Chin state BurmaChina Burma
Various Chin tribes are living in different hill groups and speaking different idioms. Chin's writing was invented by US missions. Chinese describe themselves as open, welcoming and thoughtful individuals who always welcome their visitors. China is often concerned that as a result of Burmanisation cultural diversity is fading (Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies, 2010).
Chinese-state educational system is absent in every respect, and as with other ethnical nations, Chinese-stories are omitted from schoolbooks. Chin also corrodes due to the incapacity of different sub-groups to select a widespread Chin idiom that could be used in inter-group communications.
Burmese is therefore used as a shared idiom between Chin tribes. Growing Chinese awareness is usually attributed to the British coming (Smith, 1994). Much of China has been transformed from its old animistic convictions to Christianity, and today over 70% are Christians, while most of the remainder are mainly animals or Buddhists (see About China).
Along with the Kachin, Karen and Karenni, many Chin ministered side by side with the English army during World War II. However, during the first two years of Burma's independency, many Chin were fighting on the Burmese side against the Karen, leading to complaints between the Chin and Karen that continue to this day.
Chin State was founded in 1974 (Smith, 1994). Throughout this period, many Chin-fugitives fleeing to India talked about deaths due to ill-treatment and starvation during the enforced resettlement of Chin village residents to new areas (Smith, 1994). A 2010 UN poll found that Chin State is the impoverished state in Burma with 73% of Burmese below the breadline (IHLCA II, 2012, p. 12).
A lot of young Chin men have entered the Burmese army as frantic attempts to evade extremist state impoverishment, sometimes seen as a good example of co-operative developments with the state. Chin may not have rebelled to the same extent as other ethnical groups, but discontent has often arisen.
Chin have little interactions with other indigenous groups in Burma, with the sole exceptions of the Kachin, who are in the immediate vicinity. Describing their relations with the Myanmar army as negatively, they felt severely discrimination by the regime (Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies, 2010). Life in the state remains bad and underdeveloped.
A lot of Chin have the feeling that the state is being ignored by the federal administration without investments or possibilities for Chin (Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies, 2010). Another perceived driver is the bad infrastructural situation, which leads to a shortage of business opportunity; many Chinese State towns are only reachable on walking through a small road system (CHRO, 2012).
China is still heavily militarized and there are repeated accounts of breaches of human rights practices such as hard labor and porting (CHRO, 2012). Recent cases in China show how immunity from prosecution for violent acts of violence in the state persists. A Burmese army man in Matupi township allegedly tried to violate and seriously injure a Chinese women on 10 June 2014 (WLB, July 2014).
Native Christians who protest in a peaceful manner for the persecution of the soldiers were then confronted with accusations while the soldiers were released. China also reports limitations on religion, especially in the Chin Mountains. China has difficulties in gaining access to training, and they are also often targets of discrimination in labour market policy (Ekeh & Smith, 2007).
A lot of Chinese go abroad to look for work and training possibilities.