City state

city-state

The city-state is a sovereign state, also known as a kind of small independent country, usually consisting of a single city and its dependent territories. From a historical point of view, these were cities such as Rome, Athens, Carthage and the Italian city states during the Renaissance. There are now only five city states that really manage themselves, but in the past this has been the case more often. Indeed, famous cities such as Rome and Athens were city-states, and the whole country of Italy consisted of independent trading cities during the Renaissance.

Historic Background">edit]>>

The city-state is a supreme state, also known as a kind of small autonomous state, usually consisting of a city and its dependant areas. From a historical point of view, these were towns such as Rome, Athens, Carthage,[1] and the city states of Italy during the Renaissance. From 2018, there will be only a few city states with a few differences of opinion about which city states they are.

There is a broad agreement that the concept currently covers Singapore, Monaco and Vatican City. City-states are sometimes also referred to as micro-states, but they also include other very small countryigurations. Several other small states have similar features and are sometimes referred to as the contemporary city-states - Qatar,[2][3] Brunei,[4] Kuwait,[4][2][5] Bahrain,[4][2][6][7][8][9], each with a city centre with a significant percentage of the total populace, although all have several different settlings and a particular or de facto city.

Kition (in present-day Larnaka) was a city-state in Cyprus that was in existence from around 800 BC until the end of the fourth cent. BC. During the Holy Roman Empire, the free imperial cities were granted substantial independence, which was secured under public policy after the Peace of Westphalia (1648).

Some of them, such as the three Hanseatic towns of Bremen, Hamburg and Lübeck, have combined their business relationships with international forces and have developed a remarkable degree of diplomacy. Towns often formed defensive coalitions with other towns or neighbouring areas such as the Hanseatic League, the Swabian League of Towns, the Décapole or the Old Confederation.

Following the disbandment of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, towns - then members of various alliances - became official sovereigns of city states - such as the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen (1806-11 and again 1813-71), the Free Hanseatic City of Frankfurt am Main (1815-66), the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (1806-11 and again 1814-71), the Free and Hanseatic City of Lübeck (1806-11 and again 1813-71) and the Free City of Krakow (1815-1846).

During the Habsburg reign, the city of Fiume had the statute of a Separate Body, which had no autonomous supremacy, but many of the characteristics of a city-state. West Berlin (1948-1990) was a later city-state without a sovereign state, a state that did not belong to any other state but was governed by the Allies.

Irrespective of their sovereignty as occupying power, they permitted their inner organization as a state that is at the same time a city formally named Berlin (West). Although it has had strong relations with the Federal Republic of Germany, it was never part of it in legal terms. Gdansk Free City was a semi-autonomous city-state that was in existence between 1920 and 1939, comprising the Baltic Sea harbour of Gdansk (today Gda?sk, Poland) and almost 200 cities in the area.

Founded on 15 November 1920[23][24] under Art. 100 (Section XI of Part III) of the Treaty of Versailles of 1919 after the end of World War I. After a long time during which the city of Fiume was granted significant independence under Habsburg domination (see Corpus separatatum (Fiume), the Free State of Fiume was declared a fully autonomous Free State, which was in existence between 1920 and 1924.

The 28 square kilometre area covered the town of Fiume (now in Croatia and known as Rijeka since the end of the Second World War) and the countryside to the south, with a western passage linking it to Italy. There was an area of 373 square kilometres within the city of Tangier in Northern Africa.

From 1923 to 29 October 1956, when it was re-integrated into the state of Morocco, it became a Franco-Spanish patronage. At that time the Memel-Territorium (Prussian Lithuanians and Memel countries formed the other tribes ), which was located between the city and the riverbank of this name, was invaded by Lithuania in 1923 in the uprising of Klaip?da

Trieste Free Region was an autonomous area in Central Europe between Italy and Yugoslavia, opposite the Adriatic Sea, under the immediate authority of the United Nations Security Council after the Second World War, from 1947 to 1954. In 1954 the UN tried to make the free area of Trieste a city-state, but it never really became autonomous and in 1954 it was split between Italy and Yugoslavia.

According to the 1947 United Nations partition plan for Palestine, obligatory Palestine should be divided into three states: a jewish state Israel, an arabian state Palestine and a corporpus separatatum (Latin for "separate body"), comprising a Jerusalem city-state under the supervision of the trust council of the United Nations.

Monaco is an autonomous city-state. The Monaco-Ville (the old fortress town) and Monaco's famous area Monte Carlo are counties of a contiguous municipal area, not different towns, although they were three separated communities until 1917. Both the Principality of Monaco and the City of Monaco (each with their own special powers) rule the same area.

By September 1870, the city of Rome had been under the control of the Holy Father as part of his Papacy. In 1870, when the city was conquered by Viktor Emanuel II, Pius IX declined to recognise the new Kingdom of Italy. Since he could not go without recognizing the sovereign power of the emperor, Pius IX and his followers each asserted to be a "prisoner in the Vatican" who could not abandon the Pontifical enclosure of 0.44 square kilometers after they had conquered the Pontifical throne.

The Vatican was recognised under this contract as an autonomous state with the Pope as its Mayor. Vatican City State has its own nationality, emblem, diplomatic body and stamp. It is by far the smallest souvereign land in the whole wide globe with less than 1,000 inhabitants (mostly clergy).

Due to their demographical features, they get more funds through the system of reallocation of funds. City-states are distinguished above all by the name of their state bodies: their government is known as the Senate, the Minister präsidenten "Bürgermeister" (Governing Major in Berlin and First Major in Hamburg) or President of the Senate (in Bremen) and also the terms for their state parliament differ from the other countries.

During the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, many of Germany's towns were free empire towns, without a principalities between them and the emperor's plain. Hamburg, Bremen and Lübeck in Northern Germany and Frankfurt, where the Federal Assembly was in. From 1945 Berlin was a split city, and the west part became a more or less West Allied state.

The reunified Berlin has been an everyday state in Germany since 1990/1991. Leap up ^ "Stadtstaat". thefreedictionary.com. Archives from the orginal on January 20, 2017. Qatar: Safeguarding the global ambitions of a city state. Archives from the orginal on 22 October 2013. Archiveed from the orginal on July 24, 2012. Archives from the orginal on 28 July 2013.

Archives from the orginal on April 7, 2014. The sovereign city: City-state through Chicago history: "Is this a new age for the city-state? Round-up ^ Holm, Poul, "Viking Dublin and the City-State Concept:

Archives from the orginal on May 4, 2017. Archives from the orginal on 2017-10-02. Role of communities in sustainable cities". Archives from the orginal on February 4, 2018. Archiveed from the orginal on January 23, 2009. Gdansk - Biographie d'une ville (en allemand). The diocese of Gdansk in pictures of life (en allemand).

Archives from the orginal on July 31, 2017. Archives from the orginal on November 2, 2017. Compare Thirty City State Cultures: A Survey by the Copenhagen Polis Centre, Danske Kongelige Videnskabernes Selskab, 2000. From Mogens Herman Hansen (ed.), A comparing survey of six city-state cultures: an analysis, by Det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab, 2002.

Mehr zum Thema