class="mw-headline" id="Spelling_and_et_etymology">Schreibweise und Etymologie
Cuzco ( Spanish: Cuzco, [?kusko]; Quechua: Qusqu, Qosqo, IPA:[?q?sq?]), often also called Cuzco (), is a town in the southeast of Peru, near the Urubamba valley of the Andes. Cusco is the regional and provincial capitol of Cusco. By 2013 the town had 435,114 inhabitants.
Situated at the east end of the knot of Cuzco, its altitude is about 3,400 metres (11,200 feet). It was the historical capitol of the Inca Empire from the thirteenth to the sixteenth centuries. 1983 Cusco was proclaimed a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Peru's constitution makes it the historical Peruvian city.
2 ] In 1983 Cusco was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO with the designation "City of Cuzco". Spain's conquerors adopted the native name and transcribed it in phonetic terms as Cuzco or, more rarely, Cozco. While Cuzco was the default spelled word on offical records and records during Cuzco' s time, Cusco was also used.
The Cuzco, spoken as in sixteenth centuries Spain, seems to have been a narrow approach to the Cusco Quechua name. Since both the Japanese and Quichuan pronunciations have developed since then, the English version of "z" is no longer near the Quichuan version of the cosonant, which in "Cuzco" is symbolized by "z".
1976 the Municipal Governor signs a decree prohibiting the use of a new one, Cusco, in the municipality's publication. The Oxford Dictionary of English, however, recognises "Cuzco" but not "Cusco"; the Merriam-Webster Dictionary has "Cuzco", with "Cusco" only as "variant"; and in scientific writing "Cuzco" is used more often than "Cusco".
13 ] The town' s social security system is still called CUZ, which reflects the former Spaniards' way of writing. is an Incan ceremony stronghold situated two kilometres northerly of Cusco and is the greatest Incan architectonic achievement at its height. For a long time Cusco was an important centre of the native population. This was the Inca Empire capitol (13th century - 1532).
A lot of people believe that the town was designed in the form of a cougar, a holy beast. How Cusco was specially constructed or how its large bricks were dismantled and shipped to the construction site remains uncertain. Among the Incas, the town had two sectors: urine and hehanan.
Every guide was obliged to construct a home in the town and to spend part of the year living in Cusco, limited to the area corresponding to the area where he owned the area. When Pachacuti ruled, when an Inca passed away, his ownership passed to a boy and his estate was transferred to a body under the control of his other relations (split inheritance).
The Incan legends say that the ancient kingdom was reconstructed by Sapa Inca Pachacuti, the man who turned the kingdom of Cuzco from a dozy city-state into the huge kingdom of Tawantinsuyu. However, archeological records suggest a slow, more organically grown town that began before Pachacuti. It was built according to a concrete map in which two streams passed through the town.
Archeologists have proposed that this map be Republican in other places. During the Inca War, after the Huayna Capac's deaths in 1527, the Huáscar Empire took over the town. Fifteen month later, Spaniards penetrated the town ( see battles of Cuzco) and took over because of their poor and horse equipped with advanced army technologies.
The town of Cusco and its ramparts in 1565. So Pizarro changed the name to "Very classy and big town Cuzco". Built after the time of the Spaniards who invaded, they have a blend of Hispanic influences and Incan architectural styles, which includes the Santa Clara and San Blas districts. Spaniards demolished many Inca houses, churches and castles.
You used the rest of the wall to build a new town. It was reconquered by the Spanish during the siege of Cuzco in 1536 by Manco Inca Yupanqui, a guide of the Sapa Inca. The Manco armed force was only able to recapture the town for a few short years.
Finally he withdrew to Vilcabamba, the capitol of the small Neo-Inka state, which took another 36 years but never returned to Cuzco. Many Incas lost their lives to pox during the conflicts and years of the colonisation of America. There are different levels of culture in the city, with the Tawantinsuyu (ancient Inca Empire) building on Killke constructions and the Spaniards substituting native Temples with Roman Catholics and villas with villas for the intruders.
It was the centre of the colonisation and spreading of Christianity in the Andes. Spain's settlers built many monasteries and cathedrals, a college and an archbishopric. In 1821, after Peru proclaimed its sovereignty, Cusco retained its importance within Peru's administration. Following liberation, the Department of Cuzco was established by the Cabinet, which retained control over the entire country up to the point of the Brazil frontier.
It became the departmental capitol and later the most important town in the southeastern Andes. Hiram Bingham, the discoverer, used the town as a starting point for his 1911 exploration of the Machu Picchu area. Cusco is currently Peru's most important travel destination. Your holiday home is Cusco.
Led by Daniel Estrada Pérez, the town' s major and a committed follower of the Academia Major de la Lengua Quechua, between 1983 and 1995 the Quechua name Qosqo was formally introduced for the town. The American Congress convened in La Plata, Argentina, in 1933 and proclaimed the capital of America.
1978 the Seventh Convention of the Mayors of the Major World Cities convened in Milan, Italy, and proclaimed Cusco a World Heritage Site. 1983 UNESCO in Paris, France, proclaimed the town a World Heritage Site. Peru's authorities proclaimed it the tourist capital of Peru and the nation's cultural heritage.
The Cusco has a semi-tropical mountain region (Köppen Cwb). It is a drought that runs from May to August, with plenty of summer weather and occasionally freezing at night; July is the coldest of the months with an annual mean of 9.7°C (49.5°F). July is the height of solar radiation; in the north it is January.
Killke's local civilization constructed the Sacsayhuamán building surrounded by walls around 1100. Killke constructed a large sanctuary near the town of Zaksaywaman, an acqueduct (Pukyus) and a road linking ancient monuments. sacsaywaman was extended by the Inka. In 1535 the Spaniard Pizarro plundered a large part of the town. Incan building and foundation in some cases turned out to be more powerful than the foundation constructed in today's Peru.
One of the most remarkable examples of Spain's urban architecture is the Cathedral of Santo Domingo, Cusco. Pachacuti's supposed ski resort, Machu Picchu, can be accessed on the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu or by rail; and the "fortress" at Ollantaytambo.
Incahuasi, the highest of all Inca cities with 3,980 meters (13,060 ft);Vilcabamba, the Incas capitol after the conquest of Cusco; the sculptural gardens of Ñusta Hisp'ana (alias Chuqip'allta, Yuraq Rumi); Tipón with working canals on large patios; as well as Willkaraqay, Patallaqta, Chuqik'iraw, Moray, Vitos and many others.
Cusco' s Estadio Garcilaso de la Vega was one of seven venues used in Peru in 2004 to host the South American Copa América, the European Football Cup. Alejandro Velasco Astete International Airport serves the town. Due to its ancient origins and importance, the town centre is home to many palaces, squares, roads and cathedrals from the early eighteenth century, as well as some pre-Columbian monuments that were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 1983.
One of the most important attractions of the town is the cafeteria: the restaurant: It' one of the most scenic places in town. The roads are precipitous and small with old buildings constructed by the Spaniards over important Inca ruins. There is an appealing place and the oldest rectory in Cusco, constructed in 1563, with a engraved wood pulpits, regarded as the embodiment of Cusco' s early log work.
In Hatun Rumiyoq road ("the one with the big stone") was the Inca Roca building, transformed into the Archbishop's seat. Cusco' s first temple is the Iglesia del Triunfo, erected in 1539 on the foundation of the Viracocha Inca Palazzo. Today this temple is an aid band of the Dome.
Constructed between 1560 and 1664, the city's principal temple. One of the most prominent example of gold mining, this large church presents interior spaces from the Gothic, Baroque and Platteresque periods. In the town there is a unique art form known as the "Cuzco School" and the church is home to a large selection of works by contemporary artisans.
Known for an image of the Last Supper in the Cusco school, the Catholic Church represents Jesus and the twelve disciples and eats cavies, a typical dish from the Andes. It is the headquarters of the Archdiocese of Cuzco. This square, known during the Incan period as the "Warrior's Square", was the setting for several important occasions, such as Francisco Pizarro's Annunciation at the time of the capture of Cuzco.
Spaniards constructed a series of rock arches around the square, which still exist today. La Compañía opens directly onto the square, as do the central one. In 1576 the Jesuits founded this building on the foundation of the Amarucancha or the Incarnate Wayna Qhapaq Palm House. It is one of the best example of the Colombian Manuel II in America.
Constructed over an subterranean hermitage, it houses a precious collections of Cusco School' collegiate painting. During its plundering, the Spaniards decided to free the town from its riches, its worshippers and its crypts. On this basis the settlers erected the monastery of Santo Domingo (St. Dominic) in Renaissance sty.
It has a magnificent façade with a magnificent bell-tower, which surpasses the heights of many other palaces in the town. The interior contains a large selection of works from the Cuzco School. According to INEI, the number of inhabitants of the town was 434,114 in 2013 and 434,654 in 2015. Mercedaric brothers in the Corpus Christi parade on the main square of Cusco.
"Cuzco was the name of a track on E.S. Posthumus' 2001 Unearthed record. Every track on the record was called after an old town. Anthony Horowitz's novel Evil Star is set partially in Cusco. The BBC DJ John Peel John 1 BBC Radios passed away in 2004 during a working vacation in Cusco.
Upward leap ^ Peru: Estimated population as of June 30 and growth rate of capitals, by division, 2011 and 2015. Returned 2015-06-03. Go up ^ "Constitución del Per? de 1993". Returned on July 22, 2009. Leap up ^ Cerrón-Palomino, Rodolfo (2007). "Carrión Ordóñez, Enrique (1990).
"I' m Cuzco, con Z." Cusco - Cusco - Cusco and around Guide. roughguides.com. Hop up "The World Factbook". cia.gov. Climb on ^ "City of Cuzco - UNESCO World Heritage Centre". Returned on July 22, 2009. Skip up ^ "Cuzco travel information and guide - Peru". Returned on July 22, 2009.
Skip to top ^ Oxford Dictionary of English, 2nd ed, revised, 2009, Oxford University Press, eBook issue, accessed 30 August 2017. Skip up ^ Merriam-Webster Online|, viewed on August 30, 2017. Skip up ^ JSTOR (cuzco) AND la:(eng OR en) has 5,671 items vs. only 1,124 items for (cusco) AND la:(eng OR en); JSTOR accesses on August 30, 2017.
Hop up "News". Returned on July 22, 2009. Cusco. cusco.net. Returned on July 25, 2009. Spring high ^ "Koricancha Temple and Santo Domingo Monastery - Cusco, Peru". Returned on September 15, 2011. The Cusco, Peru, Tremblement de terre du 21 mai 1950".
Returned on September 15, 2011. Skip to top ^ "Opera House snaubbed as new wonder unveiled". abc.net.au. July 8, 2007. Skip up ^ "Map Of The Andes". zoom-maps.com. Leap up ^ Liley, J. Ben and McKenzie, Richard L. (April 2006) "Where on Earth is the highest amount of ultraviolet rays? "Ultraviolet rays and their effects: an updated NIWA Science, Hamilton, NZ; leap up "Cusco Climate Normals 1961-1990".
Returned on July 4, 2017. Skip up ^ "Station Alejandro Velasco" (in French). Returned on July 4, 2017. Skip up ^ "Climateboard of Cuzco, Prov. Cuzco / Peru" (PDF). Returned on July 4, 2017. Hop up Cappelen, John; Jensen, Jensen, Jensen. "Perú - Cuzco" (PDF). Returned on December 18, 2012. Skip up ^ "Photo card of places in Upper Puncuyoc - Inca Wasi, group of caves, reflective lake and deserted pegs". bylandwaterandair.com.
Returned on May 20, 2016. Hop up "The Inca City of Cusco. Fascinating view of the most important city of the Inkabund". totallylatinamerica.com. July 5, 2013. Archives from the originals on 10 July 2013. Returned on July 9, 2013. Skip up ^ "Political Department, Population, Language, Religion, Orography - Cusco - Peru - Cuzco".
Brought back 2015-06-20. Hop up, "Cusco Culture - ISA". Brought back 2015-06-20. Skip up Censo 2005 INEI Archives April 23, 2008 at the Wayback Machine. Skip up to ^ "Cusco, Peru prohibits GM products to preserve the diversity of indigenous potatoes". scidev.net. Returned on February 21, 2012. Hop up Restaurants. Archive.org. Skip up to " Ciudades Hermanas (Sister Cities)" (in Spanish).
Communalidad del Cusco. Brought back on September 23, 2009. Hop up ":::Bethlehem Commune:::". bethlehem-city.org. Archives from the orginal on 24 July 2010. Brought back on October 10, 2009. High jumping^ "Kraków - twin towns [Kraków - twin towns]. Archives from the originals on 2 July 2013. Returned on August 10, 2013. Commons Wikimedia has related news related to Cusco.