sspan class="mw-headline" id="History">History
The municipality of Colmar (French: Colmar, pronounced as ; Alsatian: Kolmar) is the third biggest municipality in the Alsace area in the north-east of France. This is the headquarters of the Haut-Rhin département and of the Colmar-Ribeauvillé district. Known for its well-preserved old quarter, architecture and museum, including the Unterlinden Museum with the Isenheim altarpiece.
It is located 64 km south-west of Strasbourg, 48 km away. It has a solar climate and is one of the dryest French towns with an average rainfall of only 607 mm (23. 9 in) per year, making it perfect for Alsatian wines. Drought results from the city's proximity to hills that push western coming rain to climb, and much of its humidity condenses and falls as rain over the higher soil, so the atmosphere is heated and dry until it arrives in Colmar.
Largely unscathed by the destruction of the Revolution and the 1870-1871, 1914-1918 and 1939-1945 battles, the old city of Colmar is homogeneous and well known to visitors. Colmar's civil and ecclesiastical architectonic symbols represent eight hundred years of German and Franco-German style as well as the way in which their languages are adapted to suit specific cultures and construction methods (pink and gold Vosges stone, wooden frames).
The Colmar Jail -- 1791, formerly a 1316 monastery. The Marché envelope - 1865 (French neo-baroque). Colmar's biggest and one of the biggest churches in Haut-Rhin. The masterpiece La Vierge au busson de roses by Martin Schongauer, today untouched as a small chapel, shows as well as fourteenth and fourteenth centuries window panes and barrelchairs.
Untouched churches and monasteries with a beautifully decorated cross. Today it houses the Unterlinden Museum (see below). Untouched churches and monasteries which are used today as meeting and banqueting places (Salle des Catherinettes). The Unterlinden Museum - one of the most important in Alsace. Shows the Isenheim Altarpiece, a large selection of mediaeval, Renaissance and Baroque painting and sculpture, archeological artifacts, contemporary architecture and designs, and contemporary architecture.
The Musée d'histoire naturlle et d'ethnographie - Colmar's Zooological and Ethnographical Museums was established in 1859. In addition to a large selection of soft toys and artifacts from former African and Polynesian francophone and polynesian settlements, it also contains a selection of old Egypt objects. The Musée des u. s. Municipales - Industry and technical heritage site in a former plant devoted to the story of day-to-day technical life.
With more than 2,300 books, the Colmar Municipal Library (Bibliothèque municipale de Colmar ) has one of the largest collection of coins in France. This is an extraordinary figure for a cosmopolitan that is neither the headquarters of a school nor a University and which has its declaration in the liquidation of some of its cloisters, abbies and conventions during the French Revolution and the consequent transfer of its collection to the cosmopolitan area.
Colmar's small local airport operates from Colmar. Gare de Colmar train stations offer services to Strasbourg, Mulhouse, Besançon, Zurich and various localities. Once Colmar was also connected with Freiburg im Breisgau, in Germany and on the other side of the Rhine, by the Freiburg-Colmar train. Colmar's high school is a
The Université de Haute-Alsace (Upper Alsace University) is shared by Colmar and the neighboring major town of Mulhouse. Out of the approximately 8,000 enrolled at universities of applied sciences (UHA), some 1,500 are studying at the Institut Universitaire de Technology Colmar (IUT), at the Colmar office of the Faculté des Sciences et Techniques and at the Unité de Formation et de Recherche Pluridisciplinaire d'Enseignement Professionalisé Supérieur (UFR PEPS).
Colmar has hosted an annual classic musical event (also known as the Colmar Classic Musical Festival) since 1980. The prosperous town of Colmar is based on a thriving tourism sector. It is also the headquarters of several large companies:
At Timken (European headquarters), Liebherr (French headquarters), Leitz (French headquarters), Capsugel France (A Divison of Pfizer). Since 1947, Colmar has hosted the Foire aux wines d'Alsace (Alsatian Winemaking Fair), now the Alsatian's main trade show and festival, which takes place every year. This is Colmar (682)".
"Climate data of Colmar station" (in French). France Meteo. Alsace climate (in French). France Meteo. Collection-Meyenheim (68) - 207m altitude" (in French). "Kiener 24 Chateau, 68000 Colmar, France, rue de Verdun " "?????? Centre Culture de Seijo 28 Schulumberger 68000 COLMAR, FRANCE " Flight International. "eijo Gakuen has set up a culture centre in the neighbouring town of Colmar to give talks on Japanese issues, show films and preserve Japanese literature and print.
Infinitemirai " Wikimedia Commons has medias that refer to Colmar. Vikivoyage has a guidebook for Colmar.