Comoros MapMap of Comoros
Comoros ( ); Arabic: ?????, Juzur al-Qumur / Qamar), formally the Comoros (: Udzima wa Komori, French:. University of Comoros, Arabic: ?????? ?????? al-?????? al-Qumur? / Qamar?), is a supreme insular state in the Indian Ocean at the north end of the Mozambique Canal off the east African coastline between northeast Mozambique and northwest Madagascar.
Moroni is the Comoros' biggest town. Sunni Islam is the religious beliefs of the vast majority of the people. With 1,660 square kilometres, without the controversial Isle of Mayotte, the Comoros are the third smallest continent in Africa. Non-Mayotte populations are expected to be 795,601. 1 ] As a country that emerged at a intersection of different civilizations, the islands are known for their rich cultural and historical heritage.
Bantu spokespersons from East Africa, complemented by Arabian and Austronese immigrants, first settled in the area. It is made up of three large and many smaller islets, all in the Comoros. Most of the large island are known by their name: the most north-western Grande Comore (Ngazidja), Mohéli (Mwali) and Anjouan (Nzwani).
Furthermore, the Comoros are entitled to a forth large archipelago, the south-easternmost Mayotte (Maore), although Mayotte chose to vote against French independence in 1974, was never governed by an autonomous Camorese administration and is still governed by France (currently as the French Sea Department). The French have put a veto on United Nations Security Council resolution which would reaffirm the Comoros' supremacy over the islands.
5 ] In 2011, after a popular vote, Mayotte became an Überseedepartement and a French area. Together with this permanent unstable policy, the Comoros live with the lowest disparity of incomes of all nations with a Gini ratio of over 60%, while at the same time being ranked in the Human Development Index in the lowest quart.
From 2008 [update], about half the world' s populace was living below the US$ 1.25 per diem a year. The Comoros are members of the African Union, the Francophonie, the Organisation for Islamic Cooperation, the Arab League (of which it is the most southern state, as it is the only member state of the Arab League with a tropic atmosphere and is also entirely located in the southern hemisphere) and the Commission for the Indian Ocean.
The Comoros are also close to Tanzania in the north-west and the Seychelles in the north-east. Moroni is its capitol, on Grande Comore. Comoros has three formal language versions - Comoros, Arabian and French. There are a number of populations in the Comoros, including the African coastline, the Arabian Peninsula, the Persian Gulf, the Malay Archipelago and Madagascar.
Bandoth-sponsoring colonists arrived on the archipelago as part of the larger Bandot growth that took place in Africa in the first millenium. It became the Karthala vulcano that built the Grande Comoro isle. The Comoros have been subdivided into stages. At an early stage, the Dembeni period (9th to 10th centuries) was reliable, in which each individual islet had a unique town.
In the 17th century, commerce with Madagascar and traders from the Middle East prospered, small communities and cities developed. For many Comoros, their genealogy can be traced back to Yemeni forefathers, mainly Hadhramaut and Oman. Portugese discoverers first came to the islands in 1503.
In Mozambique, the island supplied the portugese fortress during the sixteenth cent. In 1973 it was agreed with France that the Comoros would become autonomous in 1978. Mayotte' s representatives have abstained. There were referenda on all four isles. Mayotte, on the other hand, continued to be under France's management.
However, on 6 July 1975, the Komoran government adopted a one-sided motion to declare the country independent. Abdallah announced the state' s autonomy (État Comorien; we-car.com ?????) and became its first chairman. A map from 1808 describes the island as "Camora". Mr Azali was unable to establish sovereignty and restore island sovereignty, which was the object of aggravation.
Under the aegis of South African President Thabo Mbeki, the African Unions has adopted penalties against Anjouan to support the talks and bring about a process of conciliation. 31 ] The formal name of the land was amended to Unión de Comores and a new system of territorial independence was introduced for each of the three isles, as well as a trade unions administration for the three isles.
In 2001, Colonel Mohammed Bacar, a French-trained former police officer, took over as president in Anjouan. In June 2007, it took a decision to endorse its conduct, which was dismissed as unlawful by the Comoros and African Union governments. Mr President, on 25 March 2008, the Anjouan, which the rebels were holding, was confiscated by hundred African Union and Comorian troops, which is generally applauded by the population: there have been stories of several hundred, if not thousand, of torture during Bacar's term of office.
In a speed boat, Bacar escaped to the Indian Ocean in France to look for refuge. The Comoros were followed by anti-French protest (see the 2008 Angevin invasion). After the 2010 presidential term ended, former Vice-President Ikililou Dhoinine was elected President on 26 May 2011. Dhoinine, a member of the governing coalition government, was assisted in the vote by current President Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi.
The first Comorian citizen of the Isles of Mohéli is Mr Duinine, a trained apothecary. After the 2016 election, Azali Assoumani became its third presidential year. Comoros consist of Ngazidja (Grande Comore), Mwali (Mohéli) and Nzwani (Anjouan), three large archipelago and many small isles.
They are formally known by their Comoros, although they are still used by foreign countries (in brackets above). It is located in the Indian Ocean, in the Mozambique Channel, between the shores of Africa (closest to Mozambique and Tanzania) and Madagascar, without frontiers. Comoros also have a right to 320 square kilometres of oceans.
Indoors the archipelago varies from precipitous peaks to low mounds. The Ngazidja is the biggest of the Comoros, about the same size as the other Comoros together. It' also the youngest of all the islets, so it has bedrock. Mvali, with its capitol Fomboni, is the smallest of the four large isles.
Vulcan activities have shaped the Isles of the Comoros Archipelago. Most of the vanishing rain forest of the Comoros is found here. Comoros also occupy Îles Éparses or Îles Iéparses de l'océan india - Glorioso Island, consisting of Grande Glorieuse, Île du Lys, Wreck Rock, South Rock, Verte Rocks (three islets) and three untitled isles - one of the French oversea territories.
Glorioso Islands were managed by the Comoros before 1975 and are therefore sometimes regarded as part of the Comoros archipelago. The Banc du Geyser, a former isle of the Comoros archipelago, is situated in the Îles Éparses, but was conquered by Madagascar in 1976 as unoccupied area.
Comoros and France still regard the Banc du Geyser as part of the Glorioso Isles and thus as part of their special exclusivity. They are seldom exposed to cyclions. Comoros policy is conducted within a federated Presidency, with the President of the Comoros as well as the President of the State, the President of the Comoros and the President of a multi-party system.
On 23 December 2001, the Constitution of the Union of the Comoros was approved by popular vote, and in the following few month, the island' s constitution and executive were adopted. The handover of sovereignty from Azali Assoumani to Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi in May 2006 was a turning point because it was the first ever handover in the Comoros.
At the United Nations General Assembly, which adopted a set of motions under the headline "Question of the Comoros Island Mayotte", the Comoros have reiterated their demand to Mayotte to belong to the Comoros and to preserve the regional sovereignty of the colonies after the war.
In practice, however, these motions have little effect and it is not clear that Mayotte will become a de facto part of the Comoros without the agreement of his population. Others, such as the Organisation of African Unity, the movement of non-aligned countries and the Organisation for Islamic Cooperation, have also called into question France's independence over Mayotte.
5 ] To conclude the discussion and prevent violent integration into the Union of the Comoros, the people of Mayotte decided by an overwhelming majority in a 2009 popular vote to become an overseas department and a part of France. It entered into effect on 31 March 2011 and Mayotte was recognized as an OR by the European Union on 1 January 2014.
With this ruling, Mayotte is integrated into the French Republic "one and indivisible". Comoros' armed forces comprise a small stationary armed forces, a 500-man strong policing unit and a 500-man-defense team. There is a defense agreement with France for the conservation of sovereign water, the education of the Comoros' armed forces and arson.
In the Comoros, France has a number of high-ranking officials at the French government's behest. In Mayotte, France has a small naval basis and a division of the Foreign Legion (DLEM). Following the establishment of the new administration in May-June 2011, a UNREC (Lomé) experts delegation came to the Comoros and developed guidance for the development of a country's domestic safety policies, which were the subject of discussion by various stakeholders, in particular the country's defense agencies and civilian societies.
Besides Comoros, French and Arabian are officially spoken. The educational system before colonisation in the Comoros concentrated on the necessary crafts such as farming, animal husbandry and domestic work. The educational system reversed after the Comoros became independent in 1975. Fifty-seven per cent of the world' s people are educated in Roman scripture, while more than 90 per cent are educated in Arab scripture; the overall competence is put at 77.8 per cent.
64 ] Comoros do not have their own font, but both Arab and Roman are used. The Comoros have two kinds of weddings, the Mna decabo (small marriage) and the anda ("large marriage"). Great matrimony is a symbolic of the Comoros' state. Completing an Adore wedding also significantly enhances a man's position in the Comorian family.
Comorians can only carry certain parts of traditional costume or be in the front row of a religious order if they have had a great family. There' is a state nationwide paper in the Comoros, Al-Watwan, in Moroni. Comoros is the nationwide broadcasting company and Comoros is the TV group.
World population outlook: Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations, Population Division. Comoros. of the United Nations Development Programme. ab The first UN General Assembly resolution on this subject, "Question of the Comoros Isles Mayotte (PDF)", Resolution A/RES/31/4 of the United Nations General Assembly (21 October 1976), states: "The Comoros Isles Mayotte is a blatant intervention by France in the nationhood of the Comoros state, a member of the United Nations," and rejects the referenda held by France and condemns the fact that France is present in Mayotte.
According to the definition of the Organization of African Unity, the Movement of Non-aligned Countries, the Organization for Islamic Cooperation and the General Assembly of the United Nations: The most recent resolution of the General Assembly of the United Nations on this subject, "Question of the Comoros Isle Mayotte", states in Resolution A/RES/49/18 of the General Assembly of the United Nations (6 December 1994): "The results of the referenda of 22 December 1974 should be examined worldwide and not on a per-isle rather than per-island bases.
affirms the supremacy of the Islamic Federal Republic of the Comoros over the Isle of Mayotte". Office of Legal Affairs (OLA). The Comoros are protesting against France. The Islands of the Moon. The Comoros. International Journal of African History. Society for African Studies. Takeover of Comoros in France (PDF).
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French mercenary gives up in the Comoros couple. "in the Comoros dying of a myocardial infarction." "The excitement is mounting in the Indian Ocean Archipelago". COMOROS: PUTSCHFÜHRER GIVES REASON FOR PUTSCH. The BBC Monitoring Africa (Radio France Internationale). Mbeki is flying to the Comoros to solve the Comoros' policy crises.
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Population Department of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat (2005) World Population Prospects: Comoros. FACTBOX relationships between France and the Comoros. Introductory course in Comorian structural grammar. Comoros". WHO country offices in the WHO Africa area - WHO Regional Office for Africa (PDF).
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