2018. Hop up ^ Grande Mosquée. Returned on May 4, 2018. Leap to the planets, lonely. "Senegal Attractions."

Hop up ^ Dakar art scene. Returned on May 4, 2018. Skip up to: a the culture capital of west africa. Returned on May 4, 2018. Leap up ^ Palais Présidentiel. Returned on May 4, 2018. Hop up to: a c Religious beliefs in Senegal. Returned on May 4, 2018. Dakar: City of Islamic culture for the African region for the year 2007.

Returned on May 4, 2018. Go to ^ ISESCO and OIC to conduct a Dakar based local workshops to explore the delivery mechanism of the OIC media strategy to combat Islamophobia and to publish Islam's medium attitude in Africa. Returned on May 4, 2018. Skip up ^ "Dakar Declaration" (PDF). Skip up ^ Layen Mausoleum.

Returned on May 4, 2018. Leap high ^ The magics and solidarities to celebrate Christmas in a 95% Muslim land. Returned on May 4, 2018. Skip up ^ "Senegal - language, culture, customs and etiquette". www.commisceo-global.com. Get up "Hip-Hop in Senegal". Leap up ^ "Motorcyclists run away while the Dakar Rally is leaving Buenos Aires".

Skip ar (2009) A Development of Urban Planning in TwoWest African Colonial Capitals, Springen Sie auf ^ L. Bigon : Living separation in British Lagos and French Dakar, 1850-1930 Lewiston: Skip up ^ "Twin towns of Azerbaijan". Hop up to Twin City. Skip up ^ "Town Twinning Agreements". Skip up ^ "DC Sister City Agreement" (PDF).

Vikivoyage has a Dakar guidebook.

Auch interessant

Mehr zum Thema