Country and NationalityState and nationality
UK people by country of origin and nationality
Non-united peoples (native non-UK citizens and non-British nationals) grew further in 2017; since the beginning of coverage in 2004, non-UK UK residents have grown over the previous year as more and more non-UK residents come to the UK to reside there than to move abroad for a year or more. Britain's non-British populace rose from 9.2 million in 2016 to 9.
By 2017, the UK had grown by 3% to 4 million and the non-British populace by 4% from 6.0 million to 6.2 million. Most of the growth in the non-UK demographic in recent years is due to the EU demographic, in particular the EU14 and EU2, with the highest growth in the number of people who have been born in Romania or are Romanians.
There were 3 in 2017. Six million UK residents who have been aboriginal births and citizenship - those who have been borne outside the EU are more likely to have UK citizenship than those who have been borne in the EU. The country of origin is the country in which a human being was conceived and cannot be changed.
The nationality relates to the nationality indicated by the interviewee in the survey and may vary. Estimations of the UK people by country of origin and nationality are derived from Annual Population Survey (APS) figures. It is recommended to view this report together with the public health statistics by country of origin and nationality from January 2017 to December 2017 and the basic records.
For detailed information on the definition, dates and methodologies, see the Population by Country of Nativity and Nationality, Quality and Methodology Information and International Migration - Concepts, Dates and FAQ. The number of non-UK citizens (both native and non-British) increased further during the year to 2017 as more and more individuals come to the UK to stay there than to move abroad for one or more years (Figures 1 and 2).
The graph does not show these three markets individually. It was an increment in the UK's non UK borne populations, rising from 9. 2 million to 9. between 2016 and 2017 (an increment of 3%) (Figure 1). The main reason for this rise was an expansion of the EU birth rate (from 3.5 million to 3.7 million), especially in the EU14 (from 1.6 million to 1.7 million) and the EU2 (395,000 to 474,000).
This is the same trend observed for the non-British nationals of the United Kingdom. The graph does not show these three markets individually. By 2017, about one in seven inhabitants of the United Kingdom was foreign-borne (9.4 million) - a figure that is growing year by year, and the vast majority of these ('61%) were from outside the EU (5.7 million) (Table 1).
By 2017 about one in ten UK citizens (6.2 million) had non-British citizenship - a steady increase over the previous year, with the 61% of the UK citizens having EU citizenship (3.8 million). Those three are not listed seperately in the chart. Poland was the most frequent non-British country of origin in 2017 and Poland was the most frequent non-British nationality in the United Kingdom - an estimate of 1 million Poles living in the United Kingdom in 2017 (Table 2).
By 2017, Polish-born population represented 10% of all non-UK citizens in the United Kingdom, while non-UK citizens in Poland represented 16% of all non-UK citizens residing in the United Kingdom. Between 2016 and 2017, the biggest increases for an isolated country were for those who are Romanians and those who are Romanians.
Romania's birth rate rose by 80,000 to 390,000 and the number of Romanians rose by 83,000 to 411,000. Today, Romanians are the second most popular nationality after Poles. Which nationality are the non-British inhabitants? There were 3 in 2017. There were 6 million UK residing persons who were born and brough the UK citizenship (39% of the non UK birth rate - this has decreased each year) (Table 3).
Most of the people who were originally from the UK also have UK citizenship (55.3 million). Inhabitants who have been borne outside the EU are more likely to have UK citizenship (3.1 million) than those who have been borne in the EU (543,000). The likelihood of EU citizens declaring UK citizenship has diminished since 2004, when the Annual population survey (GSP) began - 33% were UK in 2004 as against 15% in 2017.
Some of this is likely to be due to changes in immigration regulations and to EU8 and EU2 nationals who no longer need UK citizenship to stay in the UK. A similar percentage of non-EU nationals registered UK citizenship in 2017 (54% British) in comparison to 2004 (51% British).
Estimations of the UK people by country of origin and nationality are available at municipal levels. In 2017, the biggest non-British and non-British nationals were in London (the area with the highest share of non-British inhabitants with 38% and non-British inhabitants with 24%) (Table 4).
There was a difference in the percentage of the populations in the UK's citizenship and birth outside the UK in terms of the number of people in it. Much more detail, which includes the breakdown of statistical data by municipality and by country, can be found in the data sets and basic table next to this document.
When you are new to international migrations stats, you may find it useful to refer to our Internat. We are today (24 May 2018) releasing an updated paper on our Migrations Statistic Transformation. The" Population by country of origin and nationality" contains important information on quality and methodology:
You can find further information on our demographic statistic by country of origin and nationality under International immigration - concepts, explanations and FAQ.