, Tamil: ????????) is the largest city and the financial and commercial capital of Sri Lanka.
Columbo (; Singhalese: ????, translated. Ko?umpu, pronounced[ko?umbu]) is the trade capital and biggest town of Sri Lanka. The Brookings Institution says that the greater region of Columbo has a 5-person nation. Situated on the western shore of the Isle, it borders the Greater Columbo Area, which comprises Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, the Sri Lankan legislature capitol, and Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia.
Columbo is often described as the main city because Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte is located in the metropolitan area of Columbo and a outskirts of it. The city is also the administration capitol of the western province and the county capitol of the county Columbo. Columbo is a bustling and pulsating place with a mix of contemporary living and kolonial architecture and remains.
Until 1982 it was the Sri Lankan provincial government city. Colombo was known to old merchants 2,000 years ago because of its large port and its strategical location along the East-West maritime trading lanes. Sarajevo became the main city of the country when Sri Lanka was transferred to the British Empire in 1815 and its statute as the main city was maintained when the country became self-sufficient in 1948.
Colombo was declared the trading capitol of Sri Lanka in 1978, when the administration was transferred to Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte. As with many towns, the Colombo metropolitan area stretches far beyond the borders of a sole regional government and includes other municipalities such as Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte Municipal Council, Dehiwala Mount Lavinia Municipal Council, Kolonnawa Municipal Council, Kaduwela Municipal Council and Kotikawatte Mulleriyawa Pradeshiya Sabha.
Among the illustrious attractions in Columbo are Galle Face Green, Viharamahadevi Park, Beira Lake, Columbo Racecourse, Planetarium, University of Columbo, Mount Lavinia Beach, Nelum Pokuna Theatre, Columbo Lotus Tower and the National Museum. This is consistent with Robert Knox's story of the Isle when he lived as a Kandy inmate.
" In 1505 for the first time Portugese discoverers under the direction of Dom Lourenço de Almeida came to Sri Lanka. On their first trip they signed a contract with the king of Kotte, Parakramabahu VIII (1484-1508), which allowed them to sell the local harvest of coffee, which spread along the island's coastline, also in Colombo.
In Colombo they were able to set up a commercial branch. Within a brief period, however, they drove away the Muslims of Colombo and began building a fortress in 1517. Soon the Portuguese realised that controlling Sri Lanka was necessary to protect their coastline facilities in India, and they began to rig the Kotte Empire sovereigns to take over the territory.
Soon thereafter he annexed much of the Kotte Empire and compelled the Portuguese to withdraw to Colombo, which was under siege several times by Mayadunne and the later Sitawaka monarchs, obliging them to look for reinforcements from their main site in Goa, India. In 1593, after the collapse of the Empire, the Portuguese were able to take full command of the coast with Colombo as its main city.
This part of Colombo is still known as the forts and is home to the President's Palazzo and most of Colombo's five-star hotel complexes. Pettah (Sinhala ??? ????? ?? ??, "outer fortress") is the area immediately in front of Fortress and is a trading centre. Colombo has traditionally relied on the area around Pettah and Fortress Market, known for its wide range of produce and the Khan Clock Tower, a traditional symbol.
Currently it relates to the boundaries of the municipality of Columbo. 22 ] The name is more frequently used for the agglomeration known as Greater Columbo, which includes several municipalities, among them Kotte, Dehiwela and Columbo. Colombosography is a mixture of country and sea. 24 ] The pond is one of Colombo's most prominent emblems and has been used for hundreds of years by settlers to protect the town.
Colombo's northerly and northeasterly borders are defined by the Kelani Rivers, which meet the ocean in a part of the town known as Modera (m?dara in Sinhala), which means fluvial plateau. Victoria Gardens (Viharamahadevi Park) is an urbane garden situated next to the National Museum of Colombo and the Town Hall.
This is the oldest and biggest of Colombo's parks, with a large Buddha sculpture. Within the framework of the Government of Sri Lanka's Urban Regeneration Program, many old locations and structures were converted into state-of-the-art rest and recreation areas and malls. This includes the Independence Memorial Hall square, the Pettah Floating Market and the Old Dutch Hospital.
For the purpose of the post, Columbo is subdivided into 15 areas. A map of Columbo with the counties. 6Wellawatte, Pamankada, The metropolitan area of Columbo has a GNP of 48 billion dollars or 40% of the GNP and is thus the most important part of the Sri Lankan economic system. Per Capita incomes in the Columbo Metro area were USD 8623 and per head USD 25,117, making it one of the wealthiest areas of South Asia, with the western province accounting for 50% of Sri Lanka's GNP.
The Colombo Metropolitan (CM) area is the most important of Sri Lanka's centres of industry, commerce and administration. Much of the country's export-oriented production is carried out in the CM sector, which is the driving force behind Sri Lanka's economic upswing. Sri Lanka Police, the most important criminal prosecution authority on the islands, is linked to the local councillor but under the supervision of the Ministry of Defence of the state.
Police work in Columbo and its outskirts is carried out in the Metropolitan Range under the direction of the Deputy Inspector General of Police (Metropolitan), including the Columbo Crime Division. Transshipment of containers in the harbor of Columbo. Columbo harbor is the biggest and one of the most frequented harbours in Sri Lanka. Columbo was founded in times of colonisation mainly as a seaport, with an man-made harbor that was extended over the years.
Sri Lanka Navy operates a marine port support point, SLNS Rangalla. In 2008, the port of Colombo carried 3. 75 million 20-foot equivalents in 2008, 10. 6% more than in 2007 (again 9. 7% more than in 2006), thus moving against the overall economy trends. With 7 million TEU and a dredging deep of over 15 metres (49 ft), Colombo is one of the most congested harbours in the word and one of the top 25 (23).
Columbo has an elaborate system of local transportation systems using busses run by both commercial carriers and the state-owned Sri Lanka Transportboard (SLTB). The central coach station and the fort station, however, act as main hubs for coach and railway traffic on the isle. Principal line - Columbo Fort to Veyangoda; continue to Kandy, Badulla, Matale, Kurunegala, Anuradhapura, Kankesanturai.
Coast line - Columbo to Panadura; continue to Galle and Matara. From Puttalam Line - Columbo to Ja-Ela; on to Negombo and Puttalam. to Avissawella. The A1 motorway links Columbo with Kandy. Prior to building the high-rises, it was the Old Parliament Building that stately housed the Fort District, with the Old Columbo Lighthouse nearby.
A further symbol is St. Paul's Church Milagiriya, one of the oldest church in Sri Lanka, first constructed by the Portugueses and rebuilt by the British in 1848. Cargills & Millers is also a listed historic monument in Forte. Guns, once installed on the ramparts of the old Colombo fortress, were designed for observation and green image and gave the old Colombo a kolonial feel.
The educational establishments in Columbo have a long tradition. Columbo has many of the country's best-known state-run colleges, some of them held by the local governments and others privately. The majority of the major colleges in the town date back to 1800, when they were founded during Britain's reign of colonisation, such as Royal College Columbo, founded in 1835.
Some municipal Sri Lankan colleges have a certain degree of religion, due in part to the British influences who founded them. Among these are the Anglican, Bishop's College (1875); the Methodist, Wesley College Colombo (1874); the Buddhist, Ananda College (1886); the Muslim, Zahira College (1892); the St. Benedict's College (1985); the Catholic, St. Joseph's College (1896).
There are many international schools in the area that have been established in recent years. There is a long tradition of higher learning in the town, starting with the founding of Columbo Medical School (1870), Columbo Law College (1875), School of Agriculture (1884) and Government Technical College (1893). In 1913, the first stage in the founding of a university in Columbo was the founding of University College Columbo, which trained young people for the University of London's outside exams.
The University of Ceylon was founded in Columbo. 59 ] Today, the University of Columbo and the University of the Visual & Performing Arts are state-run colleges in the town. Sri Lanka Institute of Information Technology has a large urban warehouse in the center of the town. Colombos most wonderful feast is the feast of Buddha's nativity, illumination and dying, which all take place on the same date.
As there are a large number of Muslims in Columbo. The Eid Ul Fitr and Eid Ul Adha are two Muslim celebrations held in Columbo. As a rule, Columbo is very preoccupied on the evening before the festival because last minute shops are available. There are many celebrations, as well as many traditional activities that show much of Sri Lanka's cultural heritage.
A number of old riding venues in the town give an insight into the UK riding culture, including the Columbo Club, the Orient Club, the 80 Club and the Columbo Cricket Club. Columbo has several centres of visual art known for their music and theatre performance. Lionel Wendt Theatre, Elphinstone and Tower Hall are the best known centres for the visual arts, all with a very wealthy heritage and designed for production in the West as well.
You can also visit the Columbo Netherlands Museum, which shows the Netherlands main settlement story. Columbo does not have a very large arts galery. Green Path's Article Museum houses a small selection of incidental Sri Lankan works, as well as the Natural Science Museum. Kricket is one of the most favourite sport in Sri Lanka.
Two of the country's most beloved cruising arenas are located in Columbo, the Sinhala Sports Club's cruising arena and the R. Premadasa Arena (named after the deceased Premadasa President). Columbo has the difference of being the only town in the whole wide range that has had four crime test sites in the past: The Paikiasothy Saravanamuttu Stadion, Singhalese Sports Club Square, Columbo Cricket Club Square and Ranasinghe Premadasastadion.
The Royal Columbo Golf Course is located in Columbo and is one of the oldest in Asia. There are other Sportvereine in Columbo sind der Columbo Swimming CLUB, der Columbo Rowing LOCK et der Yachting Association of Sri Lanka. It is also a favourite sports at association and educational levels. It has its own FC teams and the sports are part of the FIFA Goal programme.
Colombo Port City will feature a new Formula 1 circuit to be built near the port of Colombo. Dr Priyath Wickrama, Chairman of the Sri Lanka Ports Authority, said that an eight-lane Formula One circuit will "definitely" be part of New Port City. The Colombo Marchathon is an international recognized Marchathon which was founded in 1998.
Nearly all large Sri Lankan medium enterprises are active from Colombo. These include the Sri Lanka Broadcasting Corporation or SLBC, formerly known as Ceylon and the Sri Lanka Rupavahini Corporation. A lot of the commercial broadcasters have their office and transmitters in or around Colombo. Several of the leading radios that broadcast in the Colombo area are Sirasa FM, FM Derana, Hiru FM, Shakthi FM, Vettri FM, Sooriyan FM, Kiss FM, Lite FM, Yes FM, Gold FM, Sith FM, Y FM and many more.
Colombo subway stations comprise the state TV stations broadcasted by the Rupavahini Corporation of Sri Lanka and transmitting TV in the Sinhala and Tamil language. Hop up, Britannica World Data. Hop up to: a e a " A4: Ethnic demographic breakdown and Divisional Secretary's Division, 2012".
of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka. Hop up ^ "Colombo is the commercial capital." This is the Sri Lankan government's website. Archives from the orginal on 20.12.2014. Kumarage A, Amal. "Impact of transport infrastructure and services on urban poverty and rural development in Columbo, Sri Lanka" (PDF). Skip up ^ "The 10 Traits of Global Fluent Metro Areas" (PDF).
Archives from the source (PDF), 2 April 2015. Hop up, Colombo: Heartbeat of Sri Lanka/ Metro Columbo Urban Development Project". Skipen Sie hoch ^ "Transformer la vision urbaine du Sri Lanka en politique et en action" (PDF). Archives from the Genuine (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Hop up ^ Jayewarden. "The way in which Colombo derives his name."
Hop up to: a pcc d "History of Colombo". Archives from the orginal on 02.12.2011. Hop up "Colombo - then and now". Archives from the orginal on 30 September 2007. Hop up ^ John, Still (1996). Hop up ^ Prof. Manawadu, Samitha. "Sri Lanka Cultural Routes as an extension of international travel routes:
Skip up to: a p r e d "European Encroachment and Dominance:The Portuguese". South Lanka: Hop up ^ Ross, Russell R.; Savada, Andrea Matles (1990). South Lanka: Skip up to: a bid "European attacks and dominance: South Lanka: Hop up to: a to Ross, Russell R.; Savada, Andrea Matles (1990).
South Lanka: Skip to top ^ "European attacks and dominance: South Lanka: Hop up to: a w o r k Adrian, Wijemanne (1996). Hop up "Colombo Weather". Archives from the orginal on 05.10.2009. Skip up to: a y "World Information Service - Colombo". Hop up ^ "Colombo Climate Normals 1961-1990".
Skip up ^ "Climate panel of Colombo (Kolamba) / Sri Lanka (Ceylon)" (PDF). Leap up Gangaramaya Temple. Archives from the orginal on 10 May 2012. Hop up, Department of Census and Statistics. Archives from the orginal on 10 June 2007. Supplementary resource "The Colombo Case, Sri Lanka" (PDF).
Archives from the Genuine from December 26, 2016. Total figures are based on lists provided by the Colombo Divisional Secretariat and the Thimbirigasyaya Divisional Secretariat, which is also a member of the Colombo Municipal Council. Leap up Port of Colombo. Global port source. Go to ^ "Department of Census and Statistics Sri Lanka - Population by Nationality and County according to Divisional Secretary's Division, 2012".
Skip high ^ "Department of Census and Statistics Sri Lanka - Population by Department of the Department Secretary, Department, Religion and Gender 2012". Hop up to "Councilman Colombo". Archives from the originals on 13.04.2008. Hop up "The Supreme Court Of Sri Lanka." Archives from the originals on 18 November 2011. Hop up ^ "Ministries of the Sri Lanka Government".
Sri Lankan authorities. Archives from the originals on 9 March 2007. Hop up to: a to " Colombo Economy ". Skip to top ^ "Press 20010712" (PDF). Archives from the Genuine (PDF) on July 22, 2011. Skipen Sie hoch ^ "Résumé exécutif de la région métropolitaine de Colombo (CM)" (PDF). Archives from the PDF file of August 10, 2012.
Leap high ^ The tragedy behind the capture of Sepala Eknayake, Edward Gunawardena Retd. Skip up ^ "Archived copy". Archives from the orginal on 03.10.2001. Hop, Springen Sie hoch ^ "Avertissement aux voyageurs, Département d'État des États-Unis". Archives from the orginal on 22 September 2006. Hop up "Colombo". lanka-houses.com. Hop up ^ "A fast and secure trip to Galle".
Skip up ^ Gamini Gunaratna, Sri Lanka News Paper from LankaPage.com (LLC) (2011-11-07). Colombopage.com. The Tuticorin Kolombo boat is setting the sails. Hop up "Princess Alexandra's Visit". Archives from the originals, 13 April 2007. Skip Up ^ "Historical Overview of Education in Sri Lanka, The UK Period: Archives from the originals on 11 April 2011.
Skip up to: a by Harsha, Aturupane; Paul Glewwe; Wisniewski Suzanne (July 2007). Columbos: Skip up ^ Harsha, Aturupane; Paul Glewwe; Wisniewski Suzanne (February 2005). Educational system in Sri Lanka: Columbos: Skip up to: a o a " Story of the University of Columbo ". Archives from the originals on 14 October 2008.
Hop up to: a bay d dolombo fort. Hop up to: a d w o r k d "Tintagel, Colombo". Skip up ^ Netherlands colonial remainders. Hop up to: a to Venerable Mahinda. Hop up "Nelum Pokuna". Hop up "History of Columbo National Museum". In the following book there are important information about Colombo: