Chin People MyanmarChins People Myanmar
China State (Burmese: ??????????????; MLCTS: hkyang: hranynai, pronounced[t????? pjìn??]) is a state in Western Myanmar. With an area of 36,019 square kilometers, it borders Sagaing Division and Magway Division to the eastern side, Rakhine State to the southern side, Bangladesh to the southwest, the states of Mizoram to the southwest and Manipur to the northern side.
In 2014, the state of Chin will have a total of 478,801 inhabitants. China State is thinly settled and is still one of the least advanced areas of the state. China State has the highest incidence of povernourishment of 73% according to the published numbers from the first formal poll. Chin's main language is Falam.
In Chin State there are 53 different subgroups and different language versions. In the first millenium AD, the Chin people stepped onto the Chin Hills as part of the broader Chin peoples' migrations into the area. Much of the story has seen the thinly settled Chin Hills governed by locals like Tlaisun and Zahau chieftains in the middle of the country (now Falam area), Guite and Sukte chieftains in the northern (now Tedim, Tonzang and Lamka area), Hakha and Zote chieftains in the southern (now Hakha and Thantlang area) and Sailo and Hualngo chieftains in Lushai High.
First affirmed regional policy unit was the Shan state of Kale (Kalay), established by the Shan people who ruled the Kale Khabaw River basin of the northwest east arch of Burma after the pagan kingdom fell in 1287. In the 1730' a resurrected Manipuri kingdom captured the Kabav River Basin, located on the east front of the Chin Hills, from the Burmese.
Chin Hills is located in a rolling western area, but was historically self-sufficient and far removed from the Burmese empires. Up to the time of the UK settlement, sovereign city-states such as Ciimnuai (Chinwe/Chin Nwe) later moved to Tedim and Vangteh in the northern part, Tlaisun and Rallang in the middle of the country and Hakha and Zokhua in the southern part of the country had an important policy function in ensuring regional stability, and each city-state exercised its own sovereignity in its own area.
It was the British who bought the Chin Hills a decade after the Third Anglo-Burmese War of 1885. Only in 1896, with the imprisonment of Khai Kam Thuantak from the Siyin area, the resulting Chinese opposition to the British was repressed. They managed the Chin Hills as part of the Arakan Division. US Missionary arrived in the 1890s, and by the mid-20th centuries most Chinese had been Christian.
After Burma's liberation from the United Kingdom in 1948, the Chin Hills Special Division was founded from the Chin Hills with its main city Falam. It became a state on 4 January 1974 and became a state of China. As the Chin National Front/Army behaves like gunmen, the Zomi, the people of northern Chin State, are looking for their real identities.
There is then an insoluble dispute between Laimi (Hakha & Thantlang villagers: who named themselves "Chin", although the term "Chin" has no significance in the Lai vernacular, since they do not have this word) and the Zomi (people from Tedim and Tonzang). In Chin State there are six major dialectic or ethnic groups:
To help persuade the Chin people in the Burmese government's statement of distress, Chin State split into two northern counties (Hakha District and Falth District) and one southern county (Mindat District) and was further split into nine cities and three sub-townships. Since the colonisation of Britain, Palam was the capitol of the state.
Citieship boundaries were adapted, most recently as part of a reorganisation of the Falam District in 2008. In its north-east, Staam Voivodeship was losing to Tedim Voivodeship, but gaining tedim territories in the north-west and stretching northwards to the evolving city of Rihkhawdar (Reehkawdar) on the boundary to India. During this restructuring, a small area in the south-west was transferred to the township of Thantlang, from where it had recently been relocated.
Khonumung (Mount Victoria), 3,200 meters high, is the highest summit of Chin State. Matupi's Bungtla Falls are the longest waterfalls in the state of Chin. There are many Chinese people, many of whom are related in history, but today have different tongues and different nationalities.
The name Chin is considered by some to be an exonyme given by the people of Burma of unknown ancestry. In 1951 the first "Chin National Day" was held in Mindat. Myanmar's administration formally declared Falam the Chinese state's main foreign tongue more than 30 years ago. Falam has been the media for the Chin-Radioprogramme broadcasted by the Chineseovernment since then.
At the same time, the Zomi/Zo people share the name of the game. It is widely used in Kalay parish, where it was overpowering long before Burma's independence. It is estimated that the number of people who speak the TEDI word exceeds 300,000 without taking into consideration the fact that Ngawn, Vaiphei, Sizaang, Thadou, Teizaang and other peoples are able to readily speak and interact with the city.
It is used as the primary communications voice in most areas of Falam, Hakha and Thantlang, although not all people use it. Since some of the Hakha and Falam areas originate from the Tibeto-Burman dialect and 85% of the phonetics and accents are the same, people from Falam can speak the Hakha speech with ease and against.
The Chinese have a mother tongue comprehension of the Mizo languages, except those who speak dialect and speak in very isolated areas. Kinn peoples are named with people like Zo People, K'Cho, Lusei (later Mizo), Kuki and others, on the basis of the name they were named by the people of Burma in the nearby areas and the British.
Lately some people have adopted the Zomi-nomenklature, i.e. the people of Zo (Berg) or Highlanders. Exactly these zo people who are living in the plains are named phaimis (i.e. people from the plains). From the records of Zam Siian Sang Gualnam, who interviewed the Chinese nationalities' season and people in 2004-2007 with the Chin Survey research group, the composition of all Chin tribes and their respective communities is as follows:
Asho( 250000+)You in the lower *magwe and also in the Pegu Division _ 500,000 inhabitants. You are Paite, Simte, Vaiphei, Zou, Komrem, Mate and Tedim. In addition, the Zomi and Thadou clans have different languages similar to those of the Tedim people. Though the precise populations of the Chin people are as yet unidentified and the Tedim tongue Zomi far overwhelm the others, the Chin state has been in a hurry for the past 50 years.
Moreover, the number of Chinese in China has declined rapidly since the early 2000s for economical and politic considerations. Livelihoods are hampered by the fast growth of the local populations and the untenable practices of slash-and-burn. A large number of Myanmar troops have been migrating to China since the early 1990' because of rebellious movement.
The Falam area alone is believed to have attracted about 100,000 people to other parts of Burma and, since 2000, a significant number to neighbouring India, Malaysia and Thailand. No less than 100,000 people have emigrated from the Hakha and Thantlang areas to Malaysia, India and other parts of Burma.
These emigrations apply to other provinces in Chin State, with the exceptions of Mindat, Kanpetlet and Paletwa - three of the most remote cities. A large number of Chinese who live and work lawfully and illicitly have been established as internally displaced persons in third country such as Australia, Norway, Finland, Denmark, the Netherlands, Canada, the United States and New Zealand since the beginning of 2000, with the United States receiving the most.
In Falam, the Chinese use the term Salai for Mr. and Mai as Miss since the early 1970s under the direction of Salai Tin Maung Oo. Although the Hakha (ethnic Chin) use Leng as Miss and Val as Mr. The Tedim ethnical group use Tang as Mr. and Lia as Miss.
Mang and Tuem Matu use for (Matu woman) and Pu and Pi, and Pa and Nu, are common for older Chin and Chin guides like Pu Hrang Thio (famous for his bravery throughout the country). Pi is used to refer to older chinmothers. Strains also practise different ways of name people.
China State is currently the only state in Myanmar (Burma) with a conservative plural. The 53-mile Haka-Hmandaw Rd is under building and is almost complete with the contribution of Chin (Laimi tribes) around the globe. Kyoto-Mindat Strait between Chin State and Magway Division were constructed. The Kyaukhtu Airport, constructed by the Directorate of Military Engineers of the Ministry of Defence in Kyaukhtu, Saw Township, Gangaw District, Magway Division, was put into operation on July 10, 2004.
It has contributed to the development of the transportation industry of the South Chinese state, which links the Yaw and Pakokku areas in the Magway divisi. Vehicles can get to Kanpetlet from Magway (capital of Magway Division) via Saw and from Kyautthu and Mindat and Matupi in the south of Chin State from Pakukku via Kyaukhtu. In 1998 the army rulers constructed the 100-metre Var Bridge over the Manipura River on Kalay-Haka Street in Falam township and in 2002 the 150-metre Mansuang Hlei Bridge over the Manipura River on Tiddim-Kaptel-Rih Lake Street in Tiddim district.
"A comparison between the pre-1988 years and the years after (' 31.12.2006)" According to statistics  Chin State had 25 grammar school in 2003. China State has no lay college or university. There are, however, privately run Chinese academies of theology: See F.K. Lehman for more information about the Chin culture.
Structure of the Chin Society;: An indigenous people of Burma adjusted to a non-Western civilization.