Chavin Archaeological siteThe Chavin Archaeological Site
It was a ceremonious and pilgrim center for the Andes' spiritual life, hosting ancient and modern peoples from various parts of the Andes, as well as from different cultures and religions. Chavin became an important center of idealistic, cultured and widespread worship over a vast area of the Andes, up to the coast of the Andes, the Andes, the northern uplands and the high Peru.
One of the oldest and best-known pre-Columbian places, Chavin is the most important manifestation of the art, decoration and building technologies of its age. It has a ceremony and culture that is reflected in its architectonic, technical and symbolism, characterised by lined quarry houses and man-made patios around the squares, which contain an interior system of galleries with a net of openings and outlets unparalleled in South America.
Chavin Lanzón, Raimondi Stele, Tello Obelisk, Falconidae Portico, Circular Plaza and the cone head bear witness to the excellent and monuments of Chavin lithography. These characteristics make the archaeological site a singular memorial of great importance. Chavin, the archaeological site of one of the antique civilisations of South America, is an extraordinary example of the architectonic, technical and symbolism of early pre-Columbian society in the Peruvian Andes.
It has a breathtaking look, with a range of patios and plazas, with a sophisticated system of interior arteries, and with anthropomorph and zooming iconographical features of exceptional natural beaute. This was an important center of idealistic, as well as multicultural and spiritual converging and spreading around a worship that stretched over a vast area of the Andes.
The 79 hectares contain all the features, features and fundamental structure and symbolism of the architectonic and historical development that give the building its exceptional universal value. Though the site has been influenced by historical events, the whole set of building, platform and square complexes, flatimetry, architectonic layout, initial forms and material of the various phases of the building have been retained; the structure, gallery, square and architectonic space still contain authentic features and features, as well as the iconographic features that reveal their initial use and use.
Chavin archaeological site and its countryside have not changed significantly in their entirety and appearance, which is reflected in the continued tradition of farming activity in the area. The most important factors in maintaining the archaeological site's structural integrity have been the deterioration of Chavin over the years, which includes some mudslides in the tunnels, runoffs and inner chimneys.
Its most important are the flooding due to sudden landslips and flooding of glacier ponds (e.g. the 1945 flooding that partly covered up the site) and seismic events of high severity and severity (e.g. the 1970 earthquake). There is a strong evidence of the excellent artistic composition, evolution and aesthetical composition of the gravestones, bars, columns, sculpture and others that stay in place, showing their denominational ideology, the symbolic and spiritual significance of the connection, and the ceremony use and functioning of rooms and architectonic areas in particular.
It also shows the Chavin community and the historical development processes that manifest various building phases and different cultures, as the site has ultimately marked its architecture through its continual work. Physical finds also show the role of the ceremony center as a place of sanctuary for the people of the north and center of Peru in terms of the worship, which is clearly evident in its architectonic icons and in the place's sacred utensils.
Archeological studies and conservational procedures have preserved the rooms and structure of the ceremony complex intact. The Chavin Archaeological Site is legally protected: the Chavin Archaeological Site is covered by the Chavin Constitution (Art. 36), Act 6634 of 13 June 1929, which explicitly establishes the unalienable and unalienable right of the people to all historical sites in the territory before the Viceroyalty and makes the Chavín Archaeological Site a State Monument.
Further instruments of conservation are Law No. 28296, the General National Inheritance Act, which states that the nation's inheritance is unalienable and inviolable, and Law No. 13442, which establishes the Chavin Archaeological Park and the Centre of the Huari Archaeological Tourist Zone in the Ancash Division of Huari County.
Following the floods, some of which Chavin spilled in 1945, several institutes and the Ministry of Culture participated in protective, cleansing, precautionary, research and preparatory work. The Chavin archaeological site is managed and protected by the Ministry of Culture on the instructions of the Government of Peru, in accordance with local regulations.
In order to cover the essential needs and for the development of sustainable development plans necessary for the protection, maintenance and restoration of the site within the context of the institution's operating systems, the Ministry of Culture had drawn up a river basin planning scheme. Chavin Archaeological Site has constant staff, but the assigned conservation work on the site is not done with sufficient means.