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Map of the Democratic Republic of the Congo / Geography of the Democratic Republic of the Congo / Map of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), formerly known as Zaire, is the third biggest nation on the continental Africa. It is still the traditional home of over 200 indigenous peoples, most of whom came from empires that existed long before the arrival of Europeans in the 18th century. In 1899 the kingdom was divided into two parts before it was fully integrated into the Free State of Belgian Congo.
On behalf of King Leopold II of Belgium, Henry Stanley was the first ever explorer of the Congo Basin. Having heard Stanley's account of the country's inherent qualities, King Leopold took over and introduced a system of hard labour that triggered the first ever civil liberation campaign in the United States.
In 1908 he was compelled to confer on the then Belgium Congo in 1908 to become a colon. Following its total autonomy from Belgium in 1960, the nation was struck by an uninterrupted procession of attacks, civilian conflicts, attempted coup d'etat, corruption of the dictatorial regime, violent murder, rebellion and unnecessary killing. 1971 President Mobutu Sese Seko re-named the state the Republic of Zaire.
In Mobutu' s leadership, the regime was accountable for serious breaches of fundamental freedoms and a culture of personalities and bribery, despite the country' s peaceful and stable situation. Enemies began calling for reforms in 1990, with tension increasing until 1996 due to the Rwandan civil war and the Zaire genocide.
What countries border the Democratic Republic of Congo?
Map of the Congo / Geography of the Congo / Map of the Congo
In the mid-15th the illusory Pygmies, gradually superseded by the Bakongo, Bateke and Sanga tribes, first populated the Republic of Congo. When the Portuguese explored the coastline, the locals (who had quickly become friends) began to work with the Europeans and the slavery began to thrive.
The Congolese and Portugese relations were finally shaken by a succession of rebellions that Kimpa Vita cited in the seventeenth centuries. The Anthonese Prophecy was founded by Kimpa Vita, a Roman Catholics monk, after seeing a vision of Saint Anthony of Padua, who ordered her to rebuild the Congo state. Capuchin monks of Portugal sentenced Kimpa Vita as a sorceress and ordered her deaths.
It is a symbolic of Africa's opposition to early nationalism for many of its members and is considered the Africans' interpretation of Jeanne d'Arc. In 1891, this resource-rich country was settled by the French and given the name French Congo - later Central Congo.
The Congo indigenous people were suffering from hard labour under the French commando and saw their precious natural gas and ivories being used. Jean-Felix Tchicaya was voted into the French parliament in 1945 and became one of the first Africans who had the chance to do so. Who are the Congo's speakers?