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Evaluation of US policy towards Burma: Geo-political, economic and humanitarian considerations
The many years of conflict between Rohingya people and other minorities have been compounded by the long years of conflict, resulting in mass expulsion within and across the borders, a human rights crises in neighbouring Bangladesh and the threat of undermining Burma's significant achievements in recent years in the shift from half a century and a half of dictatorial dictatorship to an electorate, as well as attempts to end several hostilities and a long and elusive nationwide peaceful settlement.
It is an occasion for us to inform you about the current human rights situations of those affected by the crises, to describe what the US Administration is doing to tackle this problem through diplomacy and the targeted provision of life-saving support, to consider the challenge faced by the global fellowship in providing relief and to consider the next moves to end domestic security and stop the violent clash.
First: According to current estimations, about 589,000 persons, mostly Rohingya ethnics, have escaped to Bangladesh since the beginning of the war. This movement reflects a slowdown in expulsion, but still the continuing exodus of endangered groups. All of us have seen the fugitives who arrived in Bangladesh lose all their belongings and in some cases also their families and suffer great uncertainty, anxiety, humiliation and mistreatment as they escaped for their deaths.
to repatriate those who have moved to Bangladesh and are actually delivering effective relief aid; (2) resettle the internally displaced population; and (3) promote sustainable prosperity and peacefulness. Myanmar has established a financial arm to achieve these objectives with the help of the World Bank. Bangladesh and Burma have also begun a series of bi-lateral talks on how to make it easier for people returning to Burma safely and voluntarily, a process that we fully uphold.
Today's ongoing two month long economic downturn has increased the long-standing challenge for these vulnerable minority groups, in particular the members of the Rohingya communities, who are lacking fundamental freedoms, as well as recognising them as nationalities and, for many, even as citizens. In 2016, approximately 87,000 Rohingya escaped there after special force last year, and an estimate of 200,000 to 500,000 Rohingya and over 33,000 Rohingya who have been recorded in south-eastern Bangladesh for over two centuries.
This last expulsion round estimates the Rohingya people in the southeast of Bangladesh at 800,000 to one million people. Before the August bombings, 120,000 internally displaced people from various racial groups, such as Rohingya and Rakhine, were already camped after the intercommunal clashes in 2012.
The most important goals are the safeguarding of all communities and the provision of useful, lasting relief for those who have been driven out, with the possibility of going home freely, safely and with integrity, if circumstances allow. We have voiced our concern at the ongoing reporting of violent acts by police and civil guerrillas outside the constitutional state who are carrying out incendiary bombings on houses in Rohingya and obstructing the provision of human aid to many people.
It is unacceptable that fragile individuals have escaped to Bangladesh because they thought it was insecure to remain in Burma. If Burma's military personnel do not provide a safe haven for all sections of the population, it would be irrational and imprudent to await or ease their returns. cWe are fostering stronger communications between Burma and Bangladesh.
On 2 October, a high-level Burma mission travelled to Dhaka and both sides reached an agreement to establish a common working group on return. Those responsible in our administration have been very committed to this question. Vice-President Pence condemned the Burma military's excessive reaction in his statements to the United Nations.
Ambassador Haley of the USUN addressed an open session of the Security Council and demanded an end to the war. McMaster, the national security advisor, and other officers talked to Burma's national security advisor. The ambassador to Burma played an active part in involving Burma's leading rulers and army chiefs during this period of conflict.
There are many and varied human rights issues ahead of us. It'?s a humane approach: Aid agencies' accessibility to many of the affected areas is still tight. Furthermore, security worries, a harassment and movement constraints in Burma's community are preventing many of Burma's grassroots workers from gaining them. cWe are seizing every available chance to underline the need for Burma's civil servants at all administrative levels to provide human aid to those in need.
Specifically, the ICRC and the ICRC are working with the Myanmar Red Cross Society to develop a reaction agenda for the further development of the conflict. The ICRC has emphasized to the Myanmar authorities that the RCM will not be able to meet all needs and that UN organisations and multinational non-governmental organisations will also need operating area.
Unrestricted humanitarian aid for the UN fact-finding missions and other UN officers, press and humanitarian organisations to this isolation. Acknowledging the enormous burden currently being placed on Bangladesh by the flow of migrants, as well as the worries of other counties in the area such as India, Sri Lanka and Thailand, where Rohingya and other Myanmar minority groups have escaped in the past.
It' s important that neighbouring states keep their boundaries open to those who flee Burma's violent situation, and we will keep stressing this to the Burmese populations and looking for ways to help host government. And Bangladesh has kept its frontiers open, although it is worried about its ability to take in so many fugitives, in spite of the safety worries associated with the arrival of so many endangered persons in such a time.
The Bangladeshi government's generous attitude towards those who flee the violent, many of whom have come after long walks and need nutrition, fresh air and shelter. Intergovernmental relief organizations are working to expand the operation and offer newcomers fundamental life-saving help.
Most of the needy have little contact with nutrition, running-cash, healthcare and adequate shelters. UN published a reworked call for an estimate of $434 million needed to cover Bangladesh's needs by February 2018. Bangladesh's government is working with the UN organizations and the global fellowship to offer transitional shelters.
Now Bangladesh has given 3,000 hectares of property and is working with UN organisations to build the necessary infrastructures to help the migrants. In addition, the authorities have launched a registry procedure to record the Rohingya people in southeast Bangladesh and to make identity papers available to individual persons to make it easier to obtain the necessary information and shelter.
The Ministry of the Interior, with the help of the UNHCR, has biometrically recorded over 100,000 people since 11 September. At every encounter with Bangladeshi civil servants we thank them for giving them the opportunity to allow returnees to travel across the country and we consider ways to assist Bangladesh as the administration maintains its own human rights standards while at the same time addressing its own safety concern.
Bangladesh is also called upon to give the necessary means of accessing it so that it can offer life-saving help. HUMANITARY AID: The financing will help to save lives to address crucial human needs such as nutrition, non-food articles, shelters, housing, cleanliness, sanitary facilities and healthcare within Burma and in the hosting country through trustworthy human rights organisations such as the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the United Nations Organization for Migration (IOM), the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and NGOs, among others.
They are a core element of the global human rights system, which is guided by human rights considerations and has the necessary technological know-how and operating capacities to react quickly and efficiently to such major emergencies. Humanitary coordination: The ability of the area to tackle the human rights problem depends not only on the level of resources but also on the capability of UN-led human resources, which includes the sending of contingency and staff.
At the UN Co-ordination Units in Bangladesh, we are continuing our efforts to reinforce the local specialist engineering personnel and to reinforce the co-ordination support framework to support the realisation of the reaction plans. The UNHCR has the overall protective mandates in such a crises; in the Cox's Bazar, however, the UNHCR's function has so far been restricted by the state.
Recently, the authorities intensified their co-operation with the UNHCR and confirmed its part in the management of the security forces. It will help to enhance the situation in Cox's Bazar, inter alia through more information on the number and needs of displaced persons and co-ordination in response to the most vulnerable. 2. State restrictions on financing senior non-governmental organisations and delay in the approval of their approval requests have restricted the INGOs' capacity to provide assistance and support to all those in need.
Our charitable partner organizations are committed to the careful treatment and treatment of people suffering from chronic illness. In Bangladesh, we will continue to exert strong pressures to guarantee smooth co-ordination and provide a clear policy blueprint for the reaction. On 13 October, Kofi Annan called on the UN Security Council to press for the Rohingya people' s repatriation to Burma and reaffirmed that the global forces must work with the country' s armed and civil chiefs to end the Afghan war.
Burma's authorities have pledged to implement the recommendation and have put in place the necessary mechanism. These must be supported and promoted and, in particular, we must urge the military in Burma to assist its civil electoral authorities in the implementation of all our proposals. Together with our local counterparts, members of the global fellowship in the United Nations and bold votes within Burma who want to see people' s lives for all who live in Burma and a secure and prosperous destiny.
Congress and the US administration have been working together in Burma as a partner for many years. Together we support the Burmese democratic movements through the shadowy era of oppressive army governance, and together we support the transformation of a country's army reforms regime into it. We have an interest and an interest in the success of the new chosen administration for the various communities in Burma, as well as for Rohingya.
There is a need for greater civil oversight and professionalisation of the army, as well as reform that puts an end to the clumsy tactic of the army that has fuelled conflict throughout Burma since the war. DEMOCRATED governments, safety services, heads of communities and the population throughout the whole countryside must reassure tension, end the violent acts and ensure the sure, optional and worthy returns of all IDPs.
The US administration's human aid is an important artery until this opportunity becomes a real one. The United States is extremely thankful for the generous support of Congress and the Americans.