Citadel of SaladinSaladin Citadel
the citadel became the emblem of Egypt and other Arabian countries. This citadel was built between 1176 and 1183 AD by the Kordish Ayyubide Emperor Salah al-Din (Saladin) to defend it from the Crusaders. Only a few years after the victory over the Fatimid Caliphate, Saladin began to erect a barrier that would encircle both Cairo and Fustat.
As Saladin says: "With a brick wall I will make the two[cities of Cairo and Fustat] into a singular whole, so that an army can protect them both; and I think it is good to surround them with a brick-wall from the banks of the Nile to the banks of the Nile.
" A citadel would be the centrepiece of the Berlin wall. The citadel was erected on a headland below the Muqattam Hills, an area that made the invasion more arduous, and its effectiveness is reflected in the fact that it was at the core of the ancient Egyptan rule until the nineteenth cent.
3 ] The citadel ceased to be the official residence when Egypt's Khedive Ismail relocated to his new Abdin Palace in the Ismailiya district in the eighteen-sixties. The citadel was finished in 1183-1184, while the walls planned by Saladin were still under building in 1238, long after his deaths.
In order to provide the citadel with drinking fountain supplies, Saladin dug Joseph's 85-meter deep well (so named because Saladin's name, Y?sif, is the Arabian name for Joseph at birth), which can still be seen today. From the well, after the fountain came to the water table, it travelled through a range of fish to the citadel.
Under al-Nasir Muhammad's rule, Joseph's well could not provide enough drinking for the many beasts and people who lived in the citadel at the time. In order to raise the amount of aqueduct, Nasir erected a well system consisting of several Nile river fountains, from which the aqueduct erected by Saladin was used to transport the aqueduct to the citadel.
At the citadel there are three major mosques: The one that was constructed between 1830 and 1848, although it was only finished under Said Pasha in 1857. Yusuf Bushnak from Istanbul was the author and his role model was the Sultan Ahmed Moscow in this town. 7 ] Muhammad Ali Pasha was entombed in a grave of Carrara marmor in the inner court of the mosque.
It was erected in 1528 and was the first of the Ottoman moats in the citadel. She was erected on the remains of an old Abu Mansur Qusta religious mausoleum. This citadel also hosts museums: consecrated in 1983, it contains a magnificent collections of royal wagons attributable to different historic eras, from the reigns of Khedive Ismail to the reigns of King Farouk, in additon to other collections of exceptional antiquities related to the wagons.
Skip up to: a to Ades, Harry (2007). From A Traveller's Historical of Egypt. Skip up to: a to Raymond, Andre (2001). Cairo, by Willard Wood. Hop up ^ Ripley, George; Dana, Charles A., ads. "Cairo." Skip up to: a bar "The Mosque of Muhammad Ali (History)".
Hop up ^ Dunn, Jimmy (2006-04-07). "Cairo Citadel". Hip up ^ Ades, Harry (2007). From A Traveller's Historical of Egypt. Jumping up ^ "Egypt: Cairo Citadel. "Egypt Travel, Tours, Holidays, Ancient Egypt from Tour Egypt. Hop up ^ "Egyptian Military Museum in the Citadel".